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  • The United Kingdom has always been a hotspot for immigration.

  • But recently, there's been a change.

  • The dawn is breaking on an independent United Kingdom.

  • Immigration was one of the key factors driving debate around the U.K.'s referendum on the European Union,

  • with opponents complaining the EU right to freedom of movement

  • had caused an influx of migrants in the U.K.

  • I've been calling today in my remarks for a fair immigration policy.

  • The U.K. joined what would eventually become the European Union in 1973,

  • and EU citizens gradually migrated to the U.K. over the coming decades.

  • But it wasn't until the EU-8, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania,

  • Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia, joined the EU in 2004 that those numbers exceeded 100,000 per year.

  • Bulgaria and Romania's entry in 2007 provided an additional boost.

  • But those numbers peaked at 269,000 in 2015, the year before the referendum.

  • In 2016, that trend reversed.

  • The number of EU immigrants coming to the U.K. dropped off,

  • despite still having the right to live and work there.

  • At the same time, non-EU immigrants began to increase.

  • The fall of the pound made U.K. wages less valuable relative to European wages.

  • Economist Jonathan Portes researches the changing relationship between the U.K. and EU.

  • He says a lot of those non-EU immigrants come from South Asian countries

  • like India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

  • Because fewer Europeans are coming here, gaps have opened up that previously

  • might have been filled by European migration and are now being filled by Indians.

  • Just look at 2018.

  • More people from South Asia migrated to the U.K. than from the EU-8.

  • For some industries, these changes have been really good for business.

  • But for other business owners, Brexit has really hit them where it hurts.

  • So, let's go and meet one of them.

  • That's Abdul Ahad. He's a curry house owner in London.

  • He says the Brexit Leave campaign has promised he would be able to hire more migrants

  • from countries like India after the U.K. left the EU.

  • I was in favour of Brexit because of the promise of helping our industry to employ South Asian chefs.

  • But so far, those promises haven't come through.

  • Hospitality businesses all across the country are facing major staffing shortages of low-skilled workers.

  • It's estimated there will be a recruitment gap of more than 1 million workers by 2029.

  • And despite the increase in immigrants from South Asia,

  • they're not helping to fill the gap left behind by EU citizens.

  • That's because only highly-skilled migrants like doctors, nurses and IT workers

  • are benefitting from Brexit-related policies.

  • This is because of a U.K. government policy, which only grants work visas

  • to non-EU migrants if they earn more than £30,000.

  • Dr Ramesh Mehta says the National Health Service has reached out to him,

  • asking for his help in recruiting more Indian doctors.

  • The reason for that is the way Indian subcontinent doctors are trained is similar to the U.K. system.

  • Also the medium of instruction is English, which makes Indian doctors a lot more easier to be absorbed.

  • The U.K. government actually took it one step further in 2018.

  • It temporarily lifted the cap on the number of visas that were handed to doctors from non-EU countries.

  • There was no choice for the Home Office.

  • They need more medical workforce, and the nursing workforce from non-EU countries.

  • Experts are saying this trend could actually continue.

  • Currently, EU migrants don't need a visa to work in the U.K.

  • But in theory, after Brexit they will,

  • which means that EU and non-EU migrants will be on the same level playing field.

  • The U.K. government says it will scrap an immigration system that favors nationality

  • and will create one based on skills.

  • So now highly-skilled workers from around the world

  • will be favored over lower-skilled migrants, regardless of nationality.

  • And while that helps fill some big recruitment gaps in the U.K., that doesn't solve

  • the problem being faced by Abdul Ahad and others as they prepare for Brexit.

  • We have a lot of time and money invested into our business and we want to make it better

  • and we want to plan for the future.

  • Thank you so much for watching my first video.

  • Comment below if Brexit has affected you and don't forget to subscribe.

  • Bye for now!

The United Kingdom has always been a hotspot for immigration.

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イギリスの移民事情はすでに変化している|CNBCレポート (Britain's immigration landscape is already changing | CNBC Reports)

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    Summer に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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