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  • [Five easy ways to protect yourself from hackers.]

    [ハッカーから身を守る 5 つの方法]

  • Mr. Robot is probably one of the most accurate portrayals of what hackers can actively do.

    Mr. Robotは、ハッカーの活動実態をかなり忠実に再現した番組だと思います。

  • If you're interested in hacking and don't understand a lot of this, the TV show itself actually employs hackers to work on the show to depict real life hacks that could happen in real life and it's a very, very accurate portrayal of everything that we see today.

    ハッキングに興味があるけどどういう仕組みになっているかが分からない人のために説明しますと、この TV 番組は本物のハッカーを雇って実際の日常でどのようなハッキング行為を行っているのかを描写しているのですが、実際に起きている事を本当に正確に再現しているものなんです。

  • From being able to hack smartphones to getting access to a big corporation and being able to bring them to their knees from a cyber perspective.


  • So what's the top five things that you can do to make yourself more secure both at your business and your home?


  • Number one, use two-factor authentication or two-step verification everywhere that you can.

    その 1、多要素認証または 2 段階認証を可能な限り採用する。

  • Your banking systems, Twitter, Facebook all support the ability for you to enable an additional security feature that you may not know.

    銀行口座、ツイッター、Facebook などはどれも追加のセキュリティを適用させる事ができますが、これはなかなか知られていません。

  • You go to your settings, it's in there.


  • You can enable it and every time that you log in, it'll register your computer.


  • And you can then get a text message to go into that system as a second form of verification.


  • And why that's important is because if a hacker gets access to your password, they still have to have access to your phone to get access to your account.


  • And that's really important by enabling that specific security step, probably number one.

    このセキュリティシステムを有効化させることが、おそらく 1 番大切じゃないかなとは思います。

  • Number two, don't use the same password everywhere.


  • I know it's hard, but using the same password everywhere is one of probably the easiest ways that we break in as hackers.


  • So if you have the same Twitter password as your same banking information, those are things that can get you in some serious trouble.


  • Number three, make sure that you stay up to date.

    その 3、アップデートはこまめに行う。

  • Those security patches.


  • Every time you have a Windows update that says "Hey, I need to update your computer," it's usually to fix a known attack that hackers have figured out to get access to your computer.


  • So keep up to date whether you're using a Mac, they aren't impervious to attack, or you're using Windows, same thing, update your systems.


  • That's the most important thing, always keep up to date with what you're having out there.


  • Same thing for third-party applications.


  • If you're using Java, Adobe, PDFs, Office documents, those are all things that you want to keep up to date and that makes it much harder for us as hackers to break in to your system.

    Java や Adobe 、PDF に Office を使っている場合も、アップデートは忘れずにしておくとハッカーにとって乗っ取りが難しくなります。

  • Number four, social media, be careful with how much information you actually put online.

    その 4 はソーシャルメディアです。オンライン上にどの程度情報をシェアするかは気をつけてください。

  • We as attackers can look at that.


  • Look at what you do, your spending habits, what you might be doing from a day-to-day perspective, going and buying Starbucks at a certain location.


  • Those are all things that we can use to identify when you're gonna be out of the country or when you're gonna be at a business meeting.


  • We can use that as a method to attack you.


  • One of the main things that we do as hackers, especially when it comes to social engineering, is we create a sense of urgency.


  • Something that you're familiar with, but you have to take action upon.


  • So let's just say for example, I'm a Verizon customer and I have an Amazon package that's getting delivered.

    例えば、私が Verizon の商品を Amazon から買って荷物が送られてくることになっているとします。

  • Well, if I, as an attacker, know an Amazon package is getting delivered, sending a text message from a Verizon customer support service line coming from Amazon saying "Hey your package is being rerouted," you need to log into the site to get it delivered again, is something that an attacker can use.

    ここで、ハッカーが Amazon から荷物が送られてくるのを待っている事を知っていれば、Verizon のカスタマーサポートセンターからのテキストをねつ造して「お荷物が返送されてきていますので、再発送するにはサイトに再度ログインしてください」と言ったりすることがあるのです。

  • So those are things that attackers can leverage is urgency, how you actually operate, and all that information that you post online are things that we can use as attacks.


  • And last but not least, personal information.


  • That's one of the biggest things that attackers can leverage to get access to your data.

    これは、ハッカーが悪用して個人データへのアクセスに使うことができる大きな要因の 1 つです。

  • Things like social security numbers, your credit card numbers.


  • A person is not going to call you on the phone from a banking service and ask you for that type of information.


  • So whenever you get a call, that's too good to be true, or a call that is a fraud services line, call them back.


  • Look at the number on the website themselves and call it back cause a lot of times attackers will impersonate financial services.


  • They'll impersonate different organizations to try to get your personal information and use that to be able to make fraudulent charges.


  • So when it comes to that, your phone, verify first.


  • Go to their site, call the site itself, off from there and then call to an actual person that's actually at that institute itself.


[Five easy ways to protect yourself from hackers.]

[ハッカーから身を守る 5 つの方法]

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元ハッカーがアドバイスする、オンライン上での攻撃から身を守る5つの方法(Former NSA Hacker Reveals 5 Ways To Protect Yourself Online)

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    kevinliu571 に公開 2020 年 08 月 20 日