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  • Matter is everywhere: we eat it, breathe it, drink it. It is who we are.


  • But what is matter?

  • The most basic particle physics definition of matter comes down to one surprising rule:


  • The Pauli exclusion principle - or, essentially, electrons hate being alike.

    ポウリの排除原理 - つまり、本質的には、電子は似ていることを嫌う。

  • To understand why, we have to remember the fact that every electron is exactly the same.


  • Not "kind of the same"… They're perfectly identical.

    Not "kind of the same"... They're perfectly identical.いつでもどこでもできるのと同じように。

  • Just as you can at anytime, anywhere, spontaneously write down the number three and it will mean exactly, perfectly three.


  • As if there were some everywhere-permeating "three-ness" always available to produce a three at your whim.


  • It's the same case with the electron.


  • There's an everywhere-permeating "electron-ness" called a "quantum field," and from that field every electron in existence has been summoned, and they are all, exactly, "electron".


  • So when someone says "Every time you breathe, you inhale a few of the same electrons that used to be in Jesus or Mozart"


  • That's about as deep as saying that every time you do arithmetic you use the same number three as Archimedes.


  • What's more?

    What's more, just like you can call on the "threeness" to summon " negative-three" which

  • Just like you can call on the "three-ness" to summon "negative-three", which has all the exact same properties of three except opposite.


  • And when it meets three they annihilate - you can summon "anti-electron" from the electron field and it will annihilate electron when they meet.

    annihilate - あなたは電子フィールドから"anti-electron"を召喚することができます。電子が出会うと

  • So, given that electrons are all exactly alike, it's a little surprising that they actually hate being like each other.


  • In fact, electrons despise alikeness so much that the universe is forbidden from summoning two or more into the same quantum state.


  • This is called "the Pauli Exclusion principle," and what it means in practice is that you can't cram too much matter into the same placelike a city where building higher than one story is prohibited:

    は、2つ以上を同じ量子状態に召喚することを禁じられています。これは、"と呼ばれています。それが実際には何を意味するかというと、あなたがあまりにも多くのことを詰め込むことができるということです。 同じ場所への問題 - 1階建てより高い建物が禁止されている都市のように。

  • Instead of skyscrapers, compounds sprawl outwards.


  • So at the most fundamental level, matter is just any field, like "electron", "quark", or "neutrino" from which you can summon particles and anti-particles,


  • but only one at every point, which means that, quite literally, matter is everything that takes up space.

    または"neutrino")から、粒子と反粒子を召喚することができますが、すべての時点で1つだけ。つまり文字通り 物質は空間を占有する全てのものであるということです

  • Like Walmart.


Matter is everywhere: we eat it, breathe it, drink it. It is who we are.



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B2 中上級 日本語 電子 召喚 物質 フィールド 粒子 量子


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    Why Why に公開 2020 年 08 月 06 日