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  • Hi, I'm Stephanie.

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  • He's well-built, with broad shoulders.

  • He's very muscular.

  • 'Well-built' means big, but big because of muscle, not fat.

  • The opposite of well-built is 'skinny'.

  • You can say 'He's very muscular' or 'He's very muscly'.

  • They have the same meaning.

  • There are other ways to say the same thing; for example, 'He looks strong.'

  • She's in good shape.

  • She has an athletic physique.

  • 'She's in good shape' has the same meaning as 'She's fit.'

  • 'Fit' describes someone who exercises regularly and is very strong.

  • Conversationally, in British English, 'fit' means 'attractive'.

  • It can be used for men and women.

  • The word 'physique' means the shape and condition of your body.

  • 'Physique' is most often used with positive adjectives to describe someone who is strong,

  • or who has an attractive body.

  • For example, the collocations 'muscular physique' and 'strong physique' are

  • common.

  • He's skinny.

  • He has a slight build.

  • What's the opposite of 'fat'?

  • Actually, there are several words.

  • 'Thin' is the basic word.

  • 'Slim' is similar; it means 'thin and attractive'.

  • 'Skinny' is a more negative word.

  • It suggests that someone is *too* thin.

  • If you say that someone is skinny, it means you think they should eat more.

  • Your 'build' is the shape of your body: whether you're broad or thin, whether you're

  • muscular or not, and so on.

  • You can use many different adjectives with 'build'.

  • Common ones are 'medium build', 'slim build', 'proportionate build' and 'stocky

  • build'.

  • 'Stocky' means big or wide, usually with muscle rather than fat.

  • He's overweight.

  • He has a gut.

  • 'Overweight' is a more indirect word than 'fat', although neither is polite if you

  • are talking directly to someone.

  • A gut means a big stomach.

  • You might use it to describe someone who has a lot of extra weight on their stomach.

  • You could also say 'He has a big belly', which has the same meaning.

  • He has chiselled features, with high cheekbones.

  • He has very well-defined facial features.

  • This is a chisel.

  • It's a tool which is used to carve stone, for example to make a sculpture or statue.

  • 'Chiselled features' means that someone's facial features are very attractive and clearly-defined,

  • like a statue.

  • It's generally used for men's faces.

  • 'Well-defined' is similar, but can be used for men or women.

  • If your facial features are well-defined, then your cheekbones, jaw, chin and so on

  • have a clear shape.

  • This has a positive meaning, although it doesn't necessarily mean 'attractive'.

  • He has crow's feet.

  • He has faint wrinkles in his forehead.

  • As you get older, you'll get lines or wrinkles in your face.

  • Crow's feet are the patterns of wrinkles you get in the corner of your eyes.

  • Wrinkles can be 'faint' – light and difficult to seeor 'deep'.

  • She has dimples when she smiles.

  • She has freckles on her nose and cheeks.

  • 'Dimples' here means small holes in your cheeks which appear when you smile.

  • Not everyone has them.

  • Although it's not common, you can use the word 'dimple' to refer to similar holes

  • in other places.

  • For example, some people have a dimple on their chin.

  • Freckles are common among people with very light skin.

  • Going out into the sun can make your skin more freckled.

  • She has a round face, with a high forehead.

  • She has a double chin.

  • You can use many adjectives to describe the shape of someone's face, such as: round,

  • thin, symmetrical, long, or square.

  • If someone is overweight, they might have a double chin.

  • He has a goatee.

  • He's going grey.

  • 'Goatee' is a common word; it's a beard which covers your chin and upper lip only.

  • You can also have a full beard, which covers your whole face and neck.

  • There are many words for different styles of beard, but most of them are not commonly

  • used, except by beard experts.

  • If you say 'he's going grey', 'going' means 'becoming'.

  • You can use 'go' in this way for changes in someone's hair; for example 'go grey'

  • or 'go bald'.

  • You can also use it if someone's face changes colour.

  • For example 'She went bright red' or 'He went pale when he heard the news'.

  • He has curly black hair.

  • She has thick shoulder-length curly hair.

  • 'Curly' describes hair with tight curls.

  • What's the opposite?

  • The opposite is 'straight hair'.

  • In the middle, you can have 'wavy hair.'

  • For length, you can say hair is long, short, medium length, or shoulder length.

  • For very long hair, you might say something like 'Her hair reached down to her waist'.

  • He's bald, with a thick beard.

  • She has long blonde hair.

  • 'Bald' only refers to people who have lost their hair, usually because of aging.

  • If someone shaves their hair off, you can say 'He has a shaved head'.

  • Hair can be thick or thin; you can use these adjectives for hair on your head, or for facial

  • hair: beards and moustaches.

  • When talking about hair, be careful with adjective order.

  • Adjectives like 'long', 'short', 'thick' or 'thin' go before the colour.

  • So, you can have 'long brown hair', 'thick dark hair', 'short fair hair', and so

  • on.

  • He has fair hair.

  • His hair is shaved short at the back and sides, and swept to one side on top.

  • 'Fair hair' is similar to 'blond hair', but is has a wider meaning.

  • 'Fair' just means 'light', so it could include light brown hair or dark blond hair.

  • 'Sweep' generally means to clean your floor with a broom.

  • However, you can also use it for hair, especially when you push your hair in one direction.

  • You can sweep your hair to one side, sweep your hair into a ponytail, or sweep your hair

  • back.

  • That's all for this lesson.

  • Thanks for watching!

  • See you next time!

Hi, I'm Stephanie.

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B2 中上級

英語で人の外見を表現する - ビジュアルボキャブラリーレッスン (Describing People's Appearance in English - Visual Vocabulary Lesson)

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    Courage に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
動画の中の単語