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  • Hi, everybody.

  • Welcome back to ask Alicia the Weekly Siri's where you ask me questions and I answer them.

  • Maybe first question comes from Reuben.

  • Hi, Reuben.

  • Reuben says which one of these sentences is correct.

  • Are you mad with me or are you mad at me?

  • Ah, here we use at when we want to express anger and we want to use the word mad we use at the proposition at like don't be mad at me.

  • Or are you mad at me when we use the word angry however we use with instead we do not use at so even though these two words expressed the same emotion when we use mad we use at and when we use angry we use with So for example, are you angry with me or don't be angry with me so you can see that there are these small differences.

  • The meaning doesn't change but just the words that we use those small in between words in this case, the proposition at and we use with angry, So I hope that this helps you.

  • Thanks very much for the question.

  • Let's move on to your next question.

  • Next question comes from OC Mall Mirza Hayek Mall.

  • Akmal says.

  • Hi, Alicia.

  • What is the difference between but and yet explain, please.

  • Well, it depends on how the word is being used in the sentence, both, but and yet can have different grammatical functions.

  • So to compare the two, let's look at two ways that these words air used with the same grammatical function.

  • So let's first look at using these words as a conjunction.

  • Remember, a conjunction is a word that's used to connect ideas.

  • So we're putting phrases together with conjunctions when we're using.

  • But and yet in this way you can use them interchangeably.

  • That means they have the same meaning.

  • So as a conjunction, they function the same.

  • I would say that yet tends to sound a little bit more formal than but but they do have the same meaning.

  • They mean, however, so you can use them as you like.

  • If you find that you're using the word but too much in your writing, you can swap it out for yet.

  • So some examples.

  • You said you were going home, but you're still here working.

  • I tried to get a loan, but the bank rejected my application.

  • Our team was defeated in the semifinals, yet everyone kept a positive attitude.

  • So as conjunctions, they have the same function.

  • Let's move along, though, to talking about these words used as adverbs.

  • So when we use yet as an adverb, it means like up to now or up until the present point in time.

  • So we use this a lot in questions like, Have you finished your homework yet or have you seen that movie yet?

  • When we're making statements, we can use it as well.

  • We have not yet reviewed the emails from our customers.

  • I have yet to receive a phone call today when we're using, but as an adverb, it means on Lee.

  • So this is a key difference when we're using yet and when were using.

  • But as adverbs, they have very different meanings, and we cannot use them interchangeably.

  • So some examples of but used as an adverb, this is but the first step in our exciting new project.

  • This cut.

  • Don't worry, it's but a scratch.

  • So this use of but is actually a little bit formal and can sound a little bit old fashioned.

  • It's not used so much in everyday speech.

  • We might instead say something like, It's just a scratch or it's nothing big.

  • We might use something else slightly different in place of but here.

  • But please keep this in mind when you're choosing between but and yet so in summary, but and yet can be used in the same way if you're using the words as conjunction.

  • If you're using them as adverbs, keep in mind that they are very different.

  • So this is a quick introduction to two of the uses of these words.

  • For more information and for more example sentences.

  • You could take a look at a dictionary.

  • This will give you some of the more detailed uses, especially of the word, but so check that out.

  • Thanks very much for the question.

  • I hope that this helps you.

  • Okay, let's move along to your next question.

  • Next question this week comes from Sanju.

  • Hi, Sanju, Sanju says, Hi, Alicia.

  • I have a question about similar words which start the same.

  • For example, simultaneous simultaneously simulation.

  • How do I understand these kinds of words, and how do I use them?

  • Nice question.

  • So I think that maybe the best way to answer this question is to give some guidelines for how you can recognize the different parts of speech.

  • By that, I mean, like, how do you know?

  • Is this a noun?

  • Is it an adverb?

  • Is it an adjective?

  • Is this a verb?

  • How do you identify that?

  • Also, another thing to keep in mind and the words you've chosen are great.

  • Examples is that even though words sometimes begin with the same set of letters, they don't have the same meaning.

  • So let's take the words that you've provided and expand on them a little bit.

  • And then let's look at how we can identify the different parts of speech as a noun simulation as an adjective, simultaneous as an adverb simultaneously and as a verb simulate so you can already hear the pronunciations air different, especially with simulation and simulate and simultaneous and simultaneously.

  • Okay, so with that in mind, let's first look at how we can identify different parts of speech based on a couple of hints.

  • First, there are a couple of spelling hints that you can think about.

  • Please keep in mind this is not a rule.

  • This is just a hint that you can use when you see a word that ends in L.

  • Why in this case, we have the word simultaneously.

  • It might be a hint that that word is an adverb.

  • There are many adverbs that end in l y so like happily Thoughtfully.

  • Unfortunately, hopefully in this case simultaneously ends in l Y.

  • Please keep in mind, though, that not all words that end in l why are actually adverbs.

  • So you need to also think about the position of the word in the sentence.

  • We can also think of words that end in things like E d or T i o n Similarly so, words ending in e.

  • D might be regular past tense verbs.

  • Words that end in T I o N, for example, might be knowns.

  • So once you recognize a few common spelling patterns that are associated with certain parts of speech, you can start to identify clearly which words are adverbs, which are adjectives and so on.

  • So again, this is not a perfect rule, but it can be a helpful guide if you're not sure.

  • So let's move along to looking at a full sentence to understand the part of speech.

  • Let's begin by looking at our noun here simulation in an example.

  • Sentence.

  • Let's do a simulation.

  • Okay, so if we saw this sentence and we wanted to understand the word simulation, how could we do that?

  • There are some hints in the sentence.

  • Actually, first simulation comes after the indefinite article.

  • We know that when we use an indefinite article, we follow the article with a noun.

  • So that's one hint.

  • We also see that the word simulation is not followed by any other word, so we can guess that it's probably not an adjective that's modifying another word.

  • We also noticed the positioning of a simulation comes after the verb do So do what?

  • So we're doing some activity in this case because we know the verb is Do we can guess that the following word is some kind of activity and is therefore a noun phrase.

  • So in this case, we have several hints that can guide us to determining.

  • Is this announces The verb is an adjective.

  • So with all of these hints, together we can see simulation is a noun to go back to the spelling suggestion of the spelling guide I mentioned before Simulation ends in that T I O N.

  • That's a common pattern for now endings, or it's one that many knowns have, So let's do the same thing.

  • But let's focus on identifying an adjective now.

  • Our example.

  • Sentence.

  • Have you ever done simultaneous interpretation?

  • Okay, so here, if we don't know the word simultaneous and we want to identify the part of speech, how do we do that?

  • Here we see simultaneous comes before another word interpretation.

  • So interpretation is a noun.

  • We see that T i o n ending there.

  • So that's a great hint that maybe this is a noun, so it's simultaneous.

  • Could be an adjective.

  • This is one hint that we can use.

  • We also see that this expression simultaneous interpretation comes after done.

  • Have you ever done from grammar practice?

  • We know have you ever done is followed by some activity?

  • We need some activity to follow that phrase.

  • Have you ever done this thing before?

  • So that's another pretty good indicator that there's some noun phrase there, but we know that interpretation is the noun.

  • So maybe simultaneous is modifying that now.

  • So these air a couple of hints we can use to determine.

  • Is this an adjective?

  • Is this a noun?

  • In this case, it's an adjective.

  • So it's modifying interpretation, simultaneous interpretation.

  • It's giving us extra information about the noun word there.

  • Interpretation.

  • So this is how we might identify an adjective.

  • Let's move on, then, to the word simultaneously.

  • How might we identify an adverb in a sentence?

  • Adverbs can be a little bit tricky, depending on the adverb, because sometimes we can place adverbs like the beginning or the middle or the end of a sentence.

  • Let's look at an example sentence with simultaneously.

  • Many people in the crowd were laughing and crying simultaneously.

  • Okay, so in this example sentence, we already see our spelling hint that we can use.

  • There's the L Y ending for this word.

  • We also see that the word comes at the very end of the sentence.

  • This is a position that adverbs can be placed in.

  • Also, we see simultaneously comes after these two actions, laughing and crying.

  • So there are actions happening in the situation, and we have this other word at the end of the sentence.

  • That's giving Maur information about it, so that tells us that this is probably an adverb.

  • It's giving us more information about the action's happening in the situation.

  • So these are a few hints that we can use to identify an advert.

  • Finally, let's take a look at identifying a verb.

  • We simulated weather patterns for next week.

  • Here, our focus word is simulated, simulated.

  • So going back to our spelling guide, we know that some words that end in E.

  • D.

  • Our simple past tense regular verbs.

  • So this is a pretty good example of one such case, so simulate in present, Tense becomes simulated in past tense.

  • We also see the position of this word in relation to the other words in the sentence.

  • The subject.

  • We is followed by this word simulated.

  • And then there's this noun phrase weather patterns.

  • So something is happening here, weather patterns as a noun, and we have a subject.

  • And then there's this place that's just right for a verb for some action here.

  • So we can guess from these few hints that simulated is probably a verb from the situation.

  • So again, this is just kind of a rough guide.

  • And as you get more practice and you can identify more spelling patterns and the ways that words are commonly positioned, this will become easier.

  • But the other point, the other big point that I want to make in my answer to this question is something that I mentioned at the beginning of my answer, which is that even though these words share the same 1st 4 letters, they don't have the same meanings so simultaneous and simultaneously refer to things happening.

  • At the same time, Simulation and simulate refer to making a model of something and like creating a model of a thing happening.

  • So even though these words do share spellings, at least at the beginning of the word, they do not share meanings.

  • That is something that will come with study and with practice.

  • So I hope that this helps you.

  • And I hope that this helps you be able to identify words in a sentence to thanks very much for sending this question.

  • Okay, let's move on to your next question.

  • Next question comes from Ricardo Gallardo.

  • Hi, Ricardo, Ricardo says.

  • What is the difference between sense and feel?

  • It depends a little bit on how they are used for this answer.

  • Let's focus on using these words as verbs.

  • So when we use the verb feel, we use it to talk about our emotions or our physical condition.

  • I feel sad today.

  • Are you feeling okay?

  • You look a little sick.

  • That massage felt so good.

  • I feel this is enough.

  • Example sentences.

  • So let's compare this to the verb sense.

  • We use sense to explain our opinions or our ideas, yes, but we do this with relationship to information we received indirectly.

  • So when we used feel, we're talking about our emotions, our physical condition, when we use sense, it's like were just making a guess about something.

  • I sensed some tension in the room.

  • She sensed he was angry with her.

  • So in these example, sentences in these example situations.

  • Rather, there's not necessarily information being provided directly like maybe there is some specific way that a person looks at someone else or there's like a certain choice of vocabulary words in a meeting, and you don't have direct, like, clear information about the situation.

  • But there's a feeling there when we want to describe that or make a guess about that we can use the word sense.

  • We would not use the word feel the verb feel to do that.

  • Another great example is like the famous quote from Spider Man.

  • Like he says, my spider sense is tingling.

  • So a sense in this case, it's being used as a noun.

  • But the idea remains the same that, like there's some kind of feeling.

  • It's an indirect sort of thing.

  • But you get a feeling that something is happening.

  • There is some kind of sensation somehow, like in your mind or maybe just in the air that something is happening.

  • So we use sense to describe that.

  • We used to feel more for, like, physical things or for like emotions, for things that are a little bit more direct and more clear.

  • So I hope that this helps you understand the difference between sense and feel.

  • If you want to use sense to talk about things that are clear, it's going to sound a little weird, like I sense you are sad today.

  • You sound like I don't know, like a Jedi or something.

  • It sounds kind of weird.

  • If you can clearly see like Oh, you look sad today or Are you feeling sad today?

  • That sounds much more natural.

  • If you use sense for things that are pretty obvious, it's going to sound strange.

  • So I hope that this helps you.

  • Thanks very much for the question.

  • Okay, let's move on to your next question.

  • Next question comes from Carol Marino High.

  • Carol Carol says.

  • Hi, Alicia.

  • I don't know how to use in order to Can you help me?

  • Yes, your people use in order to to mean for the purpose of, but when you're using it to make positive statements, it's actually redundant.

  • So redundant means it's extra.

  • It's like you have two things that serve the same purpose so you don't actually need to use in order to, because the infinitive form of a verb to plus the verb has the meaning off in order to do something for the purpose of doing something.

  • So let's look at some examples in order to arrive on time, we need to leave for the airport.

  • Now you need to study every day in order to learn a new language.

  • So in both of these example, sentences we can remove in order and the meaning remains like we don't need to use in order.

  • In the positive, you can just include two plus the verb, and you're fine in the negative.

  • However, it can be important to use in order not to or you can use in order to not.

  • There is some debate about which is the correct way to use it.

  • But in my mind, since there's no communication problem and both forms are used, you can choose.

  • But when you're using this in the negative, you should use in order not to do something, because this can help you avoid some confusion.

  • So let's see some examples in the negative.

  • We should carefully review our plans in order not to make any mistakes.

  • He should leave early in order not to be late for class.

  • These air patterns that you can use if you like.