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  • Your car has stalled somewhere deserted, your airplane makes a crash landing,

  • or you're trying to survive after our civilization has finally crumbled.

  • You may need the skills to continue life after your luxuries have been taken away,

  • but how? The main necessities for survival are water, food, shelter, warmth and clothing.

  • So, let's start with water. It will be integral to search for a fresh water source

  • but once found, it won't be immune to disease. You'll need to boil the water for five minutes to kill potentially harmful bacteria and

  • additional toxins are likely proteins that will denature at high heat.

  • You can consume water from cacti by cutting off sections of the cactus and mashing them into a container. In colder climates you can eat

  • fresh snow with dense ice being the best source. If you can't get to fresh water,

  • dew can be collected in limp fabric and rainwater can be collected from leaves and divots and rocks.

  • Don't waste water on quenching your lips. You can suck on a button or pebble to help with dry mouth and thirst

  • temptation. Once water is found drink it slowly over a long period of time.

  • This allows the body to utilize it efficiently and will inhibit nausea. Now for food.

  • You'll have to suck it up and eat insects, crickets, mealworms, and other critters are high in protein vitamins and minerals

  • which are essential to survival. You're also an intimidating animal and in most cases owls wolves and foxes

  • will leave their caught prey if you appear

  • which you can then take. There will likely be lactic acid present in the meat if the prey had to run so it will be

  • tough and spoil faster than freshly caught, but if cooked immediately it should be fine. After a month without vitamin C

  • you can start to feel weak as your body struggles to heal itself. This is because vitamin C

  • Is integral to biological pathways that build collagen, the structural protein that causes wound healing.

  • Boiling spruce needles in water to create a tea will provide you with the equivalent vitamin C

  • level as a fresh glass of orange juice.

  • One of the easiest animals to capture is rabbit as they rely so heavily on

  • camouflage and are easy to get close to you once spotted.

  • But you can't survive off rabbit alone as they are such a lean meat

  • so you'll need to find more fat. So much of our lipid intake comes from staples such as

  • butter, milk, salad oil or ice cream, things that are sort of hard to find in the wild,

  • so you'll need to actively seek out fat eating some plants and berries can be deadly so think like a squirrel and eat acorns

  • They're high in fat and always safe. The bitter taste comes from the organic

  • substance tannin which is found in tea and beer. If you boil the acorns for two hours

  • you'll decrease the bitter taste and then leave them to dry or grind them into a paste and make pancakes.

  • All aspects of the dandelion are edible, too.

  • You can also boil them to decrease bitterness as well. Maple tree seeds are also a fun snack that is high in essential

  • nutrients and fat. It will be nutritionally valuable to catch fish

  • but there are alternatives that don't need to be caught.

  • Seaweed is extremely nutritious and abundant. It can be boiled, steamed, fried, or eaten raw and

  • rock cleaning mollusks are also rampant along the Pacific coast of North America.

  • An obvious way to cook meat is over a campfire with a stick

  • but you can steam food by digging a hole adding hot rocks to it and covering it with wet

  • vegetation or seaweed. Add the food on top and slowly pour water

  • and the hot rocks will create steam. To create heat

  • you'll need fire so always have matches or a lighter handy, but in desperate times

  • you can hit two rocks together for sparks.

  • Keep your eyes peeled for iron pyrite, a type of flammable

  • mineral that is mined for its combustible properties. Another safe option is the classic magnifying glass binocular lenses

  • which can work as well. Once you get sparks

  • you'll need a tinder, the name for materials that can ignite easily.

  • Examples are shredded birch bark, dry moss, lichen, grass,

  • evergreen needles, and the bark of all cedar trees. Once lit you'll want to lay the ends of sticks in the fire and then push

  • them into the flame slowly as they're consumed. This is an efficient way to keep your fire going for longer.

  • You don't want to light a fire within your shelter for obvious reasons and

  • proper ventilation is needed to stop any chance of carbon monoxide poisoning

  • A shallow cave is an ideal shelter putting your fire a safe distance in front for warmth. In the woods breaking off branches and making

  • a leaning structure is simple and effective, too.

  • Angle the gradual incline

  • towards the wind and start building the walls from the bottom up. Use a stick to make a drain around the structure for a rainwater

  • to drain. As for a comfy bed pine needles, dry moss, leaves, and ferns are the Casper mattress of your

  • post-apocalyptic life. In the winter don't dress too

  • warmly as your body is capable of regulating temperature and perspiring can lead to dehydration. On the way out

  • you'll want to grab boots and thick wool socks.

  • Leave your skinny jeans at home as you'll need extra room around the knees for dexterity. Look for clothes with as many pockets as possible,

  • preferably ones that can close, and loose cotton shirts will provide better protection from insects. Oil driven from animal fats can be used to grease

  • footwear and help keep them resistant to water, and the down feathers caught from any birds can be shoved beneath your clothes for warmth when

  • needed. Now rewatch this video and take notes as when it comes time to fend for yourself access to information on the Internet

  • will likely not be an option. Good luck.

  • And if you want to see how some of the richest people in the world are already

  • prepping for the apocalypse, watch our second video here by clicking on the screen or using the link in the description. Seriously,

  • they're called Preppers, and they're already getting ready. And subscribe for more weekly science videos every Thursday.

Your car has stalled somewhere deserted, your airplane makes a crash landing,


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B2 中上級

黙示録を生き残る方法 - 科学的な生存のヒント (How To Survive The Apocalypse - Scientific Survival Tips)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日