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  • Hello.

  • You've been eating Pop-Tarts.

  • (Laughter)

  • I resisted. It looks fantastic though.

  • Well now, what a day we're having, absolutely inspirational, fantastic.

  • I saw Romeo Dallaire remark on these geese earlier on,

  • and I considered these geese, Canada geese.

  • They're all over the world, you know.

  • (Laughter)

  • They're taking over the world. A bit like Shakespeare.

  • Shakespeare surrounds us.

  • The Shakespeare we're enormously familiar with,

  • but the Shakespeare that we know and we don't know.

  • And of course, every day, we're quoting Shakespeare but we don't know it.

  • ShakespeareWe don't know a great deal about the man.

  • What we know about him is generally through his works.

  • He was a man, just like you and me,

  • he lived his life, felt great joy and great sadness,

  • tremendous success and great tragedy.

  • In Canadatalk about Shakespeare surrounding us

  • we have the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Ontario,

  • that's the biggest theatre festival, I might add, in North America.

  • We have... that's right!

  • (Applause)

  • We have Bard on the Beach Shakespeare here in Vancouver.

  • We've got Shakespeare festivals in between. In America,

  • Americans love their Shakespeare,

  • they have Ashland, Oregon,

  • lots of Shakespeare's festivals through America.

  • You have The Globe in London,

  • and, of course, The Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon.

  • So, Shakespeare is alive and well, but since you leapt out of bed this morning,

  • and you've had this wonderful day here,

  • I'm sure most of you are very much unaware

  • that you've been quoting Shakespeare all day.

  • Let me give you a bunch of examples.

  • First of all, I want you to do something for a change.

  • When I point at you and beckon you on,

  • I want you to say, "Quoting Shakespeare".

  • Now, come on, with all that energy from the Pop-Tarts,

  • give it a go.

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • That's pretty good. Once more, even louder

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • If you cannot understand my argument and declare, "It's Greek to me", you are...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • If you claim to be, "More sinned against than sinning", you are...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • If you, "Recall your salad days", you are...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • If you act more in sorrow than in anger, if your wish is father to the thought,

  • if your lost property has vanished into thin air, you are...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • If you've ever refused to budge an inch or suffered from green-eyed jealousy,

  • if you've been played fast and loose, been tongue-tied, a tower of strength,

  • hoodwinked or in a pickle,

  • if you have knitted your brows, made a virtue of necessity,

  • insisted on fair play, slept not one wink,

  • stood on ceremony, danced attendance on your lord and master,

  • laughed yourself into stitches, had short shrift, cold comfort

  • or too much of a good thing.

  • If you've seen better days or lived in a fool's paradise,

  • why, be that as it may, the more fool you,

  • for it is a foregone conclusion that you are,

  • as good luck would have it...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • If you think it is early days and clear out bag and baggage,

  • if you think it is high time

  • and that that is the long and the short of it, if you believe that the game is up

  • and that truth will out even if it involves your own flesh and blood,

  • if you lie low till the crack of doom because you suspect foul play,

  • if you have your teeth set on edge at one fell swoop without rhyme or reason,

  • then, to give the devil his due,

  • if the truth were known -- for surely you have a tongue in your head, you are...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • Even if you bid me good riddance and send me packing,

  • if you wish I was as dead as a door-nail,

  • if you think I am an eyesore, a laughing stock, the devil incarnate,

  • a stony-hearted villain, bloody-minded or a blinking idiot, then, by Jove!

  • O Lord! Tut, tut! For goodness' sake! What the dickens!

  • But me no buts - it's all one to me, for you are...

  • Audience: Quoting Shakespeare!

  • There you are.

  • (Applause)

  • So, Shakespeare surrounds us.

  • Let's look at the private man that I alluded to a moment ago.

  • The private man,

  • the playwright in London, the producer, the actor.

  • There's a gorgeous little sonnet. A sonnet is a 14 line poem,

  • and Shakespeare wrote over 150 of those.

  • And this particular oneit's perhaps one of the best known pieces of poetry,

  • I think, probably in the world

  • "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day".

  • Now generally this little piece of poetry

  • is said, or recited, or written down, for great occasions,

  • weddings, birthdays, celebrations.

  • But there's a theory that in fact, nestling inside this poetry,

  • if you think of it another way, Shakespeare, we didn't know,

  • and the mystery that surrounds all that,

  • that in fact, this little sonnet was a eulogy.

  • Shakespeare had 3 children, one of them was a son.

  • His little boy was called Hamnet,

  • not Hamlet, this one is H-A-M-N-E-T.

  • The other one H-A-M-L-E-T is a very good play he wrote. (Laughter)

  • But his son was called Hamnet

  • and he got word, when he was working away in London,

  • that Hamnet was very sick.

  • Now, here's the man, the man like you and me,

  • living his life and now crisis hits.

  • And of course he has to go. He has to go from London.

  • If we were to drive from central London to Stratford-upon-Avon now,

  • where his family were, that would probably take us, if we had a good run, a little over 90 minutes.

  • But in those days, it was 3 days!

  • So, Shakespeare took off and he got there,

  • and when he got to Stratford,

  • he was met by his family

  • and he found out that his son was dead, buried.

  • There was nothing left to do.

  • But, what could he do apart from comfort his family?

  • But to survive it, what was he going to do?

  • You imagine the heartache.

  • I like to imagine that perhaps, after everyone had gone to bed,

  • he stayed up, with a candle and his quill pen.

  • And he wrote and he did what Shakespeare could do best of all.

  • Through words, he could express his feelings.

  • And I like to think he wrote this little poem "Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day",

  • and he talks about eternity in the poem,

  • and as long as men can breathe and eyes can see, this lives forever.

  • That this froze little Hamnet in time in his mind,

  • to be an immortal in Shakespeare's lifetime.

  • Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

  • Thou art more lovely and more temperate.

  • Rough winds do break the darling buds of May,

  • And summer's lease hath all too short a date.

  • Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,

  • And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

  • And every fair from fair sometime declines,

  • By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimmed;

  • But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

  • Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

  • Nor shall Death brag thou wand'rest in his shade,

  • When in eternal lines to Time thou grow'st.

  • So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

  • So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

  • A eulogy? I don't know. It's beautiful.

  • There's a mystery about it, as there is about so much of Shakespeare,

  • and I think that's part of the magic of it all.

  • Now is the winter of our discontent.

  • How is the winter of our discontent?

  • My goodness gracious! Look at Europe right now.

  • Occupy Wall Street, occupy everywhere else...

  • (Laughter)

  • Well, it sounds positively Shakespearean,

  • but in times like this,

  • when there's so much going on in the world,

  • and it's all so deeply complicated,

  • this is a time, I think, that if we could skip back, skip forward 400 years

  • that Shakespeare would thrive.

  • This is a time for great initiative, great inspiration, great leadership.

  • This is time for heroes, I think, to help to show us the way.

  • Shakespeare was rich in heroes too.

  • Look at Henry V – We few, we happy few, we band of brothers.

  • Wonderful stuff. And then,

  • "Now is the winter of our discontent." Who was that?

  • Richard, Duke of Gloucester. It's the opening line of Richard III.

  • Richard III, what does he want?

  • He wants trouble. He wants trouble and he doesn't care.

  • He's willing to risk everything. Talk about being bold!

  • His elder brother is the king, there's another brother in between.

  • The king, he has two prince sons. So Richard, Duke of Gloucester,

  • the younger brother, is never going to be king!

  • Not unless something fantastic happens.

  • But he's gonna force that. And he tells us all about it.

  • of the top of Richard III, malevolent, dangerous,

  • but nevertheless, we as an audience,

  • he seduces us,

  • we become complicit in his dreadful plans.

  • And it's the most extraordinary feeling, sitting in the audience watching him,

  • Richard, lay waste to all these people, and sitting there thinking,

  • "Yes! Yes! Yes!" It's an awful feeling.

  • (Laughter)

  • Richard III, deformed, as he calls himself.

  • The traditional withered left side, the crook back,

  • "Now is the winter of our discontent.

  • Made glorious summer by this son of York;

  • And all the clouds that low'r'd upon our house.

  • In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.

  • Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths;

  • Our bruised arms hung up for monuments;

  • Our stern alarums changed to merry meetings,

  • Our dreadful marches to delightful measures.

  • Grim-visaged war hath smooth'd his wrinkled front;

  • And now, instead of mounting barbed steeds

  • To fright the souls of fearful adversaries,

  • He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber

  • To the lascivious pleasings of a lute.

  • But I, that am not shaped for sportive tricks,

  • Nor made to court an amorous looking-glass;

  • I, that am rudely stamp'd, and want love's majesty

  • To strut before a wanton ambling nymph;

  • I, that am curtail'd of this fair proportion,

  • Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,

  • Deformed, unfinish'd, sent before my time

  • Into this breathing world, scarce half made up,

  • And that so lamely and unfashionable

  • That dogs bark at me as I halt by them;

  • And therefore, since I cannot prove a lover,

  • To entertain these fair well-spoken days,

  • I am determined to prove a villain

  • And hate the idle pleasures of these days.

  • It has been a hard day's night

  • and I've been working like a dog! (Laughter)

  • It's been a hard day's night

  • and I should be sleeping like a log!

  • But when I get home to you, I find the things that you do

  • will make me feel alright.

  • (Laughter)

  • (Applause)

  • So that, perhaps, was the Shakespeare you did not know.

  • (Laughter)

  • Tweet that!

  • (Laughter)

  • Thank you very much!

  • (Applause)

Hello.

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TEDx】シェイクスピアはどこにでもある。クリストファー・ゲイズがTEDxVancouverで (【TEDx】Shakespeare is everywhere: Christopher Gaze at TEDxVancouver)

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    阿多賓 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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