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  • Hi friends, welcome back to a new lesson. Well today’s lesson is for all of you who

  • are writing emails regularly, who make official documents and you deal with numbers while

  • doing your work, right? So there are certain times we need to write numbers as in a numerical

  • form and there are certain times you need to spell them, right? But we do get confused

  • as in when to write in numerical and when to spell out a number. Well I have a few tips

  • for you let’s take a look. So first let’s see, when to spell out numbers. Now supposing

  • you have number that is less than ten, okay? So for example if I say, two people or two

  • participants are attending the conference, okay? Or if I want to say nine letters were

  • sent out, okay? So if the number is less than ten, it is always better to spell out the

  • number, okay? The next one is, when you start a sentence with a number, now for example,

  • in this sentence I have written ‘15 children were at the concert.’ If you see I have

  • used the numerical form, but well friends, remember when you start a sentence with a

  • number it is always better to spell it out. So this is not the correct way, what you need

  • to do is, spell out a number when you start a sentence with a number. So this will be

  • the correct way of writingFifteen children were at the concert’, okay? Do remember

  • these small things because there are times probably you are sending out an email and

  • you are in a hurry, so you do the short cut and you write the numerical, don’t do that,

  • spell it out. So remember when you start the sentence, spell out the number. Okay, well

  • the next one is in formal writing. Now I have a sentence here, say for example, I’m writing

  • an email and I’m sending two files attached okay? So I’m going to sayPlease find

  • attached the 2 fileswell here, it’s a formal email and like I said in my first

  • rule, if it is less than ten, please spell it out. So even here you have 15 but because

  • it’s an email you are probably sending to your vendor, to your clients or may be to

  • your managers, to your superiors, please follow the correct rule, spell it out. Okay, the

  • next one is 8 O’clock. Now supposing I’m confirming a meeting with you, okay, via email

  • and I say okay, let’s meet tomorrow at 8 O’clock at your office, when you have O’clock,

  • right, the whole number, so 8 O’clock, of course you don’t say 8:30 O’clock, but

  • when you have 8 O’clock, 9 O’clock again you need to spell out so this is incorrect,

  • you always say or you always write, eight O’clock, okay friends? Remember this or

  • probably, four O’clock. Fine, so remember this when you have O’clock, you do not use

  • numerical form, you spell out the number eight O’clock, four O’clock, three O’clock

  • or whatever time you are mentioning with O’clock, okay? So these are the basic rules you follow

  • and you need to spell out the numbers. Okay so when you have a number less than ten. When

  • you begin a sentence with a number, spell it out. When you are writing an official document

  • or an email, for example like this, do spell it out and well when you have O’clock, you

  • spell it out eight O’clock, Nine O’clock, etc. Okay? So these are the basic rules you

  • follow, I mean when to spell numbers out. Now let’s look at when do we write numbers,

  • okay? So first if you see my example here, players 10, 15 and 45. Now example, say there

  • is a match going on and the players in jerseys have numbers okay they are called nomining

  • numbers because they are identity. So I have a T-shirt, a jersey which says 10 it just

  • has 10 that means my identity is I’m player 10. So in such times you have players with

  • the numbers I a numerical form. You do not say player ten, no. Because this becomes their

  • identity, so you can write 10, the numerical form. Well another example is, you are sending

  • out your official address to someone, in an email and you have your zip code mentioned

  • there, so obviously in a zip code you have a numerical form of the number, you do not

  • spell out, so you, for example you say 423052, that’s your zip code, so you are going write

  • it in the numeric form and not spell it out for a zip code. Okay, well the next one is

  • 25%, 2/3, 5 & ½. So this means for fractions and percentage you can write the whole, the

  • numerical form. Well friends just a small advice, if you are sending an email it is

  • always nice to spell out percentage, if you don’t it’s all right, but like I said

  • it is a more formal way spell out percentage. So you have 2/3 you have 5 & ½. So you have

  • to write, two hyphen third, you can write it in a numeric form, 5 & ½ you can write

  • it in a numeric form. So when you have percent and fractions, please go ahead and use a numerical

  • forms. Well the next one is 5 feet, 10 inches. Well you can also write this as 5’ 10”,

  • okay? I’ve just spelled it out but you can write 5’ 10”. So this means for measurements,

  • okay? So when you measurements, you can go ahead and write the numerical form and say

  • for example in a recipe if I want to say take 2 cups of sugar or take 1 table spoon of oil,

  • you can use the numerical form when you are talking about recipe in terms of measurements.

  • Okay, well the next one I have something time related here, so have 8 AM, 4 PM. Now when

  • you have AM & PM you need not spell out the number, use a numerical form, unless you are

  • using O’clock, then you will spell out eight O’clock, like we just learnt here. But if

  • you have AM & PM, you don’t spell out the time, you use the numerical form. Okay, so

  • remember this. Well the next one is, ‘the club raised $100 for charity’. Now we did

  • learn that when you are writing formally it is always better to spell it out, but you

  • know you often see this in newspapers, internet, magazine, tabloidswhen they have the heading

  • or they have an article and they want to highlight or they want to bring out a particular figure

  • or a number, they always use the numerical form for two reasons (1) is you save space

  • and (2) it is easy for the readers to scan the information they need or to pick on to

  • figures quickly and that is when magazines, newspapers, tabloids, internet articles always

  • prefer using the numerical form to save number and to make it or to highlight easily or to

  • make it easier for the readers to scan the information or the figures that they need,

  • okay friends? So these are the few times when you use numbers in the numerical form so a

  • quick recap, when you have players because their identity, nominal numbers, they could

  • be zip codes, they could be cell phone numbers. Next a percent, fractions you use the numerical

  • form, you have for measurements 5’ 10”, 2 cups, 3 KGs, okay? You have AM, PM. So remember

  • when you are talking, or when you are writing time in an email and if you want to use AM

  • & PM, you will write the numerical number for the time. And the last one is well newspapers,

  • internet, articles and magazines for their headlines and articles they prefer using the

  • numerical form of the number because it saves space and it is easier for people for scan

  • out the information or know exact figure what you are talking about, right? So well, this

  • is how we use numbers in writing, spelling them out and writing them in a numerical form.

  • Well this brings me to the end of this lesson, I hope you enjoyed watching it, go ahead and

  • use your numbers in written English correctly, I’ll be back soon with a new lesson till

  • then take care and bye.

Hi friends, welcome back to a new lesson. Well today’s lesson is for all of you who

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A2 初級

数字の書き方でよくある英語の間違い - スペルや書き方のタイミング - IELTSライティングのコツ (Common English Mistakes made with Writing Numbers - When to Spell or Write - IELTS Writing Tips)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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