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  • Hello, Welcome to another.

  • I'll straight ing video.

  • In this video, we're looking at academic task one structure and how you can apply it to the Eilts writing exam.

  • If you find this video helpful, come and join us at the Forum Islets network.

  • Don't come.

  • And for more videos like this one, visit my vlog at Child's writing blawg dot com.

  • Before we talk specifically about the structure, we first need to understand the difference between a data source and a data trend here on the screen.

  • We have a very simple line graph.

  • This line graph shows the average daily milk beverage product consumption among adults, age groups in Canada, and the figures are shown in milliliters.

  • This entire graph is one data source.

  • Within the graph, we see a line that is showing a downward trend.

  • So as a person ages in Canada, they consume less milk products.

  • This line is a data trend.

  • If we were to have a second line on this graph, so perhaps one line showing Kennedy and males and one line showing Canadian females, there would be two trends in this graph on your eyelids exam, you will have at least one data source.

  • Sometimes, too, and usually your data source will depict several different trends within it.

  • So the graph we have here is abnormally simple.

  • Okay, The next thing to understand before we can proceed to the structure itself is the difference between broad major and minor details within your task.

  • One data source.

  • So if we look specifically at this trend, the broad detail is the overall quality of this piece of information.

  • So this trend is moving downwards.

  • That is the broad detail.

  • It is a downward moving trend.

  • The minor details refer to the parts of the trend that move or develop or evolve in a similar fashion.

  • So from young adults to adults, this would be one minor trend.

  • And here we see a, um, a downwards movement.

  • Downwards progression from adults to middle aged would be another minor trend.

  • This minor trend moves down more rapidly than the first miner trend we saw between young adult and adult, and then between middle aged and we could we could stretch it out to elderly because the progression is fairly stable.

  • We could call this third part and other minor detail.

  • This minor detail would be described as a gradual drop between middle aged and elderly as faras milk beverage product consumption is concerned.

  • Now if we talk about minute details, minute details are specific figures within the trend.

  • So, for example, young adults consume just over 500 milliliters of milk beverage products.

  • Adults, however, consume 400 milliliters of milk beverage products on average.

  • Now, these single points of information are minute details.

  • The important thing to remember is that in your task one response you do not need to share every single minute detail you on Lee share the minute details that are significant.

  • The minute details that mark a point of change, um, in the data trends development.

  • So the important minute details when we look at this that a trend would be the beginning, the change in drop in the speed of the drop at adult again, the change that occurs at middle aged and finally the end at elderly we would in our writing we would likely not share the figure for older adults because this trend follows a similar progression.

  • So now you know the difference between a data source and at a trend.

  • Broad details, minor details and my new details.

  • Now let's talk about structure for your writing so has mentioned.

  • When you get into your files exam, you will be presented with either, um a single data source or you will be presented with two data sources.

  • The structure you will follow is different depending on what you are given.

  • So if you have a single data source, your structure will look like this.

  • If you have a double, if you're given to data sources, your structure will look like this.

  • The important thing to note is that both structures are very similar.

  • You have an overview section which is one paragraph long, and you have an analytical section which is either one paragraph long given single data servers given a single data source or it will be two paragraphs long given to data sources.

  • So let's talk about single data source structure.

  • In your single dinosaur structure, you will typically have two paragraphs.

  • The first paragraph will give an overview of the data source, and in this paragraph you will have two sentences.

  • The first sentence tells a boat the data type.

  • So what is the data type that you're shown?

  • Is that a line graph Is it a pine tree?

  • Is it a bar graph?

  • Is it a diagram?

  • Is it a table on you will explain what the information is.

  • So in the case, we were looking at it before it's average milk beverage consumption over the lifetime of a typical Canadian.

  • And in the second sentence, you will be sharing the broad details.

  • So in our simple line graph from before the broad detail was that it's it showed a downward trend, a fairly stable downward trend.

  • Okay, in the analytical section for your single datastore structure, you will have a paragraph that describes the minor and minute details.

  • Now we do not describe all of the minor details first, and then all of the minute details.

  • We have to, uh, we have to balance them as we describe the graph.

  • So we would typically share a minor detail and then perhaps a minute detail to punctuate it a minor detail and then a minute detail.

  • And it goes on like this.

  • And finally we should we write the conclusion sentence, which is typically the final figure that you're given in your data source.

  • So in the case of our simplified graft before this would be the figure given for elderly people.

  • If we're given to data sources, we start the writing with an overview paragraph, just like in the single data storage structure.

  • Your first sentence is going to declare is going to state what types of data sources you have been given.

  • So are these Lang graphs.

  • Is it a line graph and a pint shirt?

  • Is it a diagram and a table?

  • And what do these pieces of information show?

  • So what are the data source is showing?

  • The second sentence in your overview is going to state the relationship between the two sources, and often there is a broad detail that is created between the two of them.

  • So, for example, if you are given to pine charts that show information for two different points in time, typically those two charts will show some sort of major development or trend over that period of time.

  • And you would need to state clearly what that relationship is here.

  • The second part of this response is also very similar to singled out a sort of structure in that the second paragraph will deliver the minor detail minute detail, minor detail minute detail off the first data source that you were given.

  • Okay.

  • And you keep doing that until you have fully described the data source and then you share a conclusion, which is typically the final figure that you're given or if it's a cycle, he would be the final step in that cycle.

  • Or if it's a diagram, it would be the final parts of that diagram.

  • And then the same is true for paragraph three analyzing Dennis.

  • Yours, too.

  • You talk about the minor detail and any associate ID or significant minute detail, minor detail, minute detail and keep going until you reach a conclusion.

  • So as you can see thes three paragraphs and here are quite similar.

  • So as I was saying, um, although many people might think, you start talking broad and then you talk old L a butcher, minor details and then my new details.

  • This method of describing your data source is not correct.

  • What you want is to start by talking about the broad details that you're given and then move into the minor and my new details.

  • And typically you're going to share the broad details in the first paragraph of your response minor and my new details are shared together.

  • Minor details air shared.

  • And if a significant point arises, then in minute detail is shared too.

  • Ensure that you were clearly defining what is being shown in the data source.

  • So if we take this crap, which is a more complex Grafton, what we had seen before, uh, this graph shows my diet between 2009 and 2013.

  • Now, this is one single data source, as I was telling you, and within this data source, you see five different trends to describe the status source.

  • We would use single data source structure.

  • Now, the broad detail we see is that typically, um, some of the cuisines that are marked on this crap are negatively correlated with other cuisines.

  • So, for example, wth e Korean cuisine trend and the other cuisine trend are negatively correlated with the Indian cuisine trend and the Arabic cuisine trend.

  • Okay, so we would state that as our broad detail.

  • Now, when we go into talking about the minor and my new details, we might group certain trends together.

  • So, for example, Korean cuisine and other cuisine, they both start with a plateau and then they both fall to the same figure between 2012 in 2013.

  • So we had groupies.

  • When we talk about them thes figures we would also group.

  • This is Indian cuisine and Arabic cuisine because they start low at a plateau and then they both jump higher in 2012.

  • So one data source five data trends and each of these trends has minor and minute details that need to be described.

  • Here we have the same information shown in two data sources.

  • So these two pie charts show the difference in my diet between 2009 and 2000 and 13.

  • So we see that Arabic cuisine, which started at 4% I had a major jump to 43% in 2013.

  • Uh, this is Korean cuisine, which started a 40% fell to 3%.

  • So what you can see is that certain trends certain broad details are created between the two data sources, and you would have to state this in the first paragraph of your response.

  • And then you would go on to describe the two grafts themselves, the two white shirts themselves.

  • Now the same is true when we look at a schedule, so sometimes you will be given something that is cyclical.

  • So this is a weekly schedule for bus routes in Vancouver, and this would follow single data source structure, so we would only be writing in two paragraphs.

  • The first paragraph would states what the source is.

  • So this is a schedule, a bus schedule and it it shows Travel Times from Monday to Sunday.

  • What are the broad details here?

  • Well, the broad details are that there is heavier bus circulation between Monday and Friday.

  • Let's bust circulation on Saturday, and no, but circulation on Sunday.

  • That is the broad trend.

  • Now, the minor trends.

  • We can see certain patterns.

  • So if we look between Monday and Friday, there is heavier bus circulation between a TM and 11 a.m. and again between 4:30 p.m. And 7:30 p.m. So we can see here's one minor trend.

  • And here's another minor trend.

  • On Saturday there are more minor trends.

  • 8 to 11 minor trend for 30 to 7 30 Minor trend Sunday There is no service now.

  • The minute details is when we get very specific.

  • So if we look between eight and 11 we can see that the buses are coming or that this bus route, the bus comes every half hour.

  • So that is a minor detail.

  • Okay, The same thing occurs between 4 30 and 73 Bus comes every half an hour.

  • That's a very specific detail.

  • And when we were describing, we wouldn't say The bus comes at 4 30 then it comes in 5 30 that her story when it comes in five.

  • Then it comes in 5 30 And then it comes in six.

  • These air, too many minute details.

  • We would just group them together.

  • We would state that the bus runs between 4 37 30 and that it comes on the half hour, so that would be a minor detail, plus a minute detail.

  • Now, if you look at Saturday again, minor detail, the bus travels.

  • The bus runs between eight and 11 and it comes every hour.

  • That is a minor detail, plus a minute detail.

  • Then it comes between 4 37 30 and runs every hour again.

  • Another minor detail in minute detail.

  • Okay, so I hope that in subsequent videos we can use these to structure's single thatis restructure and double that it's our structure to create some effective task.

  • One responses.

  • Thank you for listening and have a nice evening.

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B1 中級

IELTSアカデミックタスク1のレスポンスの構成方法 (How to structure an IELTS Academic Task 1 response)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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