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  • access your free language gifts of the month Right now.

  • Here's what you're getting this month.

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  • Last time we talked about American supermarkets and how they're unique this time, we're going to look at how much it actually costs to live in New York City.

  • When you think about America, perhaps one of the first things that might come to mind is the bright lights and the fast pace of the big city, for sure.

  • In New York City, everyone who visits wants to go to the big tourist locations Central Park, Times Square, the Statue of Liberty.

  • But how much does it actually cost to live there?

  • In this video, we're going to talk about the actual living costs of New York City.

  • Let's start with the most basic thing.

  • You need to live in New York, an apartment without an apartment.

  • You can't really say you live in New York City, but if you want to live in the city, you should be prepared to live in a small space.

  • More than half of the apartments in New York City are 700 square feet or smaller.

  • That's about 65 square meters.

  • This could be for a studio apartment, which has no walls between the kitchen and the bedroom.

  • Or it could be a one bedroom apartment, which does have a separate bedroom.

  • These kinds of places cost on average $1890 or $2100 respectively.

  • So expect to pay a pretty high price if you want to live in the city.

  • But keep in mind that a separate payment is required for heat and water in your apartment.

  • For an average apartment about 915 square feet in New York City, about $145 is required for utility bills.

  • This covers heating, electricity, water and garbage for Internet and phone.

  • However, that's a totally separate payment One of the best things about living in New York City is how convenient things are.

  • If you walk down the street, you can quickly find a coffee shop, a bookstore or a supermarket.

  • Because of this, people who live there rarely have cars.

  • It's quite expensive to keep one in the city.

  • Instead, people use public transportation like buses or the subway.

  • For a monthly transit passed, you can expect to pay about $120.

  • And if you want to use a taxi, fares started $2.50.

  • New York City is known for its wide variety of delicious restaurants.

  • You confined food from all over the world.

  • You can get anything from a food cart hot dog to an expensive steak dinner in New York City.

  • Because of this wide variety, however, it's hard to determine a specific average for a meal.

  • With living in New York City, you can imagine going to concerts, shows, baseball games and so on.

  • But the cost of these can get pretty pricey.

  • If you want to see the latest film in New York City, you can expect to pay about $15 per ticket if you want to do something a little more exciting and check out a Yankees baseball game.

  • For example, it'll cost you about $50 a ticket.

  • And if you want to check out Broadway and see one of the latest shows, you can expect to pay about a couple $100 for the best seats.

  • There are lots of ways to determine the cost of living in New York City, but these are just a couple important aspects.

  • So how does New York City compared to big cities in your country?

  • What are some things that are different?

  • And what else would you like to know about American culture?

  • Let us know in the comments.

  • Hi, everybody.

  • My name is Alicia.

  • In this lesson, I'm going to talk about formal request patterns.

  • These air a few different patterns that you can use when you're making a formal request.

  • So these air great for business emails and other situations where you need to politely ask for something.

  • I'm going to introduce the patterns, and then I'm going to share a couple of examples as well.

  • These are not the Onley patterns you can use there just a few ideas to help you get started.

  • Don't let's take a look.

  • Okay, 1st 1 let's begin with the 1st 1 You'll see some of these patterns today will use the word would at the beginning.

  • Remember, we can use wood as a common word to begin a request.

  • So the first example includes this.

  • Would you be so kind as to something?

  • Another thing you'll see in many of these examples is the word two before kind of the extra information portion.

  • This is a great hint that we should follow this part with some kind of verb.

  • So two plus the infinitive form of over.

  • We'll see a lot of examples of this.

  • So the 1st 1 I've included be so kind as to do something.

  • So this is making a request and this part be so kind as to shows us that thes speaker is asking for the kindness of the listener or the reader in doing this action, which we're about to describe.

  • So let's look at an example of this.

  • Would you be so kind as to send me the files?

  • So here, the verb were using is send.

  • As I said, we need to follow this too, with the infinitive form of the verb Send and send me the files, finishes the phrase.

  • So would you be so kind as to send me the files means please send me the files, but it's a more formal sounding request.

  • You're saying it would be really nice of you if you would send me the files.

  • It just means Please send me the files, but it sounds more polite.

  • Okay, let's look at another one similar again.

  • This one begins with wood and ends with two in the introductory part of this pattern.

  • However, here we have a possible would it be possible to this sentence or this pattern.

  • Rather, this is another way of thing.

  • Can you?

  • Can you?

  • But would it be possible to sounds much more formal than can you or in some cases, can I?

  • So let's look at an example of this one.

  • Would it be possible to discuss this later?

  • Would it be possible to discuss this later again?

  • We have this to here, which shows us we should use the infinitive form of the verb, the regular form of liver, to discuss this later.

  • This part would it be possible to means can so In other words, can we discuss this later?

  • That's what this request is, but it sounds more formal.

  • Would it be possible to discuss this later?

  • We're connecting.

  • If you're using this in speech, we're connecting these sounds.

  • Would it be becomes would it be?

  • Would it be possible?

  • Would be possible to discuss this later.

  • Okay, so this is a good one to use for Can situations?

  • If you would use can in a regular request, you could try.

  • Would it be possible to in a formal request?

  • Okay, let's go along to the next 1 May we ask you to May we ask you to?

  • This is a formal way of saying Please, please, please do this thing.

  • So again, we're ending the pattern with two.

  • Here we have this kind of confusing.

  • Maybe.

  • May we ask you so you know that we use May to ask for permission to do something, but we're also using ask So really, this combination make a very soft request here.

  • I'm using we this we could mean your group or your company or your department.

  • Perhaps so may we ask you to is kind of making yourself sound quite humble.

  • So you're kind of lowering yourself and making a request from the other person.

  • But again, this just means Please, please.

  • We're just using a more formal expression again.

  • We're going to need to use the infinitive form here because we see two at the end of this introductory section.

  • So let's look at an example, All right.

  • May we ask you to submit the application by tomorrow?

  • So again to our infinitive form and here, May we ask you to submit the application by tomorrow?

  • I phrase this as a question.

  • Really?

  • If you're using, please, you could just say, please submit the application by tomorrow period.

  • Not a question mark here because we're being formal and polite.

  • We say, may we ask you to submit the application by tomorrow?

  • So may we ask you, It's like you're asking permission to ask for something from someone if that makes it so.

  • It's kind of a very soft expression, but, um, we're phrasing this as a question here again, This just means please submit the application by tomorrow.

  • Okay, on to the next one.

  • The next one is also a possibility.

  • Expression.

  • Do you think you would be able to so here we see would do you think you would be able to This means that in the future you're asking about someone's future ability is something that someone could do or would be able to do in the future.

  • So do you think you would be able to verb phrase here?

  • We should follow this with verb again.

  • This part do you think you would?

  • This is maybe kind of softening it instead of would you be able to its Do you think you would be able to here as well a pronunciation point?

  • This you Would we reduce this to you'd Do you think you'd be able to Do you think you'd be able to in speech in writing, we can use the regular form the non reduced the non contracted form.

  • Let's look at an example of how to use this.

  • Do you think you would be ableto have it ready by tomorrow?

  • So this could be a document.

  • For example, Do you think you would be ableto have it ready by tomorrow?

  • If we want to make this really, really simple?

  • Do you think you would be able to have it ready by tomorrow?

  • Is Can you have it ready by tomorrow.

  • That's really what this means.

  • It's just a very formal way of saying that.

  • Do you think he would be able to have it ready by tomorrow?

  • So it's quite soft.

  • It's like giving the other person a chance to say No, I'm really busy, but it means Can you Can you have it ready by tomorrow?

  • Do you think you would be able to have it ready by tomorrow?

  • Quite nice.

  • Okay, let's move along to the next one again.

  • We're starting this with wood, So another soft request pattern would you have some time available to?

  • So this is asking about someone's schedule.

  • Would you have some time available to verb?

  • We need to follow this with the first.

  • So let's look at the example.

  • Would you have some time available to chat about this?

  • So again, here's our two.

  • Our verb to chat about this.

  • Another case.

  • This just means Do you have time to chat about this?

  • But this Would you have some time available in the future, in other words, or do you think that it would be possible to chat about This is another way to say that so just a quite formal expression again.

  • Do you have time to chat?

  • In other words.

  • Okay, let's move along to the next one.

  • Ah, for very kind of direct requests, but that are also formal.

  • We can use a pattern like this I would like to request.

  • I would like to request here.

  • You noticed there's no two at the end of this, so we should probably use a noun phrase here.

  • There's something that you want to receive.

  • So I would like to request something example.

  • I would like to request your attendance at the meeting.

  • I would like to request your attendance at the meeting.

  • This is a formal sentence.

  • Which means please come to the meeting.

  • Please come to the meeting.

  • So I would like to request You can imagine this as meaning I want or need or please do this.

  • I would like to request something.

  • I would like to request a ah letter.

  • I would like to request an application form.

  • Please.

  • I would like to request your attendance at the meeting as well.

  • So these mean I want something.

  • But as I've got over here, tried to avoid using some of these expressions Informal requests I want and I need can sound very casual and to direct, especially in business situations.

  • When you're making a request, I tend to avoid using these.

  • If you're trying to give some supporting information for your request, maybe that's okay.

  • So, for example, I would like to request your attendance at the meeting because I need your approval for my project.

  • For example, in that case, using I need could be okay, But if you make your request your first kind of introduction to your request using I want or need In some cases, it might sound a little too direct.

  • So please kind of be cautious.

  • I tend to avoid the same thing with can I can I can sound a little bit, um, casual sometimes.

  • So you can kind of feel the situation and how close you are to the person you're speaking to or writing.

  • Okay, let's move along to the next one.

  • The next one is great in e mails and written correspondence.

  • So this is when you are maybe introducing yourself in an email or you're introducing a request in an Amen.

  • I am writing to request.

  • This is very clear.

  • I like to use this when I'm writing to someone that I don't know.

  • Ah, youth This after I introduced myself.

  • Hi, my name is Alicia.

  • I'm from ABC Company, and I am writing to request.

  • So this is another words.

  • Why am I writing to this person?

  • So I'm writing to request a meeting I'm writing to request to request this document.

  • For example, I'm writing to request known Freeze.

  • Here I am writing to request a letter of recommendation.

  • So, um, in other words, this is the thing I want.

  • I'm writing to request this thing.

  • This is great to use in e mails when there's some specific thing that you want and you want to describe it quickly and clearly.

  • That's quite nice.

  • All right, let's move along to the next one when you need to ask permission to do something.

  • So here.

  • You'll see.

  • We go back to this to at the end of the pattern.

  • Meaning we should use a verb here.

  • May I?

  • Or may we have permission to.

  • In other words, is it okay to?

  • But this is a formal way to ask permission.

  • Example.

  • Sentence example sentence.

  • May I have permission to use your video in an article.

  • So this is actually think this is a similar Similar to a comment we received on the channel.

  • May I have your permission to use your video in an article in this case?

  • So, in other words, is it okay if I use your video in an article?

  • This is a much more formal.

  • A much nicer way to ask if something is okay to do or not.

  • All right, let's move on to the last pattern for today.