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  • They call this the wooden

  • house district of Helsinki.

  • These beauties were built back in the early 1900s

  • so that the workers of Finland

  • could have nice places to live

  • and nice gardens to tend.

  • They're symbolic of Finland's famed

  • social support system that has made Finns

  • some of the happiest people on Earth.

  • Bless you, Finland, and your wheelbarrow gardens.

  • Of course, progress often has its own plans.

  • The workers here, for example, have been

  • replaced by artsy hipsters

  • seeking a trendy neighborhood.

  • And, soon enough, workers and hipsters all over the world

  • might be replaced by robots that don't care

  • about social systems or pretty gardens at all.

  • Hello robot overlords.

  • Here at Helsinki's most scenic garbage dump

  • are some hard-working robotic arms

  • from a company called ZenRobotics.

  • The Zen part obviously being some bizarre marketing ploy

  • because there's nothing calming about these things.

  • Their mission is to divvy up industrial trash,

  • sorting things like wood and metal into their own piles.

  • How do you get the robot to see that it's not wood,

  • that it's a piece of steel, a plastic bag?

  • All this stuff is so amorphous and different.

  • We use cameras, we use metal detectors,

  • we use 3D sensors, and we use also near infrared sensors.

  • The A.I. is able then to predict, okay,

  • what kind of material?

  • We tried to understand how is a human operator

  • sorting waste, and he is not picking it

  • and putting it here.

  • It picks and throws.

  • Yeah.

  • And we simulated the same movements,

  • so our robot opens the grip and lets the object fly.

  • And what do we know about

  • how accurate the robots are?

  • Depending on the different kind of waste,

  • we can go to a purity up to 90%.

  • Can we go take a closer look at the robots?

  • Yes, for sure, yes, let's go.

  • So, the waste comes up, goes on this conveyor belt,

  • and then this is where it's getting scanned--

  • Yes.

  • And then in this moment where it's getting scanned,

  • it's telling the robots down the line,

  • there's gonna be an object coming that I want you to grab.

  • Yes.

  • And then the arms start to go to work.

  • Yes.

  • The robot gets to pick which waste

  • and to throw it in which bin.

  • I mean, it does a really good job to me

  • of picking up these objects that are such different sizes.

  • Yep.

  • You can believe there are many man hours invested

  • to really develop a gripper, what is

  • able to grip totally different kind of sizes,

  • shapes and waste.

  • And I think that was one of the biggest challenges.

  • ZenRobotics recently put its robots

  • to work right here in the heart of Silicon Valley

  • at this massive garbage processing facility in San Jose.

  • Artificial Intelligence and trash

  • commingling in harmony.

  • Just the way nature intended.

  • Back in Finland, I took a drive from the dump to Espoo.

  • It's a city about 25 minutes outside of Helsinki

  • that is something of a tech suburb.

  • Nokia's once glorious headquarters are here,

  • and so too are its more sedate current headquarters.

  • And the Angry Birds are here too.

  • But I have not come to Espoo for disgruntled birds

  • or airborne pigs.

  • I have come to see some satellites.

  • This is the headquarters of Iceye.

  • It is one of a handful of start-ups that have built small

  • satellites that take constant pictures

  • of what's happening on Earth.

  • How many satellites have you guys put up today?

  • The commercial constellation that we operate right now

  • is three satellites.

  • Three satellites.

  • And then, your satellites, they're mini fridge sized?

  • The famous mini fridge, yeah!

  • And then you also want to try and surround

  • the earth with dozens, hundreds of these things?

  • Right, yeah.

  • So, we really want to make the system,

  • that allows you to sort of reliably, and accurately,

  • and objectively see everything at all times.

  • It's almost like having a sort of a MRI scan

  • for the earth.

  • Iceye satellites travel from pole to pole

  • every 45 minutes.

  • Rather than cameras, their three small sats

  • use something called synthetic aperture radar,

  • or SAR, to pound the earth with microwave signals

  • from low earth orbit.

  • They then use signals that are reflected back

  • from the earth to build images of the surface.

  • Unlike cameras, SAR can see through the cloudiest of days

  • and the darkest of nights.

  • Iceye combine this radar technology

  • with advanced image processing and computer vision

  • software to create highly detailed pictures.

  • Can we peak at some of these images, and--

  • Sure.

  • Walk through what you guys do?

  • So, this was an example of the hurricane Dorian,

  • in the Bahamas.

  • We were able to image this exactly when

  • the hurricane was on top of the island.

  • This is the island as it normally is.

  • And then, in the afterwards,

  • the land border used to be here.

  • And I think here, the really dramatic thing is that

  • all of these red dots are buildings fully submerged.

  • This is exactly what becomes insurance information to--

  • Yeah, so, you have proof that all

  • of this stuff flooded, and--

  • Yeah.

  • And proof is one thing, and then, of course,

  • just the ability to react.

  • Like, now what if you could trigger the payment

  • to these guys automatically?

  • So that people get to rebuild their lives,

  • and so forth.

  • Much more quickly, yeah, yeah.

  • Now here, we're looking at a large tanker, The Grace One.

  • It relates to the sanctions to Iran.

  • It became this big story, when it was impounded

  • in Gibraltar, when it was said that it was headed

  • towards Syria, with a tank full of Iranian oil.

  • This is an image from a while back

  • where we're able to see the Grace One ship here,

  • in the Iranian shores in January.

  • So, maybe the US knows where this tanker is.

  • The NSA knows, the CIA.

  • And they can choose to make public what they want.

  • But, basically, with you guys, there's a democratization

  • to all this, where anyone who's willing to pay

  • for your imagery, you know?

  • Yeah.

  • It's not just in the hands of these few governments now.

  • It's like everybody can know what's going on.

  • Yeah, I think that's part of the big story here.

  • In the case of this tanker, what was really interesting is,

  • was it full or was it not full?

  • How full was it? And so forth.

  • If it's full of oil, it's down in the water,

  • and you're getting something on the depth,

  • from like a shadow off the water, or something like that.

  • Yeah, exactly like this.

  • And then this is a mine, it's an open pit mine.

  • So, the more mundane use case here is just that

  • you monitor the progress of the mining activity.

  • But, of course, the safety of, is there some

  • displacement that is likely to cause landslides?

  • Or, is there some underground mining that

  • is likely to cause collapses?

  • When it started in 2014,

  • Iceye was the very first company

  • to build a commercial satellite in Finland.

  • Since then, it's raised more than 65 million dollars

  • from investors and plans to launch a constellation

  • of 18 small satellites in the next couple of years.

  • Right now, we're fully booked with customers.

  • So, there will be some governments.

  • There will be some insurance, some finance.

  • I mean, there's a ton of positive use cases

  • to all this stuff.

  • I do think some people, though, would be creeped out a bit,