字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント six from BBC learning english dot com. Hello, Welcome to six minute grammar with me. Finn on me, Alice. Hello. Today we're talking about defining relative clauses. That's right. Defining relative clauses will explain what they are. We'll look at how they work. We'll hear lots of examples on dhe. We'll have a quiz to practice what we've learned so on with the show. Let's start by looking at what relative clauses are on. How we maketh Um, yes, defining relative clauses give information about a noun in a sentence or question they define or give more information about the thing that we're talking about. And he is Katherine with our first example. Have you seen the shoes that I bought today? The defining relative clause is the phrase that I bought today on. It tells us which shoes Catherine is talking about. That's right. Katherine probably has several pairs of shoes. Adding the phrase that I bought today tells us exactly which shoes she means. So let's have a closer look at the grammar off relative clauses. We start with a noun, and then we add a relative pronoun, such as who or that plus a verb phrase, the relative pronoun who is for people. Katherine, the man who owns this restaurant, is my best friend. So the defining relative clause who owns this restaurant tells us exactly which man is Katherine's best friend. The pronoun, which is for things. And we use that for both people on dhe things. Here's an example with which spring is a season, which I enjoy the most. Me, too. So to give MME. Or information about a thing the season we heard the relative pronoun, which, plus the verb phrase I enjoy the most. Here's another example. That woman is the doctor who saw me yesterday. This time the pronoun who refers to the doctor and the doctor is the subject off the verb soul. The doctor saw Catherine right, who refers to the subject off the verb, the doctor who saw me yesterday. Now this next example is slightly different. Listen carefully. That woman is the doctor who I saw yesterday again, who refers to the doctor. But this time the doctor is the object off the verb sore. Catherine saw the doctor, so the rule is when the pronoun refers to the subject. It's she's the doctor who saw me yesterday. And when the pronoun refers to the object, it's she's the doctor who I saw yesterday. Now some people like to use whom, instead of who in object relative closes the doctor whom I saw. And that's fine, whom is correct here, although who is probably more common in spoken English these days? BBC learning english dot com on We're talking about defining relative clauses, and now it's quiz time. They're all about Harry Potter. Those questions. So if you like, the film may be easier for you at I'll say some key words, and you have to make them into a sentence with a defining relative clause. No, here's the 1st 1 Robbie Coltrane Acto play Hagrid, right? Robbie Coltrane is the actor who played Hagrid in Harry Potter. That's the one and another Hogwarts School. Harry Potter go right. Hogwarts is the school that Harry Potter went to. Very good last one. Her Miami Mary Ron Weasley. How Miami is the girl who married Ron Weasley or as an object clause. It's harmony. Is the girl who Ron Weasley married. Well done. If you got those right now, before we finish, there's just time to mention that in everyday English. It's find to leave out the pronoun completely when the relative pronoun is the object off the relative clause. For example, Khamenei is the girl who Ron Weasley married, becomes her. Miami Is the girl Ron Weasley married? Don't you think she should have married Harry? Well, I really think it's her mind. His choice, Alice. So that's the end of our brief look at defining relative clauses. They begin with a pronoun and go after the noun that you want to define. Yes, there's more about this on our website at BBC Learning english dot com, Join us again for more six minute grandma. Bye bye.