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  • six minutes from BBC learning english dot com.

  • Hello and welcome to six minute grammar with me, Katherine and Me.

  • Neil.

  • Hello Today we're talking about the present perfect on the past.

  • Simple tenses.

  • Yes, we're going to tell you how to form them and give you three rules to help you decide which one to use and when.

  • We'll also look at using ever and never with the present Perfect.

  • And we'll finish with a quiz right then.

  • Let's start with the present perfect aunt.

  • Here's our first example.

  • I've looked at the sales figures they've shot up by 20% so it's subject plus have or has plus a past participle to make past participles of regular verbs.

  • Ad e.

  • D to the main verb.

  • So look becomes looked.

  • But some verbs, like Shoot, are irregular.

  • The past participle of shoot is shot.

  • You just have to learn your irregular verbs.

  • That's right.

  • On Dhe.

  • We often use short forms in the present, perfect like I've he's on, they've now.

  • Here's an example of the past.

  • Simple.

  • I looked at the sales figures this morning.

  • They shot up by 20% last month for the past simple of regular verbs ad e d to the main verb.

  • So look becomes looked.

  • But don't forget those irregular verbs.

  • The past simple of go is went now it's often difficult to know which tends to use.

  • It can be.

  • So we've got some rules for you.

  • Listen to the first example again.

  • I've looked at the sales figures they've shot up by 20% and its present perfect here because we're focusing on what happened.

  • Not when, but in the second example, I looked at the sales figures this morning.

  • They shot up by 20% last month.

  • It's the past simple because we say when the actions happened.

  • So that's Rule one.

  • Use the president perfect to say what happened but the past simple for when or where something happened.

  • That's right Now near just a minute, because I actually I haven't eaten this morning on.

  • That's an example of the present perfect with a time phrase.

  • So sometimes we can use the present perfect to say when something happened when a situation started in the past and is still true or still happening.

  • Now he got his a biscuit because you haven't eaten anything this morning.

  • I haven't But if I said I didn't eat anything this morning with the past simple, it would mean it isn't morning anymore.

  • Now it's the afternoon or the evening.

  • Yes.

  • The action started and finished in the past.

  • You must be starving.

  • Goddamn you!

  • Go have another Thanks.

  • Thank you very much.

  • So that's rule too.

  • Use the present.

  • Perfect for events that started in the past and our continuing now and the past.

  • Simple for actions that started and finished in the past.

  • Nice biscuits, Neil six from BBC learning english dot com on We're talking about when to use that present perfect and the past Simple.

  • Now we often use the present perfect with ever and never for life experiences things we've done at some point in the past.

  • Here's a question for you, Catherine.

  • Okay.

  • Have you ever eaten insects?

  • I'm funnily enough near No, I've never eaten an insect and I don't think I ever will.

  • How about you?

  • Oh, yes.

  • Actually, I have the view in sex.

  • Yes, I've, er I've eaten aunt that were given to me by a friend from Colombia.

  • Very good.

  • So Rule Three use ever with the present perfect to ask about a past experience on Dhe, never to talk about an experience you haven't had.

  • But if you add information about time and place, used the past Simple i et insects last summer in Colombia and nearly use present.

  • Perfect in.

  • I have eatem insects because he was focusing on the event itself, not when it happened.

  • Well, actually, I wasn't focusing on anything.

  • I kept my eyes shut the whole time.

  • Didn't look very nice, right?

  • But they did, but they tasted all right.

  • Face it.

  • OK, it's now time for a quiz, Which is correct.

  • Number one.

  • Hey, I've bean for a job interview last week.

  • We'll be I went for a job interview last week, and it's B.

  • I went for a job interview last week.

  • Used the past simple When you say when something happened.

  • Number two.

  • I never went for a job interview or B.

  • I have never been for a job interview, and it's B.

  • I have never bean for a job interview.

  • We use a present perfect with Never and the last one a who has eaten all my biscuits or the who ej all my biscuits.

  • And that's a trick question because Actually, both are correct.

  • And by the way, Neil, it wasn't made.

  • I didn't eat all that means we have now come to the end of our program.

six minutes from BBC learning english dot com.

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A2 初級

現在の完全体と過去の単純体 - 6分間文法 (Present perfect and past simple - 6 Minute Grammar)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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