Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Hi. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is word stress in English. What's word stress?


  • Well, it's part of the rhythm of English, and it's what can help your English sound


  • much more natural. So we'll be looking at that. But more specifically, we'll be learning


  • some rules for word stress because you might understand it in principle, "Yeah some parts


  • of the word are stressed, and some bits aren't." But how do you actually apply that? And that's


  • what you're going to learn today. So we'll start by looking at an interesting


  • sentence, "We must POLISH the POLISH furniture." "Polish" is an action, verb, for cleaning

    "POLISH家具をPOLISHしなければならない "という文"polish "は掃除をするための行為、動詞

  • So something, making it shiny; and "Polish" is an adjective for furniture from Poland.

    だから何か、それを光沢のあるものにします。"ポーランド "はポーランドの家具の形容詞です。

  • So although they're the same spelling, they have different sounds, and that's because of word


  • stress. And we'll look at those words. So just make a note of it. That's the verb, and


  • that's the adjective. And we're going to -- we're now going to look at where to put the stress.


  • So the general rule for two-syllable words is: the noun or adjective, the stress is on


  • the first syllable. The noun or adjective, the stress is on the first syllable. And that's

    最初の音節の名詞や形容詞の場合は 最初の音節にストレスがかかりますそして、それは

  • how you show word stress. The stress is the circle, and the unstress is a line. It's above

    単語のストレスの見せ方ストレスは円であり アンストレスは線ですの上にあります。

  • the -- it's probably not something you can see right now. I've just realized. So I'll


  • do it like that. You can see now. What about this one, the verb? The verb is the second


  • syllable. So unstress; stress for the second syllable.


  • Let's have a look at some sentences with the word stress rules. So in these sentences,


  • I've got examples where we've got a noun in a sentence and a verb with a similar meaning


  • in a different sentence. So you will hear a little bit of a different pronunciation.


  • Perhaps quite a subtle difference in pronunciation, but the stress is in a different place. So


  • I'm going to show you that. So in this sentence, "decrease" is in the


  • noun form. So looking at our rule, where is the stress here? On the first syllable. We

    名詞の形です。私たちのルールを見ると ここではどこが強調されているのでしょうか?最初の音節です私たちは

  • show the stress by the circle and the unstress by the line. And what about this one? "Decreased"


  • is in the verb position, so we swap; we stress the second syllable. Now, I'll read them to


  • you. "There has been a DEcrease in wages. Wages deCREASED last year."


  • Let's take a look at the second one. "Present" here, is a noun because we've got "a" there,

    2つ目を見てみましょう。ここでの "現在 "は、"a "があるので名詞になります。

  • "a lovely present". So, again, we put the stress here. And here is the verb. So we do


  • that pattern again. Now, I'll read them to you. "Tom bought me a lovely PREsent." Second


  • example, "We now preSENT the star of the show." Let's take a look at this third example here.

    例 "これでショーのスターをプリセントしました"ここで3つ目の例を見てみましょう

  • "Permit" -- "permit" in this sense, "You need a PERmit to park here" is saying -- in England,

    "Permit" -- この意味での "permit "は、"You need a PERmit to park here "と言っています -- イギリスでは。

  • you need a little piece of paper from the government to say that you can park in some


  • places. So it means you are allowed to park there. And it's similar to the verb, which


  • means "to allow". So "PERmit" here is a noun. Because it's a noun, we're going to stress


  • the first syllable. And here, "perMIT" is in the verb form, so we're going to change

    が最初の音節になります。そしてここでは "perMIT "が動詞の形になっているので

  • it. We're going to do it like that. And I'll read those to you now. "You need a PERmit

    にしておきます。そんな感じでやっていこうと思っています。それらを今から読んであげると"パーミット "が必要です

  • to park here." Compare that to, "The school doesn't perMIT students to wear trainers."

    "ここに駐車する""学生にトレーナーを履かせない" と比較してみてください

  • So it's not "per" anymore; it's "pe", "pe-MIT". When we come back, we're going to look at


  • some other general rules and important things to know about word stress.


  • Are you ready for more word stress rules? Well, first of all, we've got some exceptions.


  • In the case of exceptions, the pronunciation is the same for the verb, the adjective, and


  • the noun if they have one. Let's have a look. "He PHOTOgraphed the whole

    があれば名詞を見てみましょう"He PHOTOgraphed the whole

  • family." "She looks pretty in the PHOTOgraph." It's the same, okay? The stress is in the


  • same position, at the beginning of the word. Should do a circle.


  • Next example, "I PRACtise singing every day." "The dentist surgery is a private PRACtice."

    次の例 "私は毎日歌をPRACtiseしています""歯科医院の外科は個人的なPRACticeです"

  • Again, the stress is in the same place, in the beginning in both instances. Here, "practice"


  • is a noun; here it's the verb. And our next example, "Sarah TRAvels business

    は名詞ですが、ここでは動詞です。次の例では、「Sarah TRAvels business

  • class." And, "Where did you go for your TRAvels?" The stress is in the same place: TRAvels,


  • TRAvels, TRAvels -- In the beginning of the word.

    TRAvels, TRAvels -- 語頭にある。

  • And let's look now at when the noun and the verb have different meanings. In these other


  • examples, they have related meanings. In these examples, although they're the same word,

    の例では、それらは関連する意味を持っています。これらの例では 同じ言葉ではありますが

  • they have different pronunciations and different meanings, so let's look at that. And the pronunciation

    これらは発音も意味も違うので それを見てみましょうそして、発音の

  • difference is quite obvious in these examples. So "reFUSE" as a verb means "to say 'no'"

    の違いは、これらの例を見れば一目瞭然です。つまり 動詞としての "reFUSE "は "ノーと言う "という意味です

  • about something. But "REFuse" is a formal British word for "garbage", or "rubbish" -- we

    何かについて。しかし、"refuse "はイギリスの正式な言葉で、"ゴミ "や "rubbish "のことを指します -- 私たちは

  • say informally in English. So here's a sentence, "Residents refUSED plans for new REFuse bins."

    英語で非公式に言うそこでここでは "Residents refUSED plans for new REFuse bins. "という一文があります。

  • There's the verb; there's the noun. "Residents refUSED plans for new REFuse bins."


  • Next example, "obJECT" to something means "to disagree" about something. It's quite

    次の例では、何かに対する "object "は、何かについて "反対する "という意味です。これはかなり

  • a formal word. And another meaning for "OBject" is "thing". Let's look at it in a sentence.


  • "I obJECT to that disgusting OBject. I obJECT to that disgusting OBject." Our stress here


  • for the verb; and our stress at the beginning for the noun.


  • And let's look at "reCORD", which is a verb -- "to capture on film". Like now, I'm being

    そして、"reCORD "を見てみましょう。"reCORD "は動詞で--"フィルムに写す "という意味です。今のように、私は

  • "reCORDed". And it has two other meanings. It can be a file, an official file somewhere;


  • you can have a "record" somewhere. Or it can be a different old-fashioned format of music,


  • a round record. So here's a sentence. "We have a RECord of all the RECords reCORDED

    丸い記録。そこで一文を紹介します"record recorded "を持っています。

  • by them." This one's a noun; this one's a noun; and that's the verb. So the stress is

    "彼らによって"これは名詞です これは名詞です これは動詞ですということで、ストレスは

  • in different places. I'll say that one again. "We have a RECord all of the RECords reCORDED


  • by them." So that's what I'm going to tell you about


  • word stress today. If you do like this lesson, please give it a thumbs up. I'd really appreciate

    今日のワードストレス。もしこのレッスンを気に入っていただけたら 親指を立ててください本当に感謝しています。

  • it if you subscribed to my channel, too. I do more lessons about learning English, not


  • only on my EngVid channel, but on my personal channel. You can also go into the EngVid website


  • to do the quiz on this, get a little bit more practice with your word stress -- words you


  • stress; words you unstress. And that's all I'm going to talk about for now -- I'm going


  • to talk about for now. So yeah. Come and see me again soon. Bye.


Hi. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is word stress in English. What's word stress?



動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

A2 初級 日本語 ストレス 動詞 名詞 音節 単語 強調

ネイティブスピーカーのように聞こえる方法 - ワードストレス

  • 21033 2155
    VoiceTube に公開 2014 年 02 月 10 日