Folklore, legends, myths and fairy tales have followed childhood through the ages,
for every healthy youngster has a wholesome and instinctive love for stories fantastic,
marvelous and manifestly unreal.
The winged fairies of Grimm and Andersen have brought more happiness to childish
hearts than all other human creations.
Yet the old time fairy tale, having served for generations, may now be classed as
"historical" in the children's library; for the time has come for a series of newer
"wonder tales" in which the stereotyped
genie, dwarf and fairy are eliminated, together with all the horrible and blood-
curdling incidents devised by their authors to point a fearsome moral to each tale.
Modern education includes morality; therefore the modern child seeks only
entertainment in its wonder tales and gladly dispenses with all disagreeable
Having this thought in mind, the story of "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" was written
solely to please children of today.
It aspires to being a modernized fairy tale, in which the wonderment and joy are
retained and the heartaches and nightmares are left out.
L. Frank Baum
Chicago, April, 1900.
CHAPTER 1. The Cyclone
Dorothy lived in the midst of the great Kansas prairies, with Uncle Henry, who was
a farmer, and Aunt Em, who was the farmer's wife.
Their house was small, for the lumber to build it had to be carried by wagon many
There were four walls, a floor and a roof, which made one room; and this room
contained a rusty looking cookstove, a cupboard for the dishes, a table, three or
four chairs, and the beds.
Uncle Henry and Aunt Em had a big bed in one corner, and Dorothy a little bed in
There was no garret at all, and no cellar-- except a small hole dug in the ground,
called a cyclone cellar, where the family could go in case one of those great
whirlwinds arose, mighty enough to crush any building in its path.
It was reached by a trap door in the middle of the floor, from which a ladder led down
into the small, dark hole.
When Dorothy stood in the doorway and looked around, she could see nothing but
the great gray prairie on every side.
Not a tree nor a house broke the broad sweep of flat country that reached to the
edge of the sky in all directions.
The sun had baked the plowed land into a gray mass, with little cracks running
Even the grass was not green, for the sun had burned the tops of the long blades
until they were the same gray color to be seen everywhere.
Once the house had been painted, but the sun blistered the paint and the rains
washed it away, and now the house was as dull and gray as everything else.
When Aunt Em came there to live she was a young, pretty wife.
The sun and wind had changed her, too.
They had taken the sparkle from her eyes and left them a sober gray; they had taken
the red from her cheeks and lips, and they were gray also.
She was thin and gaunt, and never smiled now.
When Dorothy, who was an orphan, first came to her, Aunt Em had been so startled by the
child's laughter that she would scream and press her hand upon her heart whenever
Dorothy's merry voice reached her ears; and
she still looked at the little girl with wonder that she could find anything to
laugh at. Uncle Henry never laughed.
He worked hard from morning till night and did not know what joy was.
He was gray also, from his long beard to his rough boots, and he looked stern and
solemn, and rarely spoke.
It was Toto that made Dorothy laugh, and saved her from growing as gray as her other
Toto was not gray; he was a little black dog, with long silky hair and small black
eyes that twinkled merrily on either side of his funny, wee nose.
Toto played all day long, and Dorothy played with him, and loved him dearly.
Today, however, they were not playing.
Uncle Henry sat upon the doorstep and looked anxiously at the sky, which was even
grayer than usual. Dorothy stood in the door with Toto in her
arms, and looked at the sky too.
Aunt Em was washing the dishes. From the far north they heard a low wail of
the wind, and Uncle Henry and Dorothy could see where the long grass bowed in waves
before the coming storm.
There now came a sharp whistling in the air from the south, and as they turned their
eyes that way they saw ripples in the grass coming from that direction also.
Suddenly Uncle Henry stood up.
"There's a cyclone coming, Em," he called to his wife.
"I'll go look after the stock." Then he ran toward the sheds where the cows
and horses were kept.
Aunt Em dropped her work and came to the door.
One glance told her of the danger close at hand.
"Quick, Dorothy!" she screamed.
"Run for the cellar!" Toto jumped out of Dorothy's arms and hid
under the bed, and the girl started to get him.
Aunt Em, badly frightened, threw open the trap door in the floor and climbed down the
ladder into the small, dark hole. Dorothy caught Toto at last and started to
follow her aunt.
When she was halfway across the room there came a great shriek from the wind, and the
house shook so hard that she lost her footing and sat down suddenly upon the
Then a strange thing happened. The house whirled around two or three times
and rose slowly through the air. Dorothy felt as if she were going up in a
The north and south winds met where the house stood, and made it the exact center
of the cyclone.
In the middle of a cyclone the air is generally still, but the great pressure of
the wind on every side of the house raised it up higher and higher, until it was at
the very top of the cyclone; and there it
remained and was carried miles and miles away as easily as you could carry a
It was very dark, and the wind howled horribly around her, but Dorothy found she
was riding quite easily.
After the first few whirls around, and one other time when the house tipped badly, she
felt as if she were being rocked gently, like a baby in a cradle.
Toto did not like it.
He ran about the room, now here, now there, barking loudly; but Dorothy sat quite still
on the floor and waited to see what would happen.
Once Toto got too near the open trap door, and fell in; and at first the little girl
thought she had lost him.
But soon she saw one of his ears sticking up through the hole, for the strong
pressure of the air was keeping him up so that he could not fall.
She crept to the hole, caught Toto by the ear, and dragged him into the room again,
afterward closing the trap door so that no more accidents could happen.
Hour after hour passed away, and slowly Dorothy got over her fright; but she felt
quite lonely, and the wind shrieked so loudly all about her that she nearly became
At first she had wondered if she would be dashed to pieces when the house fell again;
but as the hours passed and nothing terrible happened, she stopped worrying and
resolved to wait calmly and see what the future would bring.
At last she crawled over the swaying floor to her bed, and lay down upon it; and Toto
followed and lay down beside her.
In spite of the swaying of the house and the wailing of the wind, Dorothy soon
closed her eyes and fell fast asleep.
CHAPTER 2. The Council with the Munchkins
She was awakened by a shock, so sudden and severe that if Dorothy had not been lying
on the soft bed she might have been hurt.
As it was, the jar made her catch her breath and wonder what had happened; and
Toto put his cold little nose into her face and whined dismally.
Dorothy sat up and noticed that the house was not moving; nor was it dark, for the
bright sunshine came in at the window, flooding the little room.
She sprang from her bed and with Toto at her heels ran and opened the door.
The little girl gave a cry of amazement and looked about her, her eyes growing bigger
and bigger at the wonderful sights she saw.
The cyclone had set the house down very gently--for a cyclone--in the midst of a
country of marvelous beauty.
There were lovely patches of greensward all about, with stately trees bearing rich and
Banks of gorgeous flowers were on every hand, and birds with rare and brilliant
plumage sang and fluttered in the trees and bushes.
A little way off was a small brook, rushing and sparkling along between green banks,
and murmuring in a voice very grateful to a little girl who had lived so long on the
dry, gray prairies.
While she stood looking eagerly at the strange and beautiful sights, she noticed
coming toward her a group of the queerest people she had ever seen.
They were not as big as the grown folk she had always been used to; but neither were
they very small.
In fact, they seemed about as tall as Dorothy, who was a well-grown child for her
age, although they were, so far as looks go, many years older.
Three were men and one a woman, and all were oddly dressed.
They wore round hats that rose to a small point a foot above their heads, with little
bells around the brims that tinkled sweetly as they moved.
The hats of the men were blue; the little woman's hat was white, and she wore a white
gown that hung in pleats from her shoulders.
Over it were sprinkled little stars that glistened in the sun like diamonds.
The men were dressed in blue, of the same shade as their hats, and wore well-polished
boots with a deep roll of blue at the tops.
The men, Dorothy thought, were about as old as Uncle Henry, for two of them had beards.
But the little woman was doubtless much older.
Her face was covered with wrinkles, her hair was nearly white, and she walked
When these people drew near the house where Dorothy was standing in the doorway, they
paused and whispered among themselves, as if afraid to come farther.
But the little old woman walked up to Dorothy, made a low bow and said, in a
sweet voice: "You are welcome, most noble Sorceress, to
the land of the Munchkins.
We are so grateful to you for having killed the Wicked Witch of the East, and for
setting our people free from bondage." Dorothy listened to this speech with
What could the little woman possibly mean by calling her a sorceress, and saying she
had killed the Wicked Witch of the East?
Dorothy was an innocent, harmless little girl, who had been carried by a cyclone
many miles from home; and she had never killed anything in all her life.
But the little woman evidently expected her to answer; so Dorothy said, with
hesitation, "You are very kind, but there must be some mistake.
I have not killed anything."
"Your house did, anyway," replied the little old woman, with a laugh, "and that
is the same thing. See!" she continued, pointing to the corner
of the house.
"There are her two feet, still sticking out from under a block of wood."
Dorothy looked, and gave a little cry of fright.
There, indeed, just under the corner of the great beam the house rested on, two feet
were sticking out, shod in silver shoes with pointed toes.
Oh, dear!" cried Dorothy, clasping her hands together in dismay.
"The house must have fallen on her. Whatever shall we do?"
"There is nothing to be done," said the little woman calmly.
"But who was she?" asked Dorothy. "She was the Wicked Witch of the East, as I
said," answered the little woman.
"She has held all the Munchkins in bondage for many years, making them slave for her
night and day. Now they are all set free, and are grateful
to you for the favor."
"Who are the Munchkins?" inquired Dorothy. "They are the people who live in this land
of the East where the Wicked Witch ruled." "Are you a Munchkin?" asked Dorothy.
"No, but I am their friend, although I live in the land of the North.
When they saw the Witch of the East was dead the Munchkins sent a swift messenger
to me, and I came at once.
I am the Witch of the North." "Oh, gracious!" cried Dorothy.
"Are you a real witch?" "Yes, indeed," answered the little woman.
"But I am a good witch, and the people love me.
I am not as powerful as the Wicked Witch was who ruled here, or I should have set
the people free myself."
"But I thought all witches were wicked," said the girl, who was half frightened at
facing a real witch. "Oh, no, that is a great mistake.
There were only four witches in all the Land of Oz, and two of them, those who live
in the North and the South, are good witches.
I know this is true, for I am one of them myself, and cannot be mistaken.
Those who dwelt in the East and the West were, indeed, wicked witches; but now that
you have killed one of them, there is but one Wicked Witch in all the Land of Oz--the
one who lives in the West."
"But," said Dorothy, after a moment's thought, "Aunt Em has told me that the
witches were all dead--years and years ago."
"Who is Aunt Em?" inquired the little old woman.
"She is my aunt who lives in Kansas, where I came from."
The Witch of the North seemed to think for a time, with her head bowed and her eyes
upon the ground.
Then she looked up and said, "I do not know where Kansas is, for I have never heard
that country mentioned before. But tell me, is it a civilized country?"
"Oh, yes," replied Dorothy.
"Then that accounts for it. In the civilized countries I believe there
are no witches left, nor wizards, nor sorceresses, nor magicians.
But, you see, the Land of Oz has never been civilized, for we are cut off from all the
rest of the world. Therefore we still have witches and wizards
"Who are the wizards?" asked Dorothy. "Oz himself is the Great Wizard," answered
the Witch, sinking her voice to a whisper. "He is more powerful than all the rest of
He lives in the City of Emeralds."
Dorothy was going to ask another question, but just then the Munchkins, who had been
standing silently by, gave a loud shout and pointed to the corner of the house where
the Wicked Witch had been lying.
"What is it?" asked the little old woman, and looked, and began to laugh.
The feet of the dead Witch had disappeared entirely, and nothing was left but the
"She was so old," explained the Witch of the North, "that she dried up quickly in
the sun. That is the end of her.
But the silver shoes are yours, and you shall have them to wear."
She reached down and picked up the shoes, and after shaking the dust out of them
handed them to Dorothy.
"The Witch of the East was proud of those silver shoes," said one of the Munchkins,
"and there is some charm connected with them; but what it is we never knew."
Dorothy carried the shoes into the house and placed them on the table.
Then she came out again to the Munchkins and said:
"I am anxious to get back to my aunt and uncle, for I am sure they will worry about
me. Can you help me find my way?"
The Munchkins and the Witch first looked at one another, and then at Dorothy, and then
shook their heads.
"At the East, not far from here," said one, "there is a great desert, and none could
live to cross it."
"It is the same at the South," said another, "for I have been there and seen
it. The South is the country of the Quadlings."
"I am told," said the third man, "that it is the same at the West.
And that country, where the Winkies live, is ruled by the Wicked Witch of the West,
who would make you her slave if you passed her way."
"The North is my home," said the old lady, "and at its edge is the same great desert
that surrounds this Land of Oz. I'm afraid, my dear, you will have to live
Dorothy began to sob at this, for she felt lonely among all these strange people.
Her tears seemed to grieve the kind-hearted Munchkins, for they immediately took out
their handkerchiefs and began to weep also.
As for the little old woman, she took off her cap and balanced the point on the end
of her nose, while she counted "One, two, three" in a solemn voice.
At once the cap changed to a slate, on which was written in big, white chalk
marks: "LET DOROTHY GO TO THE CITY OF EMERALDS"
The little old woman took the slate from her nose, and having read the words on it,
asked, "Is your name Dorothy, my dear?" "Yes," answered the child, looking up and
drying her tears.
"Then you must go to the City of Emeralds. Perhaps Oz will help you."
"Where is this city?" asked Dorothy.
"It is exactly in the center of the country, and is ruled by Oz, the Great
Wizard I told you of." "Is he a good man?" inquired the girl
"He is a good Wizard. Whether he is a man or not I cannot tell,
for I have never seen him." "How can I get there?" asked Dorothy.
"You must walk.
It is a long journey, through a country that is sometimes pleasant and sometimes
dark and terrible. However, I will use all the magic arts I
know of to keep you from harm."
"Won't you go with me?" pleaded the girl, who had begun to look upon the little old
woman as her only friend.
"No, I cannot do that," she replied, "but I will give you my kiss, and no one will dare
injure a person who has been kissed by the Witch of the North."
She came close to Dorothy and kissed her gently on the forehead.
Where her lips touched the girl they left a round, shining mark, as Dorothy found out
"The road to the City of Emeralds is paved with yellow brick," said the Witch, "so you
cannot miss it.
When you get to Oz do not be afraid of him, but tell your story and ask him to help
you. Good-bye, my dear."
The three Munchkins bowed low to her and wished her a pleasant journey, after which
they walked away through the trees.
The Witch gave Dorothy a friendly little nod, whirled around on her left heel three
times, and straightway disappeared, much to the surprise of little Toto, who barked
after her loudly enough when she had gone,
because he had been afraid even to growl while she stood by.
But Dorothy, knowing her to be a witch, had expected her to disappear in just that way,
and was not surprised in the least.
CHAPTER 3. How Dorothy Saved the Scarecrow
When Dorothy was left alone she began to feel hungry.
So she went to the cupboard and cut herself some bread, which she spread with butter.
She gave some to Toto, and taking a pail from the shelf she carried it down to the
little brook and filled it with clear, sparkling water.
Toto ran over to the trees and began to bark at the birds sitting there.
Dorothy went to get him, and saw such delicious fruit hanging from the branches
that she gathered some of it, finding it just what she wanted to help out her
Then she went back to the house, and having helped herself and Toto to a good drink of
the cool, clear water, she set about making ready for the journey to the City of
Dorothy had only one other dress, but that happened to be clean and was hanging on a
peg beside her bed.
It was gingham, with checks of white and blue; and although the blue was somewhat
faded with many washings, it was still a pretty frock.
The girl washed herself carefully, dressed herself in the clean gingham, and tied her
pink sunbonnet on her head.
She took a little basket and filled it with bread from the cupboard, laying a white
cloth over the top. Then she looked down at her feet and
noticed how old and worn her shoes were.
"They surely will never do for a long journey, Toto," she said.
And Toto looked up into her face with his little black eyes and wagged his tail to
show he knew what she meant.
At that moment Dorothy saw lying on the table the silver shoes that had belonged to
the Witch of the East. "I wonder if they will fit me," she said to
"They would be just the thing to take a long walk in, for they could not wear out."
She took off her old leather shoes and tried on the silver ones, which fitted her
as well as if they had been made for her.
Finally she picked up her basket. "Come along, Toto," she said.
"We will go to the Emerald City and ask the Great Oz how to get back to Kansas again."
She closed the door, locked it, and put the key carefully in the pocket of her dress.
And so, with Toto trotting along soberly behind her, she started on her journey.
There were several roads near by, but it did not take her long to find the one paved
with yellow bricks.
Within a short time she was walking briskly toward the Emerald City, her silver shoes
tinkling merrily on the hard, yellow road- bed.
The sun shone bright and the birds sang sweetly, and Dorothy did not feel nearly so
bad as you might think a little girl would who had been suddenly whisked away from her
own country and set down in the midst of a strange land.
She was surprised, as she walked along, to see how pretty the country was about her.
There were neat fences at the sides of the road, painted a dainty blue color, and
beyond them were fields of grain and vegetables in abundance.
Evidently the Munchkins were good farmers and able to raise large crops.
Once in a while she would pass a house, and the people came out to look at her and bow
low as she went by; for everyone knew she had been the means of destroying the Wicked
Witch and setting them free from bondage.
The houses of the Munchkins were odd- looking dwellings, for each was round, with
a big dome for a roof. All were painted blue, for in this country
of the East blue was the favorite color.
Toward evening, when Dorothy was tired with her long walk and began to wonder where she
should pass the night, she came to a house rather larger than the rest.
On the green lawn before it many men and women were dancing.
Five little fiddlers played as loudly as possible, and the people were laughing and
singing, while a big table near by was loaded with delicious fruits and nuts, pies
and cakes, and many other good things to eat.
The people greeted Dorothy kindly, and invited her to supper and to pass the night
with them; for this was the home of one of the richest Munchkins in the land, and his
friends were gathered with him to celebrate
their freedom from the bondage of the Wicked Witch.
Dorothy ate a hearty supper and was waited upon by the rich Munchkin himself, whose
name was Boq.
Then she sat upon a settee and watched the people dance.
When Boq saw her silver shoes he said, "You must be a great sorceress."
"Why?" asked the girl.
"Because you wear silver shoes and have killed the Wicked Witch.
Besides, you have white in your frock, and only witches and sorceresses wear white."
"My dress is blue and white checked," said Dorothy, smoothing out the wrinkles in it.
"It is kind of you to wear that," said Boq. "Blue is the color of the Munchkins, and
white is the witch color.
So we know you are a friendly witch."
Dorothy did not know what to say to this, for all the people seemed to think her a
witch, and she knew very well she was only an ordinary little girl who had come by the
chance of a cyclone into a strange land.
When she had tired watching the dancing, Boq led her into the house, where he gave
her a room with a pretty bed in it.
The sheets were made of blue cloth, and Dorothy slept soundly in them till morning,
with Toto curled up on the blue rug beside her.
She ate a hearty breakfast, and watched a wee Munchkin baby, who played with Toto and
pulled his tail and crowed and laughed in a way that greatly amused Dorothy.
Toto was a fine curiosity to all the people, for they had never seen a dog
before. "How far is it to the Emerald City?" the
"I do not know," answered Boq gravely, "for I have never been there.
It is better for people to keep away from Oz, unless they have business with him.
But it is a long way to the Emerald City, and it will take you many days.
The country here is rich and pleasant, but you must pass through rough and dangerous
places before you reach the end of your journey."
This worried Dorothy a little, but she knew that only the Great Oz could help her get
to Kansas again, so she bravely resolved not to turn back.
She bade her friends good-bye, and again started along the road of yellow brick.
When she had gone several miles she thought she would stop to rest, and so climbed to
the top of the fence beside the road and sat down.
There was a great cornfield beyond the fence, and not far away she saw a
Scarecrow, placed high on a pole to keep the birds from the ripe corn.
Dorothy leaned her chin upon her hand and gazed thoughtfully at the Scarecrow.
Its head was a small sack stuffed with straw, with eyes, nose, and mouth painted
on it to represent a face.
An old, pointed blue hat, that had belonged to some Munchkin, was perched on his head,
and the rest of the figure was a blue suit of clothes, worn and faded, which had also
been stuffed with straw.
On the feet were some old boots with blue tops, such as every man wore in this
country, and the figure was raised above the stalks of corn by means of the pole
stuck up its back.
While Dorothy was looking earnestly into the queer, painted face of the Scarecrow,
she was surprised to see one of the eyes slowly wink at her.
She thought she must have been mistaken at first, for none of the scarecrows in Kansas
ever wink; but presently the figure nodded its head to her in a friendly way.
Then she climbed down from the fence and walked up to it, while Toto ran around the
pole and barked. "Good day," said the Scarecrow, in a rather
"Did you speak?" asked the girl, in wonder. "Certainly," answered the Scarecrow.
"How do you do?" "I'm pretty well, thank you," replied
"How do you do?" "I'm not feeling well," said the Scarecrow,
with a smile, "for it is very tedious being perched up here night and day to scare away
"Can't you get down?" asked Dorothy. "No, for this pole is stuck up my back.
If you will please take away the pole I shall be greatly obliged to you."
Dorothy reached up both arms and lifted the figure off the pole, for, being stuffed
with straw, it was quite light. "Thank you very much," said the Scarecrow,
when he had been set down on the ground.
"I feel like a new man." Dorothy was puzzled at this, for it sounded
queer to hear a stuffed man speak, and to see him bow and walk along beside her.
"Who are you?" asked the Scarecrow when he had stretched himself and yawned.
"And where are you going?"
"My name is Dorothy," said the girl, "and I am going to the Emerald City, to ask the
Great Oz to send me back to Kansas." "Where is the Emerald City?" he inquired.
"And who is Oz?"
"Why, don't you know?" she returned, in surprise.
"No, indeed. I don't know anything.
You see, I am stuffed, so I have no brains at all," he answered sadly.
"Oh," said Dorothy, "I'm awfully sorry for you."
"Do you think," he asked, "if I go to the Emerald City with you, that Oz would give
me some brains?" "I cannot tell," she returned, "but you may
come with me, if you like.
If Oz will not give you any brains you will be no worse off than you are now."
"That is true," said the Scarecrow.
"You see," he continued confidentially, "I don't mind my legs and arms and body being
stuffed, because I cannot get hurt.
If anyone treads on my toes or sticks a pin into me, it doesn't matter, for I can't
But I do not want people to call me a fool, and if my head stays stuffed with straw
instead of with brains, as yours is, how am I ever to know anything?"
"I understand how you feel," said the little girl, who was truly sorry for him.
"If you will come with me I'll ask Oz to do all he can for you."
"Thank you," he answered gratefully.
They walked back to the road. Dorothy helped him over the fence, and they
started along the path of yellow brick for the Emerald City.
Toto did not like this addition to the party at first.
He smelled around the stuffed man as if he suspected there might be a nest of rats in
the straw, and he often growled in an unfriendly way at the Scarecrow.
"Don't mind Toto," said Dorothy to her new friend.
"He never bites." "Oh, I'm not afraid," replied the
"He can't hurt the straw. Do let me carry that basket for you.
I shall not mind it, for I can't get tired. I'll tell you a secret," he continued, as
he walked along.
"There is only one thing in the world I am afraid of."
"What is that?" asked Dorothy; "the Munchkin farmer who made you?"
"No," answered the Scarecrow; "it's a lighted match."
CHAPTER 4. The Road Through the Forest
After a few hours the road began to be rough, and the walking grew so difficult
that the Scarecrow often stumbled over the yellow bricks, which were here very uneven.
Sometimes, indeed, they were broken or missing altogether, leaving holes that Toto
jumped across and Dorothy walked around.
As for the Scarecrow, having no brains, he walked straight ahead, and so stepped into
the holes and fell at full length on the hard bricks.
It never hurt him, however, and Dorothy would pick him up and set him upon his feet
again, while he joined her in laughing merrily at his own mishap.
The farms were not nearly so well cared for here as they were farther back.
There were fewer houses and fewer fruit trees, and the farther they went the more
dismal and lonesome the country became.
At noon they sat down by the roadside, near a little brook, and Dorothy opened her
basket and got out some bread. She offered a piece to the Scarecrow, but
"I am never hungry," he said, "and it is a lucky thing I am not, for my mouth is only
painted, and if I should cut a hole in it so I could eat, the straw I am stuffed with
would come out, and that would spoil the shape of my head."
Dorothy saw at once that this was true, so she only nodded and went on eating her
"Tell me something about yourself and the country you came from," said the Scarecrow,
when she had finished her dinner.
So she told him all about Kansas, and how gray everything was there, and how the
cyclone had carried her to this queer Land of Oz.
The Scarecrow listened carefully, and said, "I cannot understand why you should wish to
leave this beautiful country and go back to the dry, gray place you call Kansas."
"That is because you have no brains" answered the girl.
"No matter how dreary and gray our homes are, we people of flesh and blood would
rather live there than in any other country, be it ever so beautiful.
There is no place like home."
The Scarecrow sighed. "Of course I cannot understand it," he
"If your heads were stuffed with straw, like mine, you would probably all live in
the beautiful places, and then Kansas would have no people at all.
It is fortunate for Kansas that you have brains."
"Won't you tell me a story, while we are resting?" asked the child.
The Scarecrow looked at her reproachfully, and answered:
"My life has been so short that I really know nothing whatever.
I was only made day before yesterday.
What happened in the world before that time is all unknown to me.
Luckily, when the farmer made my head, one of the first things he did was to paint my
ears, so that I heard what was going on.
There was another Munchkin with him, and the first thing I heard was the farmer
saying, `How do you like those ears?' "`They aren't straight,'" answered the
"`Never mind,'" said the farmer. "`They are ears just the same,'" which was
true enough. "`Now I'll make the eyes,'" said the
So he painted my right eye, and as soon as it was finished I found myself looking at
him and at everything around me with a great deal of curiosity, for this was my
first glimpse of the world.
"`That's a rather pretty eye,'" remarked the Munchkin who was watching the farmer.
"`Blue paint is just the color for eyes.' "`I think I'll make the other a little
bigger,'" said the farmer.
And when the second eye was done I could see much better than before.
Then he made my nose and my mouth. But I did not speak, because at that time I
didn't know what a mouth was for.
I had the fun of watching them make my body and my arms and legs; and when they
fastened on my head, at last, I felt very proud, for I thought I was just as good a
man as anyone.
"`This fellow will scare the crows fast enough,' said the farmer.
`He looks just like a man.' "`Why, he is a man,' said the other, and I
quite agreed with him.
The farmer carried me under his arm to the cornfield, and set me up on a tall stick,
where you found me. He and his friend soon after walked away
and left me alone.
"I did not like to be deserted this way. So I tried to walk after them.
But my feet would not touch the ground, and I was forced to stay on that pole.
It was a lonely life to lead, for I had nothing to think of, having been made such
a little while before.
Many crows and other birds flew into the cornfield, but as soon as they saw me they
flew away again, thinking I was a Munchkin; and this pleased me and made me feel that I
was quite an important person.
By and by an old crow flew near me, and after looking at me carefully he perched
upon my shoulder and said: "`I wonder if that farmer thought to fool
me in this clumsy manner.
Any crow of sense could see that you are only stuffed with straw.'
Then he hopped down at my feet and ate all the corn he wanted.
The other birds, seeing he was not harmed by me, came to eat the corn too, so in a
short time there was a great flock of them about me.
"I felt sad at this, for it showed I was not such a good Scarecrow after all; but
the old crow comforted me, saying, `If you only had brains in your head you would be
as good a man as any of them, and a better man than some of them.
Brains are the only things worth having in this world, no matter whether one is a crow
or a man.'
"After the crows had gone I thought this over, and decided I would try hard to get
By good luck you came along and pulled me off the stake, and from what you say I am
sure the Great Oz will give me brains as soon as we get to the Emerald City."
"I hope so," said Dorothy earnestly, "since you seem anxious to have them."
"Oh, yes; I am anxious," returned the Scarecrow.
"It is such an uncomfortable feeling to know one is a fool."
"Well," said the girl, "let us go." And she handed the basket to the Scarecrow.
There were no fences at all by the roadside now, and the land was rough and untilled.
Toward evening they came to a great forest, where the trees grew so big and close
together that their branches met over the road of yellow brick.
It was almost dark under the trees, for the branches shut out the daylight; but the
travelers did not stop, and went on into the forest.
"If this road goes in, it must come out," said the Scarecrow, "and as the Emerald
City is at the other end of the road, we must go wherever it leads us."
"Anyone would know that," said Dorothy.
"Certainly; that is why I know it," returned the Scarecrow.
"If it required brains to figure it out, I never should have said it."
After an hour or so the light faded away, and they found themselves stumbling along
in the darkness.
Dorothy could not see at all, but Toto could, for some dogs see very well in the
dark; and the Scarecrow declared he could see as well as by day.
So she took hold of his arm and managed to get along fairly well.
"If you see any house, or any place where we can pass the night," she said, "you must
tell me; for it is very uncomfortable walking in the dark."
Soon after the Scarecrow stopped.
"I see a little cottage at the right of us," he said, "built of logs and branches.
Shall we go there?" "Yes, indeed," answered the child.
"I am all tired out."
So the Scarecrow led her through the trees until they reached the cottage, and Dorothy
entered and found a bed of dried leaves in one corner.
She lay down at once, and with Toto beside her soon fell into a sound sleep.
The Scarecrow, who was never tired, stood up in another corner and waited patiently
until morning came.
CHAPTER 5. The Rescue of the Tin Woodman
When Dorothy awoke the sun was shining through the trees and Toto had long been
out chasing birds around him and squirrels. She sat up and looked around her.
Scarecrow, still standing patiently in his corner, waiting for her.
"We must go and search for water," she said to him.
"Why do you want water?" he asked.
"To wash my face clean after the dust of the road, and to drink, so the dry bread
will not stick in my throat."
"It must be inconvenient to be made of flesh," said the Scarecrow thoughtfully,
"for you must sleep, and eat and drink.
However, you have brains, and it is worth a lot of bother to be able to think
They left the cottage and walked through the trees until they found a little spring
of clear water, where Dorothy drank and bathed and ate her breakfast.
She saw there was not much bread left in the basket, and the girl was thankful the
Scarecrow did not have to eat anything, for there was scarcely enough for herself and
Toto for the day.
When she had finished her meal, and was about to go back to the road of yellow
brick, she was startled to hear a deep groan near by.
"What was that?" she asked timidly.
"I cannot imagine," replied the Scarecrow; "but we can go and see."
Just then another groan reached their ears, and the sound seemed to come from behind
They turned and walked through the forest a few steps, when Dorothy discovered
something shining in a ray of sunshine that fell between the trees.
She ran to the place and then stopped short, with a little cry of surprise.
One of the big trees had been partly chopped through, and standing beside it,
with an uplifted axe in his hands, was a man made entirely of tin.
His head and arms and legs were jointed upon his body, but he stood perfectly
motionless, as if he could not stir at all.
Dorothy looked at him in amazement, and so did the Scarecrow, while Toto barked
sharply and made a snap at the tin legs, which hurt his teeth.
"Did you groan?" asked Dorothy.
"Yes," answered the tin man, "I did. I've been groaning for more than a year,
and no one has ever heard me before or come to help me."
"What can I do for you?" she inquired softly, for she was moved by the sad voice
in which the man spoke. "Get an oil-can and oil my joints," he
"They are rusted so badly that I cannot move them at all; if I am well oiled I
shall soon be all right again. You will find an oil-can on a shelf in my
Dorothy at once ran back to the cottage and found the oil-can, and then she returned
and asked anxiously, "Where are your joints?"
"Oil my neck, first," replied the Tin Woodman.
So she oiled it, and as it was quite badly rusted the Scarecrow took hold of the tin
head and moved it gently from side to side until it worked freely, and then the man
could turn it himself.
"Now oil the joints in my arms," he said. And Dorothy oiled them and the Scarecrow
bent them carefully until they were quite free from rust and as good as new.
The Tin Woodman gave a sigh of satisfaction and lowered his axe, which he leaned
against the tree. "This is a great comfort," he said.
"I have been holding that axe in the air ever since I rusted, and I'm glad to be
able to put it down at last. Now, if you will oil the joints of my legs,
I shall be all right once more."
So they oiled his legs until he could move them freely; and he thanked them again and
again for his release, for he seemed a very polite creature, and very grateful.
"I might have stood there always if you had not come along," he said; "so you have
certainly saved my life. How did you happen to be here?"
"We are on our way to the Emerald City to see the Great Oz," she answered, "and we
stopped at your cottage to pass the night." "Why do you wish to see Oz?" he asked.
"I want him to send me back to Kansas, and the Scarecrow wants him to put a few brains
into his head," she replied. The Tin Woodman appeared to think deeply
for a moment.
Then he said: "Do you suppose Oz could give me a heart?"
"Why, I guess so," Dorothy answered. "It would be as easy as to give the
"True," the Tin Woodman returned. "So, if you will allow me to join your
party, I will also go to the Emerald City and ask Oz to help me."
"Come along," said the Scarecrow heartily, and Dorothy added that she would be pleased
to have his company.
So the Tin Woodman shouldered his axe and they all passed through the forest until
they came to the road that was paved with yellow brick.
The Tin Woodman had asked Dorothy to put the oil-can in her basket.
"For," he said, "if I should get caught in the rain, and rust again, I would need the
It was a bit of good luck to have their new comrade join the party, for soon after they
had begun their journey again they came to a place where the trees and branches grew
so thick over the road that the travelers could not pass.
But the Tin Woodman set to work with his axe and chopped so well that soon he
cleared a passage for the entire party.
Dorothy was thinking so earnestly as they walked along that she did not notice when
the Scarecrow stumbled into a hole and rolled over to the side of the road.
Indeed he was obliged to call to her to help him up again.
"Why didn't you walk around the hole?" asked the Tin Woodman.
"I don't know enough," replied the Scarecrow cheerfully.
"My head is stuffed with straw, you know, and that is why I am going to Oz to ask him
for some brains."
"Oh, I see," said the Tin Woodman. "But, after all, brains are not the best
things in the world." "Have you any?" inquired the Scarecrow.
"No, my head is quite empty," answered the Woodman.
"But once I had brains, and a heart also; so, having tried them both, I should much
rather have a heart."
"And why is that?" asked the Scarecrow. "I will tell you my story, and then you
So, while they were walking through the forest, the Tin Woodman told the following
"I was born the son of a woodman who chopped down trees in the forest and sold
the wood for a living.
When I grew up, I too became a woodchopper, and after my father died I took care of my
old mother as long as she lived.
Then I made up my mind that instead of living alone I would marry, so that I might
not become lonely.
"There was one of the Munchkin girls who was so beautiful that I soon grew to love
her with all my heart.
She, on her part, promised to marry me as soon as I could earn enough money to build
a better house for her; so I set to work harder than ever.
But the girl lived with an old woman who did not want her to marry anyone, for she
was so lazy she wished the girl to remain with her and do the cooking and the
So the old woman went to the Wicked Witch of the East, and promised her two sheep and
a cow if she would prevent the marriage.
Thereupon the Wicked Witch enchanted my axe, and when I was chopping away at my
best one day, for I was anxious to get the new house and my wife as soon as possible,
the axe slipped all at once and cut off my left leg.
"This at first seemed a great misfortune, for I knew a one-legged man could not do
very well as a wood-chopper.
So I went to a tinsmith and had him make me a new leg out of tin.
The leg worked very well, once I was used to it.
But my action angered the Wicked Witch of the East, for she had promised the old
woman I should not marry the pretty Munchkin girl.
When I began chopping again, my axe slipped and cut off my right leg.
Again I went to the tinsmith, and again he made me a leg out of tin.
After this the enchanted axe cut off my arms, one after the other; but, nothing
daunted, I had them replaced with tin ones.
The Wicked Witch then made the axe slip and cut off my head, and at first I thought
that was the end of me. But the tinsmith happened to come along,
and he made me a new head out of tin.
"I thought I had beaten the Wicked Witch then, and I worked harder than ever; but I
little knew how cruel my enemy could be.
She thought of a new way to kill my love for the beautiful Munchkin maiden, and made
my axe slip again, so that it cut right through my body, splitting me into two
Once more the tinsmith came to my help and made me a body of tin, fastening my tin
arms and legs and head to it, by means of joints, so that I could move around as well
But, alas! I had now no heart, so that I lost all my
love for the Munchkin girl, and did not care whether I married her or not.
I suppose she is still living with the old woman, waiting for me to come after her.
"My body shone so brightly in the sun that I felt very proud of it and it did not
matter now if my axe slipped, for it could not cut me.
There was only one danger--that my joints would rust; but I kept an oil-can in my
cottage and took care to oil myself whenever I needed it.
However, there came a day when I forgot to do this, and, being caught in a rainstorm,
before I thought of the danger my joints had rusted, and I was left to stand in the
woods until you came to help me.
It was a terrible thing to undergo, but during the year I stood there I had time to
think that the greatest loss I had known was the loss of my heart.
While I was in love I was the happiest man on earth; but no one can love who has not a
heart, and so I am resolved to ask Oz to give me one.
If he does, I will go back to the Munchkin maiden and marry her."
Both Dorothy and the Scarecrow had been greatly interested in the story of the Tin
Woodman, and now they knew why he was so anxious to get a new heart.
"All the same," said the Scarecrow, "I shall ask for brains instead of a heart;
for a fool would not know what to do with a heart if he had one."
"I shall take the heart," returned the Tin Woodman; "for brains do not make one happy,
and happiness is the best thing in the world."
Dorothy did not say anything, for she was puzzled to know which of her two friends
was right, and she decided if she could only get back to Kansas and Aunt Em, it did
not matter so much whether the Woodman had
no brains and the Scarecrow no heart, or each got what he wanted.
What worried her most was that the bread was nearly gone, and another meal for
herself and Toto would empty the basket.
To be sure neither the Woodman nor the Scarecrow ever ate anything, but she was
not made of tin nor straw, and could not live unless she was fed.
CHAPTER 6. The Cowardly Lion
All this time Dorothy and her companions had been walking through the thick woods.
The road was still paved with yellow brick, but these were much covered by dried
branches and dead leaves from the trees, and the walking was not at all good.
There were few birds in this part of the forest, for birds love the open country
where there is plenty of sunshine.
But now and then there came a deep growl from some wild animal hidden among the
These sounds made the little girl's heart beat fast, for she did not know what made
them; but Toto knew, and he walked close to Dorothy's side, and did not even bark in
"How long will it be," the child asked of the Tin Woodman, "before we are out of the
forest?" "I cannot tell," was the answer, "for I
have never been to the Emerald City.
But my father went there once, when I was a boy, and he said it was a long journey
through a dangerous country, although nearer to the city where Oz dwells the
country is beautiful.
But I am not afraid so long as I have my oil-can, and nothing can hurt the
Scarecrow, while you bear upon your forehead the mark of the Good Witch's kiss,
and that will protect you from harm."
"But Toto!" said the girl anxiously. "What will protect him?"
"We must protect him ourselves if he is in danger," replied the Tin Woodman.
Just as he spoke there came from the forest a terrible roar, and the next moment a
great Lion bounded into the road.
With one blow of his paw he sent the Scarecrow spinning over and over to the
edge of the road, and then he struck at the Tin Woodman with his sharp claws.
But, to the Lion's surprise, he could make no impression on the tin, although the
Woodman fell over in the road and lay still.
Little Toto, now that he had an enemy to face, ran barking toward the Lion, and the
great beast had opened his mouth to bite the dog, when Dorothy, fearing Toto would
be killed, and heedless of danger, rushed
forward and slapped the Lion upon his nose as hard as she could, while she cried out:
"Don't you dare to bite Toto! You ought to be ashamed of yourself, a big
beast like you, to bite a poor little dog!"
"I didn't bite him," said the Lion, as he rubbed his nose with his paw where Dorothy
had hit it. "No, but you tried to," she retorted.
"You are nothing but a big coward."
"I know it," said the Lion, hanging his head in shame.
"I've always known it. But how can I help it?"
"I don't know, I'm sure.
To think of your striking a stuffed man, like the poor Scarecrow!"
"Is he stuffed?" asked the Lion in surprise, as he watched her pick up the
Scarecrow and set him upon his feet, while she patted him into shape again.
"Of course he's stuffed," replied Dorothy, who was still angry.
"That's why he went over so easily," remarked the Lion.
"It astonished me to see him whirl around so.
Is the other one stuffed also?" "No," said Dorothy, "he's made of tin."
And she helped the Woodman up again.
"That's why he nearly blunted my claws," said the Lion.
"When they scratched against the tin it made a cold shiver run down my back.
What is that little animal you are so tender of?"
"He is my dog, Toto," answered Dorothy. "Is he made of tin, or stuffed?" asked the
"Neither. He's a--a--a meat dog," said the girl.
"Oh! He's a curious animal and seems remarkably
small, now that I look at him.
No one would think of biting such a little thing, except a coward like me," continued
the Lion sadly.
"What makes you a coward?" asked Dorothy, looking at the great beast in wonder, for
he was as big as a small horse. "It's a mystery," replied the Lion.
"I suppose I was born that way.
All the other animals in the forest naturally expect me to be brave, for the
Lion is everywhere thought to be the King of Beasts.
I learned that if I roared very loudly every living thing was frightened and got
out of my way.
Whenever I've met a man I've been awfully scared; but I just roared at him, and he
has always run away as fast as he could go.
If the elephants and the tigers and the bears had ever tried to fight me, I should
have run myself--I'm such a coward; but just as soon as they hear me roar they all
try to get away from me, and of course I let them go."
"But that isn't right. The King of Beasts shouldn't be a coward,"
said the Scarecrow.
"I know it," returned the Lion, wiping a tear from his eye with the tip of his tail.
"It is my great sorrow, and makes my life very unhappy.
But whenever there is danger, my heart begins to beat fast."
"Perhaps you have heart disease," said the Tin Woodman.
"It may be," said the Lion.
"If you have," continued the Tin Woodman, "you ought to be glad, for it proves you
have a heart. For my part, I have no heart; so I cannot
have heart disease."
"Perhaps," said the Lion thoughtfully, "if I had no heart I should not be a coward."
"Have you brains?" asked the Scarecrow. "I suppose so.
I've never looked to see," replied the Lion.
"I am going to the Great Oz to ask him to give me some," remarked the Scarecrow, "for
my head is stuffed with straw."
"And I am going to ask him to give me a heart," said the Woodman.
"And I am going to ask him to send Toto and me back to Kansas," added Dorothy.
"Do you think Oz could give me courage?" asked the Cowardly Lion.
"Just as easily as he could give me brains," said the Scarecrow.
"Or give me a heart," said the Tin Woodman.
"Or send me back to Kansas," said Dorothy. "Then, if you don't mind, I'll go with
you," said the Lion, "for my life is simply unbearable without a bit of courage."
"You will be very welcome," answered Dorothy, "for you will help to keep away
the other wild beasts.
It seems to me they must be more cowardly than you are if they allow you to scare
them so easily."
"They really are," said the Lion, "but that doesn't make me any braver, and as long as
I know myself to be a coward I shall be unhappy."
So once more the little company set off upon the journey, the Lion walking with
stately strides at Dorothy's side.
Toto did not approve this new comrade at first, for he could not forget how nearly
he had been crushed between the Lion's great jaws.
But after a time he became more at ease, and presently Toto and the Cowardly Lion
had grown to be good friends.
During the rest of that day there was no other adventure to mar the peace of their
Once, indeed, the Tin Woodman stepped upon a beetle that was crawling along the road,
and killed the poor little thing.
This made the Tin Woodman very unhappy, for he was always careful not to hurt any
living creature; and as he walked along he wept several tears of sorrow and regret.
These tears ran slowly down his face and over the hinges of his jaw, and there they
When Dorothy presently asked him a question the Tin Woodman could not open his mouth,
for his jaws were tightly rusted together.
He became greatly frightened at this and made many motions to Dorothy to relieve
him, but she could not understand. The Lion was also puzzled to know what was
But the Scarecrow seized the oil-can from Dorothy's basket and oiled the Woodman's
jaws, so that after a few moments he could talk as well as before.
"This will serve me a lesson," said he, "to look where I step.
For if I should kill another bug or beetle I should surely cry again, and crying rusts
my jaws so that I cannot speak."
Thereafter he walked very carefully, with his eyes on the road, and when he saw a
tiny ant toiling by he would step over it, so as not to harm it.
The Tin Woodman knew very well he had no heart, and therefore he took great care
never to be cruel or unkind to anything.
"You people with hearts," he said, "have something to guide you, and need never do
wrong; but I have no heart, and so I must be very careful.
When Oz gives me a heart of course I needn't mind so much."