Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Over the course of the 1960s,

  • the FBI amassed almost two thousand documents

  • in an investigation into one of America’s most celebrated minds.

  • The subject of this inquiry was a writer named James Baldwin.

  • At the time,

  • the FBI investigated many artists and thinkers,

  • but most of their files were a fraction the size of Baldwin’s.

  • During the years when the FBI hounded him,

  • he became one of the best-selling black authors in the world.

  • So what made James Baldwin loom so large in the imaginations

  • of both the public and the authorities?

  • Born in Harlem in 1924,

  • he was the oldest of nine children.

  • At age fourteen, he began to work as a preacher.

  • By delivering sermons, he developed his voice as a writer,

  • but also grew conflicted about the Church’s stance

  • on racial inequality and homosexuality.

  • After high school,

  • he began writing novels and essays while taking a series of odd jobs.

  • But the issues that had driven him away from the Church

  • were still inescapable in his daily life.

  • Constantly confronted with racism and homophobia,

  • he was angry and disillusioned, and yearned for a less restricted life.

  • So in 1948, at the age of 24,

  • he moved to Paris on a writing fellowship.

  • From France, he published his first novel,

  • "Go Tell it on the Mountain," in 1953.

  • Set in Harlem,

  • the book explores the Church as a source of both repression and hope.

  • It was popular with both black and white readers.

  • As he earned acclaim for his fiction,

  • Baldwin gathered his thoughts on race, class, culture and exile

  • in his 1955 extended essay, "Notes of a Native Son."

  • Meanwhile,

  • the Civil Rights movement was gaining momentum in America.

  • Black Americans were making incremental gains at registering to vote and voting,

  • but were still denied basic dignities in schools, on buses, in the work force,

  • and in the armed services.

  • Though he lived primarily in France for the rest of his life,

  • Baldwin was deeply invested in the movement,

  • and keenly aware of his country’s unfulfilled promise.

  • He had seen family, friends, and neighbors

  • spiral into addiction, incarceration and suicide.

  • He believed their fates originated from the constraints

  • of a segregated society.

  • In 1963,

  • he published "The Fire Next Time,"

  • an arresting portrait of racial strife

  • in which he held white America accountable,

  • but he also went further,

  • arguing that racism hurt white people too.

  • In his view,

  • everyone was inextricably enmeshed in the same social fabric.

  • He had long believed that:

  • People are trapped in history and history is trapped in them.”

  • Baldwin’s role in the Civil Rights movement

  • went beyond observing and reporting.

  • He also traveled through the American South

  • attending rallies giving lectures of his own.

  • He debated both white politicians and black activists,

  • including Malcolm X,

  • and served as a liaison between black activists and intellectuals

  • and white establishment leaders like Robert Kennedy.

  • Because of Baldwin’s unique ability

  • to articulate the causes of social turbulence

  • in a way that white audiences were willing to hear,

  • Kennedy and others tended to see him as an ambassador for black Americans

  • — a label Baldwin rejected.

  • And at the same time,

  • his faculty with words led the FBI to view him as a threat.

  • Even within the Civil Rights movement,

  • Baldwin could sometimes feel like an outsider

  • for his choice to live abroad, as well as his sexuality,

  • which he explored openly in his writing

  • at a time when homophobia ran rampant.

  • Throughout his life,

  • Baldwin considered it his role to bear witness.

  • Unlike many of his peers,

  • he lived to see some of the victories of the Civil Rights movement,

  • but the continuing racial inequalities in the United States weighed heavily on him.

  • Though he may have felt trapped in his moment in history,

  • his words have made generations of people feel known,

  • while guiding them toward a more nuanced understanding

  • of society’s most complex issues.

Over the course of the 1960s,

字幕と単語

動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

B1 中級

土着の息子のノート:ジェームズ・ボールドウィンによる世界 - クリスティーナ・グリア (Notes of a native son: the world according to James Baldwin - Christina Greer)

  • 12 1
    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
動画の中の単語