Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • It’s important to remember that Holmes wasn’t born Holmes. Holmes was born like you and

    重要なのは、ホームズが生まれたのはホームズではないということを覚えておくことです。ホームズは 君と同じように生まれた

  • me but probably with greater potential for certain elements of observation, but he learned


  • over time to think like Sherlock Holmes. At the beginning, he probably thought more like

    シャーロック・ホームズのように考えるようになった最初の頃は おそらく彼はもっと

  • Watson because that’s more of our natural state. He’s able to attain what he does


  • because he’s become an expert of sorts at observing.


  • He’s become an expert at person perception. What I mean by this is he has thousands and


  • thousands of hours of practice, and that practice has been interwoven with feedback. So I look


  • at you and I tell you something about yourselfAnd you say, “No, that’s actually wrong.

    あなたを見て 私は自分のことを話します するとあなたは「いや それは実は間違っている」と言います

  • That has nothing to do with me at all.” Or you say, “Wow. How did you know that?”


  • So I’m learning which details matter, which details don’t matter, which observations


  • are logical, which ones are false. And over time I build up that expertise that will allow


  • me to look at you and in one second say, “Hey, Watson, I think youve been in Afghanistan.”

    僕は 君を見て一瞬でこう言うんだ 「おい ワトソン 君は アフガニスタンに行ってたんだろう」ってね

  • And it seems like it’s completely just out of the blue, oh, my God, how did he know that?


  • But then if you go back, youll see that this is not intuition in the sense of just


  • “I knew it.” It’s intuition in the sense of expertise, in the sense of judgment that


  • has been honed over years and years of practice. So, for Holmes, the entire thought process

    何年も何年もの練習で磨かれてきたものだだから ホームズにとって 思考プロセス全体が

  • is akin to a scientist who is doing a research experiment, so someone who is doing - who

    は、研究実験をしている科学者に似ているので、誰かがやっている - 誰が

  • is following the scientific method. So for him the mind is like an attic, and what that


  • means is you can store only so much in it. The space is finite. And what you store and


  • how you store it is incredibly important as you try to figure out, how do I optimize my


  • mental resources? How do I then take the things I’ve stored and access them? How do I organize


  • them so that there are connections between them so that I can use them and make them


  • as part of kind of a broader whole so I can see the bigger picture and not just these


  • random components that I put there? So, what a researcher would do at the beginning


  • of an experiment is to say, what is my question? And that’s exactly what Holmes does. He


  • says, what is my goal? What do I want to accomplish? Before he ever opens a case, before he ever


  • meets a client, he already wants to know what is it that I want to get from this meeting.


  • And so he comes into the meeting with a prepared mindset. His attic has already been primed,


  • so to speak, to take in certain inputs and to not allow other inputs in. This is important


  • because attention is incredibly finite, and so we don’t have just endless resources,


  • so we can’t pay attention to everything; we do need to be selective to what we pay


  • attention to. Now the scientist after kind of setting this


  • hypothesis would say, okay, how would I go about testing it? That’s, once again, exactly


  • what Sherlock Holmes doesAfter he sets his goals, he goes about observing and collecting

    シャーロック・ホームズがすること 目標を設定した後、彼は観察し、収集するために進みます。

  • data, and asking, okay, how do I answer this question? And what is it about this conversation,


  • about this person, about this situation, whatever it happens to be, that will enable me to gather


  • the data that I will then be able to use to see whether my hypothesis holds up?


  • And then he does this thing that every great scientist does and I think mediocre scientists


  • probably do not, which is take a step back and learn to look at the data, recombine it,


  • look at different possibilities, be imaginative with that data to see, is there anything that


  • I didn’t think of beforehand? Is my mind still open? Do I still know what’s going


  • on? Does this data somehow make me think of new ideas, think of new approaches, think


  • of things that I hadn’t thought of in the past? And so he has this incredible space


  • for imagination, and I think that that is an essential part of the scientific method


  • as well. You know, scientists from Feynman to Einstein have really valued the importance


  • of imagination and have spoken a lot about it. So the reason I’m stressing this is


  • because people tend to forget it when they think about the scientific method.


  • Now finally, what you do after that is you go back to the data and you look at the - kind


  • of what youve done with it and you see what makes sense based on my observations.


  • Have I framed the question properly? Have I accomplished my goal or do I need to start


  • over? Because it’s an iterative process. You may need to go through this method over


  • and over and over until you finally come to a conclusion. And that's kind of the final

    何度も何度も何度も繰り返して 最終的に結論を出すまでそして、それが最終的には

  • step of Holmesapproach. He always keeps his education going. He realizes that the


  • scientific method doesn’t have an endYoure always going to have to go back the

    科学的方法に終わりはない あなたは、常に

  • beginning. It’s going to be a constant feedback loop.


It’s important to remember that Holmes wasn’t born Holmes. Holmes was born like you and

重要なのは、ホームズが生まれたのはホームズではないということを覚えておくことです。ホームズは 君と同じように生まれた


動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

A2 初級 日本語 ホームズ データ 観察 重要 シャーロック 専門


  • 103 9
    Why Why に公開 2020 年 08 月 06 日