字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Word Origins 106. Yeah. And since you know, Valentine's coming ... Valentine's Day is coming soon. I did a word origin about Cupid , erotic, and aphrodisiac. So they're all kind of related to Valentine's Day in one way or another. Anyway. Let's continue here. The origin of these words come from Greek and Roman mythology. In Roman mythology Cupid is the son of Venus. So the goddess Venus. Venus was the goddess of love in Greek mythology, he was known as Eros so Cupid was known as Eros and Venus was known as Aphrodite. Okay. Yeah. In case you don't know you know, the Greeks had these gods first and the Romans conquered them and the Romans liked their gods. So they kind of adopted it , but they changed a lot of names. So that's why you have a Greek name and a Roman name for a lot of these old gods. You know back at that time. All right. Let's continue. The word Cupid itself comes from the Latin word "Cupido." meaning desire. So that's why they ended up naming him Cupid. Thus Cupid is known as the God of desire, erotic love, and affection. You know, attraction. Anything like that. According to Roman mythology, Venus mated with Mars. Even though there's a few stories about where they mix up who she mated it with, but I think the main one is they say Venus and Mars. And Mars is the God of War. So I don't know is that why sometimes we have a lot of fights related to love ? I don't know maybe. Anyway. Let's continue. In Greek mythology Cupid's name is Eros. This is where we get the word erotic in English. So if you ever wondered where did it come from, it comes from Eros which is the Greek name for Cupid. Okay. Eros . Erotic in English means relating to sexual love, desire and excitement. Eros in Greek meant sexual love. The Greek name of Aphrodite is where we derive the English word for aphrodisiac in English. An aphrodisiac is any type of drug, food, drink you know, et cetera that is believed to stimulate sexual desire in people. Aphrodisiac comes directly from the Greek word aphrodisiakos . I guess that's why you know, the female god was called Aphrodite too. Okay. Meaning venereal. Okay. So we actually have another word here that's connected to its origin. In English venereal means of or relating to external sexual organs. So the sexual organs both for men and women on the outside is venereal. Okay. This is where we also get the term venereal disease. Yeah. You might have heard of that before which refers to any disease one can get through sex. So you know be careful. Practice safe sex I guess. In Roman theology cupid is a grown winged man with his bow and arrow. Okay. Yes. His arrows can make humans or gods fall in love with uncontrollable desire. Yes. In Greek mythology he was a slender winged youth and during the Hellenistic period, he was often portrayed as a cute chubby boy. Yeah. In the past I also did a ... we get a lot of words from Greek mythology and Roman mythology. And I did a word origin I think on psyche and echo and maybe another one you could check some of my old videos on word origin. So that was also related to a story with Cupid as well. Okay. And anyway, we have three examples here for these words. So one example for each of these three words. All right. Let's see the first one. Well Okay. Some types of food claimed by you know, by some , some people to be aphrodisiacs are watermelon, chocolate, oyster, chili, peppers. You know, whether you realize it or not in some cultures. Different people think that these might be the types of aphrodisiacs. Okay. figs, strawberries etc. Okay. you probably eat a lot of these without realizing this , but at least some people claim that you know, they are a type of aphrodisiac. Okay. All right. The second one here. Images of Cupid are often seen around Valentine's Day. Yes. Good and number three here . There was an erotic scene in that movie. All right. That's an example of each one . Yeah. I think last year I did the origin of Valentine's Day so if you like this one. Or you like the ones thats related to Greek mythology check out some of my old word origins. You might see them too. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope you enjoyed it. I hope you've found that it was very informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.