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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 387.

  • All right. The title of today's lesson is the difference between compared to and

  • compared with. Now over the years I've had a number of students ask me this and

  • this is really a tough one because the meaning is almost exactly the same. So

  • let's take a look at the note of that part first. Both phrases being in

  • relation to or judged against. You're basically comparing one thing to another.

  • Okay. Let's continue here. A number of dictionaries such as Webster's and

  • Collins actually lists compared with as a variant of compared to. You know, so one

  • it's another variation of having basically the same meaning. This word

  • would suggest in many cases they are interchangeable. Where you can just use

  • one or the other in many , many situations. Now having said that. I did find some

  • guidelines where you're a little more likely to use one than the other. But

  • really with some native speakers these are almost exactly the same. They're used

  • almost exactly the same. But let's cover the guidelines and see whether it is

  • true that maybe in this particular case this one's a little more common than

  • that one. It doesn't mean the other one is entirely wrong. So that this one

  • either compared to or compared with would be more common in a particular

  • case. All right. So let's look at the first part here. One is more likely to use

  • compared to in order to bring attention to or suggest similarities. Yeah. Compared

  • to is focusing more on the similarities between things or objects considered to

  • be of a different order or kind. So even though there are of a different order

  • you're suggesting something similar about them. Okay. Let's look at it. Here's a

  • couple of examples of this. He compared his retirement to an endless vacation.

  • Now obviously retirement and endless vacation are completely different things.

  • They're not of the same order, but there is some similarities. He's comparing it

  • to this. You know, maybe it just feels like he it goes on and on.

  • Well number two here. She compared her childhood to a prison sentence. Yeah.

  • Maybe she had to work as a child or was forced to work as a child and you know,

  • she's thinking back about that. So again you're showing that this is like this.

  • But really childhood and a prison sentence are very different things. They're of a

  • different order. But she's stressing the similarities between the two or maybe

  • the feelings between the two were ... Okay. Good. Let's continue. One is more likely

  • to use compared with to bring attention to the differences. So compared

  • with focuse a little bit more on stressing the differences of objects or

  • things of the same order. Okay. Okay. She ... but maybe this was an author or you

  • know speaker. She compared the Trump administration with the Obama

  • administration. So they're both administrations. But yet she's probably

  • stressing the differences between them. Maybe the way Trump runs his

  • administration is very , very different from the way Obama ran his

  • administration. So that's what they're saying here they are stressing the

  • differences but it's something of the same order The administration, the

  • administration of the government. So that part is the same, but they're stressing

  • the differences in these cases. You should probably use them compared with

  • would be more common. Okay. All right. Let's continue. He compared

  • living in Tokyo with living in Taipei. Okay. Again maybe you, you want to show

  • the differences about living in these two different places but they're both

  • talking about living in a major city. So it's kind of on the same order of the

  • same kind. All right. Well, let's continue. All right. Let's see

  • One is more likely to use compared to when the purpose is to state two or more

  • items or people are similar. So again the focus is stressing the similarities

  • without the need to explain in detail. So let's again give an example.

  • He compared the struggles of Gandhi to free India or the people of India and

  • improve rights of Indian citizens to the struggles of Martin Luther King trying

  • to improve civil rights for African Americans. Okay.

  • So again you're trying to stress the similarities here. All right. Then we

  • could say one is more likely to use compared with when placing facts or

  • items next to each other. Okay. This one can be either stressing differences or

  • similarities. John's pitching record of 24 wins and 10 losses is much better

  • compared with Jack's record of 12 wins and 15 losses. So you're really putting

  • the two records right next to each other. So you can compare them and you could

  • show the differences between them. But you , you have them kind of lined up. In

  • this case they say compared with would be a little more common. But again, they

  • they are so close in meaning they are kind of interchangeable. I wouldn't worry

  • too much but there's just some cases where you're a little more likely to use

  • one than the other. But the question had come up many, many times. Okay. Anyway, I

  • hope you got a better feel. I hope you enjoyed it. I hope it was clear. Thank you

  • for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 387.


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英語家庭教師ニックPレッスン(387) 比較されているのと比較されているのとの違い (English Tutor Nick P Lesson (387) The Difference Between Compared to and Compared With)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日