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  • [TED: Ideas worth spreading.]

    [TED: みんなに広げたい考え方]

  • You're probably familiar with FOMO.

    FOMO という言葉については皆さん耳にしたことがあると思います。

  • That's short for "Fear Of Missing Out."

    Fear Of Missing Out(取り残されることへの恐れ)の短縮形ですが

  • It's that feeling you get when it seems like everyone else is doing something better than what you're doing right now.


  • But there's another FO you need to know about, and it's far more dangerous.

    でも別の FO というのが存在して、こっちの方がもっと危険なんです。

  • It's called FOBO, and it's short for "fear of a better option."

    それは FOBO と呼ばれるもので、Fear of a better option(より良い選択肢への恐れ)の短縮形です。

  • [TED: The way we work.]

    [TED: 私たちの生活]

  • [Made possible with the support of Dropbox.]

    [Dropbox の提供でお送りします]

  • We live in a world of overwhelming choice.


  • Even decisions that used to be simple, like choosing a restaurant or making everyday purchases, are now fraught with overanalysis.


  • Technology has only made the issue more pronounced.


  • If you want to buy a pair of white shoelaces online, you have to sort through thousands of items and read through hundreds of reviews.


  • That's an astounding amount of information to process to just buy two pieces of string that cost less than your morning latte.

    コーヒー 1 杯分もしないヒモを買うだけだと考えると、これは驚異的な情報量です。

  • Chances are you've experienced FOBO when you've struggled to choose just one from a group of perfectly acceptable outcomes.

    どれも納得いきそうな選択肢の中から一つだけを選ぶ時に、FOBO の状態になることがあります。

  • It's a symptom of a culture which sees value in collecting and preserving as many options as possible.


  • You might wonder why all of this is so bad.


  • It seems counterintuitive.


  • Shouldn't it be a privilege to have so many good options to choose from?


  • The problem is, FOBO induces such severe analysis paralysis that it can negatively impact both your personal and your professional life.

    ここで問題となってくるのは、FOBO は深刻な分析マヒを起こしてしまうことで、プライベートや仕事の両方に悪影響を及ぼしてしまう可能性があるわけです。

  • When you can't make decisions with conviction, you waste precious time and energy.


  • Luckily, there is a way to overcome FOBO.

    有り難い事に、FOBO を乗り越える方法はあります。

  • Here's a secret.


  • With any decision you make, you first have to determine the stakes, as this will inform your decision-making strategy.


  • When it comes down to it, you only really face three types of decisions in life: high stakes, low stakes, and no stakes.

    意思決定について考えると、実際のところ種類は 3 つしかありません。重要度大・重要度小・そして重要度ナシです。

  • Let's start with no-stakes decisions.


  • These are the minor details of life, where there is almost never an incorrect answer, and in a few hours, you won't even remember making the decision in the first place.


  • A good example of this is choosing what to watch on TV.


  • With thousands of shows, it's easy to get overwhelmed, yet no matter what you pick, the consequences are basically nonexistent.


  • So spending more than a few moments on FOBO is a massive waste of energy.

    ですから、FOBO 状態に長くとどまっていることは、体力の大きな無駄遣いです。

  • You just need to move on.


  • When it comes to no-stakes decisions, the key is to outsource them to the universe.


  • For example, you can whittle down your choices to just two and then flip a coin.

    例えば、選択肢を 2 つにまで削って、最後はコイントスで決めるとか。

  • Or try my personal favorite, ask the watch.


  • Assign each one of your choices to one half of your watch, then let the second hand tell you what you're going to do.

    2 つの選択肢を 1 つずつ腕時計の半分の面に当てはめて、パッと見て秒針がある面の選択肢を選ぶというものです。

  • Looks like I'll be having the fish.


  • That brings us to low-stakes decisions.


  • These have consequences, but none are earth-shattering, and there are plenty of acceptable outcomes.


  • Many routine things at work, like purchasing a printer, booking a hotel or choosing between possible venues for an off-site are classically low-stakes in nature.


  • Some thinking is required, but these aren't make-or-break deliberations, and you'll probably have forgotten about them in a few weeks.


  • Here, you can also outsource decision-makingbut you want some critical thinking involved, as there are some stakes.


  • This time, you'll outsource to a person.


  • Set some basic criteria, select someone to present a recommendation, and then take their advice.


  • Make sure to avoid the temptation to canvass.


  • Your goal is to clear your plate, not to kick the can down the road.


  • Now that you tackled low-stakes and no-stakes decisions, you've created the space and time you'll need to handle high-stakes decisions.


  • These are things like "Which house should I buy?" or "Which job should I accept?"


  • Since the stakes are high and there are long-term implications, you absolutely want to get it right.


  • Before we get to work, let's establish a few basic principles to guide you through the process.


  • First, think about what really matters to you, and set your criteria accordingly.

    第 1 に、自分にとって一番大事な物を考えて、それに従って基準を設定します。

  • Second, gather the relevant facts.

    第 2 に、関連のある事実を集めます。

  • Make sure you collect data about all of the options, so you can be confident that you're truly making an informed decision.


  • And third, remember that FOBO, by nature, comes when you struggle to choose just one from a group of perfectly acceptable options.

    3 番目は、FOBO というのはそもそもどの選択肢を選んだとしても結果は悪くはないという中から1つを選ぶ時に発生するものですから

  • So no matter what you choose, you can rest assured that the downside is limited.


  • Now that you've established some ground rules, the process can begin.


  • Start by identifying a front-runner based on your intuition, then compare each of your options head-to-head with the front-runner, one-by-one.

    直感に基づいて比較対象となる要素を 1 つ選び、その他のオプションを選んだ要素に対して1対1で照らし合わせて比較していきます。

  • Each time, choose the better of the two based on the criteria, and discard the other one.


  • Here's the trick to avoiding FOBO.

    FOBO になるのを避けるコツはこうです。

  • When you eliminate an option, it's gone forever.


  • If you keep returning to discarded options, you risk getting stuck.


  • Now repeat this process until you get down to one final choice.


  • If you follow this system, you will usually end up with a decision on your own.


  • On the rare occasion that you get stuck, you will outsource the final decision to a small group of qualified people who you trust and who are equipped to provide you with guidance on this particular topic.


  • Engage a group of five or less, ideally an odd number of people so that you have a built-in tiebreaker if you need it.

    人数は 5 人かそれ以下にしておいて、出来れば奇数で収めておけば必ずどちらかの意見が多くなりますから便利です。

  • Now that you've made your choice, one last challenge remains.


  • You have to commit.


  • I can't promise you that you'll ever truly know if you've made the perfect decision, but I can tell you this: a significant percentage of people in the world will never have to worry about FOBO.

    皆さんがたどり着いた決断は本当にベストなものかどうかは約束できませんが、これだけは言えます。世の中の大多数の人は FOBO に悩む必要がありません。

  • Unlike the billions of people who have few options, if any, due to war, poverty or illness, you have plentiful opportunities to live decisively.


  • You may not get everything you want, but the mere fact you get to decide is powerful.


  • In fact, it's a gift.


  • Make the most of it.


[TED: Ideas worth spreading.]

[TED: みんなに広げたい考え方]

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B1 中級 日本語 TED 選択 決定 重要 決断 選ぶ

素早い意志決断を助けるコツ (How to make faster decisions | The Way We Work, a TED series)

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    Seraya に公開 2020 年 04 月 08 日