字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 380. The title of today's lesson is the difference between exile, banish, and deport. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here. Now this is one which sometimes students will ask you know, what's the difference between these three because they are similar in meaning. So let's look at the note. If someone has been exiled or he's living in exile, he or she has been forced to live in a foreign country because they cannot live in their own. Okay. Let's continue. Exile can be a little tricky because, because there are two types. There's two types of Exile. The first one is someone could be exiled by force as a punishment and the second one could be a voluntary one. So if it's a voluntary one they probably know that if they went back, something bad may happen to them. Maybe they may get charged with a crime. Maybe they may be in prison. Maybe their life is in danger. Whatever it is, they know that they can't go back. So the second one is a voluntary one. Nobody forced them out. Nobody pushed them out. The first one somebody did force them out. Well , let's continue. Someone can only be exiled from one's own country. All right. So when you're comparing the three, exile is the only one that you get exiled out from your own country. Your native country you get exiled from. Okay. Let's continue. Here's a couple of examples to explain it better. Now Napoleon was exiled to the Isle island of Elba after abdicating. When you abdicate it means to gave up your throne. Abdicating his throne and agreeing to the Treaty of Fontainbeau. Fontainbeau. Okay. Now this is an example where you are forced and usually when you're exiled and you're forced sometimes you're forced to stay in one place. Like he was supposed to just stay on that island. That island of Elba and, and this is another one we're going to talk about that later. Both exile and banish you know, in former times when they did it sometimes they did it rather than like a death penalty. So Napoleon was still pretty popular actually was popular enough that he escaped from his exile and took back over France again. And then got exiled for a second time. But the second time was his last time. And he ended up dying in exile the second time. But that was one where both times he was forced. That was a forced exile. All right. Let's continue. The Dalai Lama voluntarily exiled himself from Tibet over sixty years ago. Yeah. I think he got word that the Chinese government was going to take him into custody or arrest him. I think he feared for his life and he ran away before that happened. And he never actually returned to China or Tibet again. Okay. So, so he actually exiled himself. So he lives in exile now. He can go to other places though he can go all around. See when you do it on your own , and you do it voluntarily you know, as long as you have some sort of a passport or someplace you could go to other countries. You don't have to stay in the one place if you did it voluntarily. Maybe somebody like Edward Snowden you could say is living in exile in Russia. Although he's he's a little different because his, his US passport was cancelled. So unless, unless Russia gave him another passport. He's not really supposed to leave Russia. Okay. Good. All right. Let's continue here. All right. Now the next one, we are up to banish now. So if someone is banished, he or she is officially ordered. Usually by decree to leave a country. So this one is not voluntary. This one's never voluntary. Usually the government made a decision and told to get out. I think banished ... I hear it often here like in fairy tales or stories years ago. When there was a king or an emperor ... again it might be somebody who they didn't really want to kill. There's just but they did something that you know it probably would have made them look bad , if they didn't tell them, okay just leave. Never come back. And you know, we won't kill you. That's kind of the idea. So yeah. So it could, it could be his native country or another country. Yeah. So you could be banished, in the past you could have been banished from the country that was your country or it could have been another country that you were just living in. That you may not have been a citizen of either. Where exile you can only be exiled from your own country. Banish could be either your country or another country that you were staying in for a long time. Okay. Good. In former times, if one tried to return from being banished from punishment, the punishment was usually death. So they did banish you but they usually said you believed you could never come back if you come back then the real punishment will come to you and that would usually be death. Okay. Just like I said here. Often both exile and banishing ... Something or someone was an alternative to the death penalty. So you know, they could have just killed you too. So they were kind of nice enough to just let you go. All right. And we have one example here. You know, the king banished him from his kingdom. So you told him to get out never come back again. All right. And now the third one of course here. If we say. If someone is deported he or she is sent out of a country in which they were taken into custody and which was not their native country. Yes. So you can't be deported from your own country or the one that you are like a citizen of. Someone is .... someone who was deported is usually ... is usually deported because maybe they're an illegal alien. Okay. Yes. This could be because he is an illegal resident without a visa. Okay. Or maybe they actually came with a real visa but they overstayed it for a long time. So they're still illegal and they got caught they could be deported for that reason. Or one has broken a law. So you could be there on a visa but you broke a law while you're there and it was serious enough that they want to deport you. Probably not too serious though. If it's really serious like murder or something, they they will probably charge you and put you in jail. But if it's something like less serious. Like of course you know, overstaying your visa or maybe working illegally you know, they don't really want to put you in jail for that. Or some some other minor thing. It's maybe... they figure it's not worth their time to incarcerate you. To put you into jail. Just send you back to your own country. So you're just not their problem anymore. Okay. So good. Again like I said usually not a felony. Felony is a different story. A misdemeanor they may just deport you. Felony, no you might go to their jail. It is usually preferred to deport someone for, for you know, for a crime that's not really a felony. Yeah. Okay. Good and all right and we just got a couple examples here. He was deported for being an illegal alien. Yes. If they found someone and they were really not a citizen or like I said... If they overstayed a visa for a long time where they didn't seem to have any intention to leave they could be deported for that reason alone. Or that foreigner was deported when she got caught in a prostitute ring. So maybe she got arrested and then they realized she wasn't a citizen and then they deported her too so it could be for a crime like that. Maybe they don't really want to jail you for a long time for that. Just again send you back. You're a problem. Just get rid of the problem by sending you back to your own native country. Okay. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it is clear. I hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.