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00:00:01,765 --> 00:00:05,740 Japan's reputation for hard work is well deserved.
The OECD says Japan's sleep deficit is
among the worst in the world.
And, according to labour groups, overtime routinely takes
Japanese workers above the potentially deadly 100 hours
a month mark.
What's more the situation is actually getting worse.
When the survey was conducted in 2014 Japanese on average
got 21 minutes more sleep than they do today.
Sleep experts are particularly worried.
They see a labour culture that praises devotion to work over
mental and physical health.
At the extreme end of the overtime and sleep deprivation
issue is the phenomenon known as karoshi, death by overwork.
Yukimi Takahashi has experienced the dark side of Japan's work
culture at first hand.
Her daughter, Matsuri, committed suicide just a year
after graduating and joining advertising giant Dentsu.
00:01:38,935 --> 00:01:40,870 The country told itself that Matsuri's death
must mean something.
That it was time for a change.
In the aftermath Dentsu made a big deal
about introducing rules to limit working hours.
Lights automatically switch off on the dot of 10pm, supposedly
to stop people from working late,
although reports from within the company
suggest the toil continues anyway
under the glow of desk lamps.
But Japan's overwork crisis isn't just
about advertising and media.
It's also about construction.
For the last four years Tokyo has
been in an unprecedented construction boom.
But within that boom the biggest project by far
has been the preparations for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
The problem with all of this is that the construction has been
going on at a time where Japan's labour market has never been
There just aren't enough people to do all this construction
And because people are working harder and longer
to get everything done on time that's
having a terrible effect on the health of those workers.
Karoshi is officially blamed for around 200 deaths every year.
Sleep experts believe that figure understates the problem
and that what was assumed to be Japan's
paternalistic working culture is in reality
a black spot for health.
00:03:17,765 --> 00:03:20,959 One of the possible solutions is this place here in Oimachi,
right in the heart of Tokyo.
It's a sleep cafe that opened earlier this year
as a kind of experiment.
You come here and for $15 you get
this bed, blackout curtains, and the chance
to sleep for an hour in the middle of the day.
And then at the end you're woken up with a strong cup of coffee
and you're back in the workforce.
Sleep expert Dr Jun Kohyama says a nap is fine,
but the need for a midday snooze is a signal
of a bigger underlying problem.
00:04:22,310 --> 00:04:24,310 But there are some who believe there is at least
a little scope for change.
Crazy is a small business taking a radically different approach
to employee welfare.
Its strategies include paying a cash bonus to staff
who sleep longer at night.
00:05:13,930 --> 00:05:15,760 Crazy plans bespoke weddings that
break with the conservative traditions of the past.
It's a template of innovation that the company is trying
to apply to employee welfare.
00:05:36,130 --> 00:05:40,840 For Yukimi, nothing can make up for the loss of her daughter.
But if Matsuri's death proves the catalyst
behind fundamental change in Japan's working culture
at least it would give it some meaning.
00:06:30,150 --> 00:06:33,330 As Japan's overworked ranks of blue and white collar workers
know all too well, changing the rules
is not exactly the same as changing the culture.


日本人の過労死を抑制するには(Curbing death by overwork in Japan | FT)

39 タグ追加 保存
ayami 2019 年 12 月 4 日 に公開
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