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  • I've had some requests to go over the pronunciation of various contractions.


  • So, let's start with the 'to be' contractions, as in I am, you are, we are. First, I'm. It's

    では、まず、I am, you are, we areのように 'to beの短縮形から始めましょう。まず、I'm。これは

  • one syllable, the 'ai' as in 'buy' diphthong and the M consonant sound. I'm here, I'm here.

    1音節で、 'buy'のように 'ai'の二重音とMの子音があります。i'm here, i'm here.

  • You are, you're: begins with the Y consonant sound, then the schwa, and finally the R consonant


  • sound. You're, you're. You're here! You're welcome. He's, she's, and it's. Now the apostrophe

    音がする。あなたは、あなたは、あなたは、あなたは。Youལre here!どういたしまして。He's, she's, it's.今度はアポストロフィ

  • S for the word 'is' in these three contractions is pronounced as a Z sound for he and she,

    これらの3つの短縮形の中で 'is' のSは、彼と彼女のZ音として発音されます。

  • and as an S sound for it's. He's, zzz, zzz, Z sound, she's, zzz, zzz, Z sound, it's, sss,


  • S sound. The apostrophe S in he's, she's, and it's, can also be shortening the word

    S音です。he's, she's, it'sのアポストロフィSは、単語を短くすることもできます。

  • 'has', not just 'is'. He has, he's been here before. She has, she's, she's been here before.

    ただの 'ではなく 'があるのです。彼は、以前にもここに来たことがあります。彼女は、彼女は、彼女は、彼女は以前にここにいたことがあります。

  • It has, it's, it's been here for a while. We're begins with the W consonant sound. It

    It has, it's, it's, it'sはしばらく前からありました。we'reはW子音から始まります。それは

  • then has the schwa/R sound combination, just like the 'er' as in 'her' vowel sound: ww,

    のように、母音を表す記号である 'herལ のように 'er' のように schwa/R音の組み合わせを持っています: ww.

  • er. So even though it would be written with two different symbol sounds, it's just the


  • one rr, rr, rr sound. We're, we're, we're coming! They're: pronounced just like these

    ワン・ラー・ラー・ラー・ラーの音が鳴るWe're, we're, we're, we're, we're coming!They're: これらと同じように発音する

  • two words their/there. Th, the voiced TH sound, th, the 'eh' as in 'bed', the-er, er. The

    二語の their/there.thは、声付きのth音、thは、 'bed'のように 'eh'、the-er、er。

  • schwa/R sound finishing off the word. They're. They're. They're here! Question words are

    schwa/R音が単語の最後を締めくくる。They're.They're.They're here!疑問詞は

  • often part of contractions as well. For example, how is. How's, how's. The S is pronounced

    短縮形の一部として使われることが多いです。例えば、how's, how's.sは発音すると

  • as a Z sound, how's. How's it going? Why's, why is. Why's, again it is pronounced like

    Zの音として、how's.How's it going?why's, why is.Why's、またしても発音は

  • a Z sound. It's pronounced just like this word wise. Why's, why's it there? What is,


  • what's. So the apostrophe S is pronounced as an S, what's. Now, make sure you get the

    what'sです。ですから、アポストロフィSはS, what'sと発音します。では、必ず

  • T for 'what' in there. It's a stop, what's, not just an S sound. What---ss. So do move

    T for 'what' in there.これはストップ、What'sで、ただのS音ではありません。What---ssです。だから移動して

  • the tongue up to the roof of the mouth to make that stop for the T. What's, what's.


  • What's it doing there? The apostrophe S could also be the word does. What does, what's.

    何をしているのでしょうか?アポストロフィsはdoesという単語にもなります。what does, what's.

  • What's it mean? When. When is becomes when's, zz, zz. Here the apostrophe S is pronounced

    どういう意味だ?whenです。when is は when's, zz, zz になります。ここではアポストロフィsは

  • as a Z. When's, when's, when is, when's it over? The apostrophe S can also mean does.

    をZにして、when's, when's, when is, when's it over?アポストロフィsはdoesという意味にもなります。

  • When does, when's, again, pronounced as a Z, when's it end? When does it end, when's

    When does, when's, again, pronounced as a Z, when's it end?いつ終わるのか、when's

  • it end? The have contractions. These are written as apostrophe VE, and when the word before


  • ends in a vowel or diphthong sound, it simply adds the V consonant sound to the end of that

    が母音またはジフォン音で終わる場合は、その末尾に V の子音を追加するだけです。

  • syllable. I, I have, I've, I've, vvv. I've been waiting. You have, you've, you've. Again,

    という音節があります。I, I have, I've, I've, vvv. I've have, you've, you've.またかよ。

  • the word 'you' pronounced just the same, only with, vv, a V sound at the end. You've. The


  • Y consonant sound, 'oo' as in 'boo' vowel, and the V consonant sound. You've, you've

    Yの子音、 'boo'母音のような 'oo'母音のような 'o'母音のような 'o'母音のような 'o'母音のような 'o'母音のような 'v子音のような 'vYou've, you've

  • been waiting. We have, we've. The W consonant sound, the 'ee' as in 'she' vowel, and the

    待っていましたwe have, we've.W の子音、 'she'母音のような 'ee'と

  • V consonant. It's pronounced just like this word, weave. We've, we've been waiting. They

    Vの子音。この単語のweaveと同じように発音します。We've, we've been waiting.彼らは

  • have, they've. They've. The voiced TH sound, the 'ay' as in 'say' diphthong, they, they,

    彼らはしてきたthey've.声付きのth音、 'ay'のように複音、they, they.

  • vv. And the V sound. They've. They've been waiting. The next set of words with the 'have'

    vv. そしてV音。彼らは彼らは待っていた。次の 'have&#39 を持つ単語の集合です。

  • contraction all end in a consonant. So rather than just adding a V sound, it actually adds


  • another, unaccented syllable: the schwa sound followed by the V sound. For example, could

    別の、アクセントのない音節: スワ音の後にV音が続きます。例えば

  • have, could've, could've, ve, ve. Separate, extra syllable at the end. Could've. I wish

    have, could've, could've,ve,ve.別々に、最後に余分な音節をつける。could've.私の願いは

  • I could've seen it. Should have, should've, should've, ve, ve. I should've known. Would


  • have, would've. Again, it's the first syllable, woul-dve, that is stressed and, -dve: low

    have, would've.繰り返しになりますが、最初の音節であるwoul-dveが強調されています。

  • in pitch and volume. Would've. It would've been nice. Might have. Now the T here is going


  • to be pronounced as a flap T, so it will actually sound like a D: might've, might've. Dve, dve,

    はフラップTと発音するので、実際にはD: might've, might'veのように聞こえます。dve, dve.

  • mai-dve, might've. I might've gone. The 'will' contractions. All of these contractions have

    mai-dve, might've.I might've gone.the 'will'の収縮。これらの収縮はすべて

  • a dark L that is added at the end. I've said before, the dark L has a vowel-like sound


  • that's not written in IPA: uh, uh, uhl, before the tongue moves up into the final position.


  • So let's take example I, I'll, I--'ll, uhl, that dark L sound on the end. I will, I'll.

    では例を挙げてみましょう I, I'll, I--'ll, uhl, that dark L sound on the end.I will, I'll.

  • I'll be there soon. You will, you'll. You---uhl. Dark L at the end. You'll. You'll need to


  • come quickly. With the he will and she will contractions, the ee vowel might relax a little

    早く来てhe will と she will の陣痛では ee の母音が少し緩むかもしれない

  • into the 'ih' as in 'sit' vowel. He will, he'll, he'll, he'll be here soon. She will,

    を母音の 'sit' のように 'ih' に変換します。He will, he'll, he'll, he'll, he'll will be here soon.彼女は来るでしょう。

  • she'll, becomes more with the ih sound she'll, she'll, she'll be here soon. It will. It'll.

    she'll, becomes more with ih sound she'll, she'll, she'll, she'll is soon here.そうなるでしょう。it'll.

  • Notice the T here is pronounced as a flap T, the D sound. It'll. It'll be ok. With the

    ここでのTはフラップT、D音と発音されていることに注意してください。It'll.It'll be ok.を使って

  • we will contraction you might find, again, that the 'ee' as in 'she' vowel relaxes into

    we will contractionを使うと、またしても 'he'の母音のように 'ee'がリラックスして

  • the 'ih' as in 'sit' vowel. We will, we'll, we'll. It sounds a lot like the word 'will'.

    は 'sit'の母音のようにwe will, we'll, we'll.という言葉によく似ていますね。

  • We'll be there tomorrow. The will, they'll. They'll. The TH, th, voiced sound, 'ay' as

    明日はそこにいる遺言書は、彼らが彼らは、そうするだろう。th,th,声のある音、 'ay'のように

  • in 'say' diphthong, and the dark L sound. Uhl, uhl, they'll. They'll be here soon. How

    で 'say'ジフォン、暗いL音。ウール、ウール、彼らが来る。彼らはすぐにここに来るだろう。どのように

  • will becomes how'll, which sounds just like this word howl. How will, how'll, how'll you

    will は how'll になりますが、これはこのハウルという言葉と同じように聞こえます。how will, how'll, how'll you

  • get there? Where will becomes where'll, where'll, where---'ll. Where'll you be? When will, when'll.

    になるのか?where will は where'll, where'll, where---'ll になります。Where'llは、どこにいるのか?When willは、when'llになります。

  • When'll I see you again? What will. Again, the T here will be pronounced as a D, it's


  • flapped. What'll, what'll. And you'll notice that the contraction adds a second unaccented

    バタバタした。What'll, what'll.そして、この短縮形には、第二のアクセントのない

  • syllable. What'll. What'll it be? The words had and would can both be represented by the

    音節。What'll.what'll it be?hasとwouldという単語は、両方とも

  • apostrophe D. In the word I'd, it's simply a D sound at the end of the 'ai' as in 'buy'

    アポストロフィ D. I'dという単語では、 'ai'buy'のように、 'ai'の最後にある単純なD音です。

  • diphthong. I'd. I'd go if I could. You would, or you had, you'd, you'd. The Y consonant

    ジフトンです。I'd.I'dは行けるなら行きます。you would, or you had, you'd, you'd.Y子音の

  • sound, the 'oo' as in 'boo', and the D sound. You'd, all one syllable. You'd like it. She

    のように 'boo' の音、そして D の音です。You'd、すべて1音節です。You'd like it.彼女は

  • had, or would, and he had, or would, again, the apostrophe D simply adds the D sound at


  • the end of the syllable. She'd, he'd. She'd been there before. He'd been there before.

    音節の最後に彼女は、彼は。She'd been there before.彼は前にそこにいた

  • It. Now, when you add the apostrophe D here, it'd, it'd, you change the T to a D sound,

    イットです。さて、ここにアポストロフィDをつけると、it'd, it'd, it'd, tをdの音に変えます。

  • and the apostrophe D adds a syllable. It's going to be the schwa and the D sound. It'd,


  • it'd. So that 's the 'ih' as in 'sit' sound, ih, dud. The D - schwa - D sound. It'd, it'd,

    it'd.ということは 'sit'のように 'ih'の音、ih、dudですね。d - schwa - dの音です。it'd, it'd.

  • it'd be nice. The apostrophe D with the word 'we', again, is just simply the D sound at


  • the end of that word, not adding a syllable. We'd. We'd. It's pronounced just like this


  • word 'weed'. We'd better get going. The D with they, again, simply adds the D sound.

    という言葉があります。We'd better get going.theyのついたdは、またしても単純にdの音を加えています。

  • They'd, they'd. They'd seen it twice before. The apostrophe D on the word how again just


  • adds the D sound. How'd, how'd, how'd. How'd it go? The apostrophe D can also represent

    はD音を追加します。どうでしょう、どうでしょう、どうでしょう、どうでしょう。how'd it go?アポストロフィDは

  • the word 'did' as in the following two examples. Again with the word 'where', when you add

    のように 'did' という単語を使用しています。再び 'where' という単語で、次のように

  • the apostrophe D, you simply add the D sound at the end. Where'd, where'd, where'd it go?

    アポストロフィDを使っている場合は 単純に最後にDの音を追加しますdはどこに、dはどこに、dはどこに、それはどこに行くのですか?

  • Why did, why'd. Why'd. Again just adds a D sound, and it's pronounced just like this

    なぜかというと、なぜかというと、なぜかというとWhy did, why'd.もう一度言いますが、Dの音を加えただけで、次のように発音します。

  • word 'wide'. Why'd. Why'd you do it?

    ワード 'ワイド'。なぜ'dなぜ、それをしたのですか?

I've had some requests to go over the pronunciation of various contractions.



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B2 中上級 日本語 アポストロフィ 母音 子音 発音 音節 its


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    Susy に公開 2013 年 11 月 07 日