字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Adverb Phrase 22. The adverb phrase today is by and large. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here. If someone uses the adverb phrase by and large it means mainly it means mostly. Let's continue. You could also substitute other phrases such as for the most part, usually, on the whole, etc. You know, depending on the situation one may fit a little better than the other. To have nearly the same meaning . Okay . Let's continue. The origin of this phrase actually comes from nautical terms. You know, nautical relating to like the Navy or the sea or sailing. Nautical terms often used by sailors dating back many centuries ago. Large basically was used when the wind was blowing with you. So in your direction. In the direction you preferred. . Okay. Therefore the wind was blowing from behind the ship and helping and providing energy to move in that direction. So this is generally the easier way of sailing. When the wind is going with you and it's helping you move in that direction. That's the way you'd like it. Most of the time. That was referred to as large. Okay. By basically meant that you were traveling in the direction facing the wind or within six compass points of itself. This was the harder one. This was where the wind is going against you. Okay. Let's continue. The earliest known citing seems to be from Samuel Sturay, in the Mariner's magazine 1669. So it's a long time ago. So this, so this phrase for sailing terms goes back a long long way. Thus you see ... So here's actually a quote from him in this 1969 magazine. "Thus you see the ship handled in fair weather and foul. " Fair weather means good weather or beautiful weather. Foul, of course, it means bad. In this case, " by and large. And of course large was spelled very different way back then. All right. Let's continue. Thus, to sail by and large meant you could sail in almost any weather. So this is how it took on the meaning of mostly. This is why it ended up being mostly. Because you, you can mostly sail in any weather or any type of thing. Because you were skilled in both. Okay. Let's continue. All right. So we just have a couple of examples here. Here's the first example number one. By and large everything seemed to go smoothly. So everything mostly seemed to go smoothly or for the most part everything went smoothly. So that's pretty much what we mean with this first example. Number two. This speech is by and large , you know, mostly or mainly or on the whole very well written. We just may need to make a few slight adjustments . Okay. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it was clear. I hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye- bye.