字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Verb Phrase 153. The verb phrase today is take on and we'll cover actually six meanings and six different uses of this verb phrase today. It's a very common verb phrase. Maybe you know one or two of these but you probably don't know them all. So let's, let's start. Here's the first one number one. If someone takes on something, he or she accepts more burden, more responsibility, more tasks etc. basically. So this is one of the most common ways we say this. That somebody will take on more responsibility. They will take on more duty. All right. So let's look at a couple of examples we have here. That new job will require that you take on more responsibility. Yes. Sometimes you know, if it's a promotion sometimes with promotions come more responsibility. That's why sometimes they're willing to pay you more money too. Or number two here. We say some volunteers took on the task of cleaning up the garbage from that Beach. Yeah. A lot of times we'll say take on too when somebody accepts a duty or responsibility or tasks that they really don't have to do. So like if you're a volunteer you probably don't have to do it, but you decided to do it anyway. So you took on this task. You took on this burden. Okay. Good. Let's look at the second one here. If someone takes on another meaning you know, another person or another organization, he or she begins to fight, argue or compete with someone. So you could do it like it's a challenge in a way. According to the Biblical story only a teenage boy named David was willing to take on Goliath. Yes. So remember that's the old story from the Bible of David and Goliath and David was this young teenage boy and everybody was too afraid to fight Goliath who is the big. You know he was like a big giant, but David decided to step up and he took him on. So he you know to challenge him basically. Challenge in this case literally to a fight. Okay. Good. Let's continue. A second example. The Boston Red Sox are scheduled to take on the Yankees this weekend. Yeah. You might hear it reported on the news this way on the sports station. It just means that you're willing ... you're going to compete with them. You're going to challenge them in the game. Okay. Let's look at number three here. If a person or company takes on more employees , workers, etc. they hire more workers. So this is a simple one. But not everybody realizes that we use this use of take on too. So let's look at you know, an example we have here that company has a hiring freeze. Yeah. Sometimes they'll do this. It means for a period of time they said they're not going to hire anybody at this time. They don't want to take on any new employees because they anticipate a recession in the near future. So they're anticipating a recession. They realize during the recession they might have to layoff or downsize people. So you don't want to hire new ones before that happens because you don't want to be training people then have to fire them before they even finish their training or only after they recently been trained. Okay. Good. Let's look at number four here. If a person or company borrows more money, they take on more debt. Yeah we hear this all the time. If you take on more debt you you're responsible for more debt. So it's kind of related to the responsibility too, All right. Let's look at this. Ever since the 2008 financial crisis many countries have been taking on more and more debt. All right. So that's an example of that. Okay. Number five. If something takes on something else it begins to obtain or get new new traits or characteristics of it. So things that it didn't have before. Okay. Let's look at the first one here. Over time many words start to take on a new meaning. Yes. So if you ever ... I do a lot of word origins. Sometimes you find out how the words changed and why they end up getting this new meaning that we use today. Even in our lifetime you know, where you often hear it I mean one good example might be the word "gay. " If you look at a lot of old books gay just usually meant happy. It didn't really take on the meaning of like homosexual until ... oh I don't know probably you know around the nineteen fifties, sixties sometime around that time. So it took on a new meaning and actually we don't use it as much for the old meaning of happy anymore. But there's a lot of classic writings. classic books, novels and stuff where you do see this meaning was used. And you know, you still might have to read that. Okay. Let's go on. Even though she is usually humorous you know, kind of funny, her words took on a more serious tone. So they started to take on some new characteristics here. So this is another way that we say take on. All lright and the last one. We have here. Number six. If a vehicle or container, it gets loaded it takes on more passengers or weight. Okay. Good. So number six example. You overloaded that truck. It is not built to take on that much weight. Or you might think of like the Titanic remember they they were afraid to put too many passengers on the beginning lifeboats. They were afraid that they would you know, they could take on too many passengers or too much weight at the same time. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.