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Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 355. The title of today's lesson
is don't say later when you should be saying from now. Okay. Yeah. This is a ... you
know, especially with ESL students. English as a second language. They may be
using later when they're talking about something in the future from the present
time. You should not be using later at that time. You should be using from now.
Okay. Let's look at the note. You should use later in regard to something that
happened after another action or fact has already passed. Okay. If you want to
talk about something that is expected to happen or may happen, you should use from
now. That's actually the most common one, but you might be able to choose a few
others. You know, in the future or into the future or from our present time etc.
It our all depends upon what you're talking about which one might be
suitable, but from now is probably the most common one. All right. Good. So let's
take a look at some examples where students might make a mistake. Of course,
with the X this is wrong. So here the student says I think there
will be flying cars 100 years later. Okay. This is wrong because he's really talking
about from this time into the future 100 years. So the correct way to say it would
be I think there will be flying cars 100 years from now. That's the most common
one or you could say you know, in the future or into the future or from our
present time. There might even be several other ways you could say it. But you
should not be saying later. Okay. Let's look at number 2 here again. With the X
this is wrong. She graduated two years later or she
will graduate two years. Even here you're using will. So it's proving that you you're
talking about the future. She will graduate two years later. No. She will
graduate two years from now. Again from now is the most common one. Okay. So that
means that she didn't actually graduate yet.
Two years into the future she will graduate. All right. And here's a couple of
examples where later is used correctly. After getting married she had a child
two years later. So both of these are in the past. You know, who knows maybe she
got married ten years ago and eight years ago she had the child. So they are both
in the past. They're not in the future. So okay, let's look at the second one. He started
that job in 2010 and got a promotion two years later. So again both or in the past.
So the first action happened in 2010. He got the job then two years later. Two
years after that he got a promotion. So that's the way you would use later. Okay.
Anyway, I hope it's clear. I hope you got it. I hope it was informative. Thank you for your
time. Bye-bye.
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Tutor Nick P Lesson (355) Don't Say Later When Talking About the Future from the Present

anitawu12 2019 年 8 月 13 日 に公開
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