字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is lesson 259. Today we are going to look at the difference between morals and ethics. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here. Morals focuses on personal principles or beliefs of right and wrong. Ethics focuses on the behavior of a particular person in a particular situation. And this is one where students often ask me what's the difference between morals and ethics ? Because both of them do have something to do with right and wrong. But morals again, this focuses on personal principles or beliefs. Somebody's, what somebody personally believes. This focuses more on behavior of people in certain situations. So let's continue. So we can show some examples. Ethics is often used in regard to the practices of business, medicine, and law. Yeah. We often might hear this as unethical business practices. Or medicine, sometimes doctors have to study the ethics of medicine basically. You never really hear them say that they study the morals of medicine. It's usually the ethics of medicine. The same thing in law, they might study the ethics of it. .Let's continue. Morals can vary from one society to another or even within the same society. For example, many conservatives the US. may consider abortion to be immoral, but the liberals may consider it to be okay . So this is even within the same society you have you may have different people have different morals of what they believe is right and what they believe is wrong. And of course, in other countries like for example maybe in in India, they think cows are sacred. You can't eat a cow. So they might think that if you, or somebody else ate a cow that might be immoral. So clearly in different countries, they have sometimes have varying morals. But even within the same country, you could have varying morals. So morals is more related to your personal beliefs of what you think is right and wrong. All right. Let's continue here ethics focuses more on correct conduct. Conduct is a more formal word for behavior. Of someone in a professional situation, for example many people would consider it to be unethical for a psychiatrist to start a romantic relationship with his or her patient. Yeah now, in this situation, If, as long as the psychiatrist or the patient is not married, it may not be considered immoral. If they're both consenting adults, you may not consider it immoral but you would consider it to be unethical. Why is it unethical ? Well, for a number of reasons. You don't know if a psychiatrist can really treat the patient the way he's supposed to treat the patient if he's having a romantic relationship. It would probably interfere with his judgment, and there's a very good chance that you might really mess up or screw up the patient even more. So this would really be something that's considered unethical to do. Or I mean, you could think of it the same way in a university teacher was having an affair with one of these students. Again who's maybe above 18 or 19 years old so they might be considered an adult. But because he's in the class and, and he has to give her a grade, this would definitely be considered unethical. Again, assuming that both were consenting adults and neither one was married. Some people might not consider it immoral. Let's continue here. It would also be considered unethical for a doctor to not try to save a critical patient or I should say a patient that's in critical condition. Just so he could use his body parts for other patients waiting for donated organs. Yeah I remember I listened to an interview once of a doctor who said sometimes doctors do this. If you know they came in with a patient using critical condition and they think well you know maybe there's only 30% chance you could save this patient for example. They think well you know maybe don't try so hard. Maybe it might be easier to sell those organs give his organs to somebody else. In this sort of sense, we might say that the the doctors playing God. This would definitely be considered to be unethical. I don't know maybe some people might even consider it immoral at the same time. So sometimes it could you could cross the line for both. But like the other examples I gave it might just be unethical but may not be immoral. Or let's take the last one. If a company knowingly had poisonous substances in their food products and they still produce them and sold them, that would be unethical. Definitely. That would be unethical business practices. Probably it would also cross the line into illegal. Some of these may be illegal some of these may not be illegal. This, this one could possibly be immoral at the same time. But again, we usually use unethical really in reference to conduct, especially a conduct of professional people, in businesses or in law, in medicine where you know this is their. this is their decisions that they have to make and morals focuses more on your personal belief of what you think is right and wrong. And like they say, morals can vary but even some people that may like here, where You might have conservatives and liberals they may have different ideas about what's immoral, Both of them may consider it unethical for a psychiatrist to have a romantic relationship with their patient. So they may even agree on that. Anyway, I hope this kind of clarifies it for you. I hope you can kind of clearly see more of a difference of how we might use the two. Okay. Anyway I hope it's informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.