字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 296. Today we're going to look at the difference between resident, dweller or inhabitant. Yeah, because these can be confusing words. Sometimes students will ask what's the difference between all these three. All right. Let's take a look at the first note here. A resident is someone who lives in a particular place, especially a home and in an official sense. A resident usually has an official address one can receive mail at. All right. So that's one of the big things about a resident is that it's very official. And you actually have a place that can receive mail. It's an official residence, official residency is important in many ways and different states have different time limits before one can declare residency of a state. The period usually is around six months. Okay. Once residency is established, this can allow a citizen certain benefits, etc. Basically, such as voting, having a right to send children to school. Okay, in that particular area their local area. Yeah, and it will also affect your taxes you know your local taxes. You your local taxes. The word resident only applies to humans. So we cannot use resident with animals. So that's one big clear difference between resident and the next two. Okay. Let's, let's continue with the note here. The word dweller could apply to humans or animals and the focus is often in on a particular type of area or one's nearby environment. So the focus is on the environment that you're around, when we're talking about a dweller. For humans, common examples might be a city dweller or a slum dweller. So you know, maybe the idea of the slum, it's a bad neighborhood or something like that. So the that's sort of the immediate area. Okay. We definitely use it for animals, such examples as a tree dweller or a cave dweller. Yeah. So for example you know monkeys or Apes are tree dwellers. Maybe a bear could be a cave dweller. So again the focus is on the immediate area around you, you know, and describing that area. The environment around you. So we say dweller. Dweller really means to dwell, means to live. So you're living in that particular area. Okay. Let's, let's go on. Inhabitant now inhabitant and dweller are probably a little closer than that with resident. An inhabitant is someone who generally lives in a place, but an official address is not important. So you know, you just like we say here a homeless person could be an inhabitant or a dweller. But you know, he residency maybe he has, maybe he did have residency before. And he he since, he lost his home nobody officially knows where he lives. Or maybe he was a person that was never really a resident of that state. Maybe they became homeless and they went somewhere else and lived on the street. They were really never a resident there, but if they lived there for a period of time. Then they're still an inhabitant. If you're living in this place you're inhabitant whether you're a person or an animal or you can even use it for plants. Okay, good. Let's go on. So a homeless person could be. An animal could be an inhabitant as well. But again, when we say an animal is an inhabitant, it's usually in a more broader or wider sense. As opposed to like a dweller where it's you know, like specifically on a cave or a tree it's not on this broad area, like the whole country. Or you know, maybe you could be an inhabitant of like a jungle which could be like very large or a forest or something like that. Good so that's the way we'd say it. Yeah. Okay. Let's continue. So here are some examples that we would use. Example one, you must be a resident of a state to legally vote in their election. So again, it's more in the official sense. Number two. Slum dwellers or slum dwellers often live in poverty. Yeah. So so it's a real focus on the area that's around them. You know a slum could just be a very small part of a city. So the focus is on your immediate area when we use it with people or animals. Okay. Monkeys are tree dwellers. Again these are just focusing on the actual tree. This is this is that particular area. That's , that environment that they live in. Okay. Nearly three percent of inhabitants of that city are homeless. Okay. So that's the way we use it. W do use it well obviously it's still of a place, but it's on a broader sense you know like of the entire city. These people are homeless. You're not focusing on just you know, like a neighborhood or something like that and the last part is, that endangered species is an inhabitant of this forest. So again. It's a much broader sense. It's not focused on like a cave or a tree or something along that line. Okay. Good well I hope you can see a difference. Obviously, there is some crossover though. If you're like a you know a slum dweller or a city dweller, you know, you are also an inhabitant of that city. Or if you, you know, if you are a city dweller, it's very possible you are a resident. You may have an official address. So there is some crossover with these. But you have to look at where the focus is . On resident, the focus is on being official, and being recorded. With dweller, the focus is more on your immediate area. And there they want to focus on the the idea of the area around you. And inhabitant is kind of a broader sense. But it also means that you just live in this place generally. Okay anyway I hope you got it. I hope it's clear.Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.