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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 296. Today we're going to look at the

  • difference between resident, dweller or inhabitant. Yeah, because these can be

  • confusing words. Sometimes students will ask what's the difference between all

  • these three. All right. Let's take a look at the first note here. A resident is

  • someone who lives in a particular place, especially a home and in an official

  • sense. A resident usually has an official address one can receive mail at. All right.

  • So that's one of the big things about a resident is that it's very official. And

  • you actually have a place that can receive mail. It's an official residence,

  • official residency is important in many ways and different states have different

  • time limits before one can declare residency of a state. The period usually

  • is around six months. Okay. Once residency is established, this can allow a citizen

  • certain benefits, etc. Basically, such as voting, having a right to send children

  • to school. Okay, in that particular area their local area. Yeah, and it will also

  • affect your taxes you know your local taxes. You your local taxes. The word resident only

  • applies to humans. So we cannot use resident with animals. So that's one big

  • clear difference between resident and the next two. Okay. Let's, let's continue

  • with the note here. The word dweller could apply to humans or animals and the

  • focus is often in on a particular type of area or one's nearby environment. So

  • the focus is on the environment that you're around, when we're talking about a

  • dweller. For humans, common examples might be a city dweller or a slum dweller.

  • So you know, maybe the idea of the slum, it's a bad neighborhood or something

  • like that. So the that's sort of the immediate area.

  • Okay. We definitely use it for animals, such examples as a tree dweller or a

  • cave dweller. Yeah. So for example you know monkeys or Apes are tree dwellers.

  • Maybe a bear could be a cave dweller. So again the focus is on the immediate area

  • around you, you know, and describing that area. The environment around you. So we

  • say dweller. Dweller really means to dwell, means to live. So you're living in that

  • particular area. Okay. Let's, let's go on. Inhabitant now inhabitant and dweller are

  • probably a little closer than that with resident. An inhabitant is someone who

  • generally lives in a place, but an official address is not important.

  • So you know, you just like we say here a homeless person could be an inhabitant

  • or a dweller. But you know, he residency maybe he has, maybe he did have residency

  • before. And he he since, he lost his home nobody officially knows where he lives.

  • Or maybe he was a person that was never really a resident of that state. Maybe

  • they became homeless and they went somewhere else and lived on the street.

  • They were really never a resident there, but if they lived there for a period of

  • time. Then they're still an inhabitant. If you're living in this place you're

  • inhabitant whether you're a person or an animal or you can even use it for plants.

  • Okay, good. Let's go on. So a homeless person could be.

  • An animal could be an inhabitant as well. But again, when we say an animal is an

  • inhabitant, it's usually in a more broader or wider sense. As opposed to

  • like a dweller where it's you know, like specifically on a cave or a tree it's

  • not on this broad area, like the whole country. Or you know, maybe you could be

  • an inhabitant of like a jungle which could be like very large or a forest or

  • something like that. Good so that's the way we'd say it. Yeah.

  • Okay. Let's continue. So here are some examples that we would use. Example one,

  • you must be a resident of a state to legally vote in their election. So again,

  • it's more in the official sense. Number two. Slum dwellers or slum

  • dwellers often live in poverty. Yeah. So so it's a real focus on the area that's

  • around them. You know a slum could just be a very small part of a city. So the

  • focus is on your immediate area when we use it with people or animals. Okay.

  • Monkeys are tree dwellers. Again these are just focusing on the actual tree. This is

  • this is that particular area. That's , that environment that they live in. Okay.

  • Nearly three percent of inhabitants of that city are homeless. Okay. So that's

  • the way we use it. W do use it well obviously it's still of a place, but it's

  • on a broader sense you know like of the entire city. These people are

  • homeless. You're not focusing on just you know, like a neighborhood or something

  • like that and the last part is, that endangered species is an inhabitant of

  • this forest. So again. It's a much broader sense. It's not focused on like a cave or

  • a tree or something along that line. Okay. Good well I hope you can see a

  • difference. Obviously, there is some crossover though. If you're like a you

  • know a slum dweller or a city dweller, you know, you are also an inhabitant of

  • that city. Or if you, you know, if you are a city dweller, it's very possible you

  • are a resident. You may have an official address. So there is some crossover with

  • these. But you have to look at where the focus is . On resident, the focus is on

  • being official, and being recorded. With dweller, the focus is more on your

  • immediate area. And there they want to focus on the the idea of

  • the area around you. And inhabitant is kind of a broader sense. But it also means

  • that you just live in this place generally. Okay anyway I hope you got it.

  • I hope it's clear.Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 296. Today we're going to look at the

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英語講師ニックPレッスン(296) 住民と居住者の違い (English Tutor Nick P Lesson (296) The Difference Between Resident Dweller and Inhabitant)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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