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  • Hi this is this is Tutor Nick P and this is lesson 327. The, the lesson today is the

  • difference between fatal, deadly, and lethal . This is one that's come up a

  • number of times. Obviously, they all have something to do with death and people

  • dying, but you know students will often ask well what's the difference between

  • them ? Because really, you look at the definition it does seem quite

  • similar. So let's take a look the notes here. So we can distinguish how to use

  • each one and in which case one is more likely to be used than another. All right.

  • So let's look at fatal. Fatal describes conditions, situations or events that

  • caused or could lead to one's death such as accidents. Here we often use fatal

  • with accidents, crashes, collisions, falls, etc. Okay. Fatal is often used with attack.

  • Like we might say a fatal attack , fatal injury, fatal blows. So that last

  • strike that killed somebody. Fatal wounds, fatal shot... Maybe you know, in the

  • movie , maybe the guy got shot several times , but the one shot that was

  • the fatal shot was the one that caused him to die. Yeah. I think like with a

  • maybe with Kennedy I think the the shot right to his head was the fatal shot.

  • Some of the other ones maybe could have survived them, but the one to his head

  • was the one that finished him off. That would have been the fatal shot. Okay. Let's go

  • on. All right. Let's look at deadly. Now. deadly means capable of killing used with

  • such words as poison, virus, a threat, etc. Now there's an important part of the

  • note here. However, it does not need to refer to a specific death. So you might

  • say that's a deadly poison, but you're not talking about somebody that

  • specifically died from it. You .mean that poison has the ability to

  • cause somebody's death. The same thing with the virus when you're using it that way.

  • A deadly threat is the same way. Maybe nothing really happened, but the

  • threat is deadly. It could cause a lot of danger.

  • Hopefully the threat will never become realized. Maybe nothing will ever happen.

  • But it's a deadly threat. All right. Now when we say fatal it's probably used with

  • things that did happen and already caused someone to die or came very close

  • to causing someone to die. Okay. Let's go on. Lethal. Okay. Lethal is used for

  • something that refers to an agent. Yeah especially like a chemical agent. You

  • know, remember during Vietnam, they used Agent Orange. So all right. There's a

  • couple of things here. One , lethal feels like it is more intent on wanting to

  • kill somebody. Where you know fatal could be more like an accident.

  • Another thing about lethal, we should look at this part here. Lethal is often

  • used with a mixture of something. So an agent is a mixture of something. It is a

  • mixture of chemicals. So we're more likely to use lethal with something like

  • that. So lethal is used with something that refers to an agent or something created

  • for the purpose of killing or executing someone , such as a lethal injection. This,

  • this is a this is probably one of the most common uses that we use with lethal.

  • You know, in the US. today when someone is going to be... put to death or sentenced

  • to death , this is the most common way to kill them. They think this is the most

  • painless. We don't really use the electric chair anymore. All right. I don't

  • think any states do, and you know they don't hang them. So this is the most

  • common one. So here, we got it for two ways. One definitely intends to kill and it is

  • another mixture of chemicals to kill so lethal is really the most suitable here.

  • A lethal dose of medicine. All right it's another one. It probably means that

  • somebody was given too much medicine or more than their body could handle. Maybe

  • if they had a lower dose, maybe it may not have killed them. Okay. So again we

  • also use it with medicine, with mixtures. A lethal cocktail. Yeah. This is one we

  • hear a lot. You know, in recent years, especially with a lot of celebrities. It

  • could mean a number of things. Usually it was the mixture of often ... very often it is

  • legal drugs. but sometimes or they could be mixed with illegal drugs or

  • alcohol and it's the combination of taking them all at the same time that

  • may have caused the death. This could again happen with a celebrity. Celebrities

  • often have different doctors that prescribe them different things and one

  • doctor may not know what the other doctor prescribed them. And you know, they

  • put together, this is what could happen. All right, Let's go on. Lethal weapon. Well this

  • is a weapon specifically designed to kill someone not necessarily just for

  • protection but you know it's you know it's job is to to kill so etc. Let's go

  • on. Lethal is often used with a mixture of something we covered that already.

  • It could kill. Okay. So a disease could either be fatal or deadly. Yeah. So there

  • is some crossover. There is some overlap. Although probably we're more likely to

  • use fatal with someone that already got the disease and the disease is killing

  • them off. And when we say deadly disease were probably maybe nobody got the

  • disease yet we just mean that this disease has the ability of killing them

  • so it's more likely to be used that way. So even though you may use both words

  • with disease you may be using it from different perspectives. Different points

  • of view that you're looking at it from. All right. Let's let's cover all these

  • examples we have here. Example number one. A fatal accident is only one in which

  • someone dies. At least one person has to die. It could be more than one person.

  • It could be several people died and luckily most accidents nobody dies. So that's

  • just an accident. It's only fatal if at least one person dies. All right. Number two. That

  • mountain climber lost his life from a fatal fall. So it's the fall itself that

  • caused his death. So that's why we're saying a fatal fall. Again this is not

  • one way we would like to say deadly fall because we didn't know that was going to

  • happen. Now if we reverse the sentence around and you say Falls from that

  • mountain could be deadly, you might be able to use it that way. Meaning that it

  • has the ability to cause a death, but in most cases probably you know, with one

  • that already happened. Somebody already fell ,

  • we'll use fatal because that's what caused that particular person to die. All right.

  • Let's look at number three here. That soldier survived the battle, but later

  • died from a fatal wound. So I guess in this case at the end of the battle he

  • was still alive but he had this serious wound already and maybe there was

  • complications in which he could still survive maybe he died many hours

  • later. Okay. Let's look at number four. That chess

  • player made a fatal error which cost him the game. All right., again this is one where

  • you could only use fatal. You don't say deadly error or you don't say lethal error

  • and again in this particular case probably nobody died. He just lost the

  • game. So he you lose something. You did something wrong and it cost you. It hurt

  • you. It could maybe it hurt you financially, hurt you in your personal life. But

  • caused you to lose something. All right. Let's look at number five. A bite from

  • that snake would contain deadly poison. Again here you're just looking at it

  • from the point it it has the possibility of killing someone. Maybe that snake did

  • not bite anybody yet. You know, maybe talking about that specific one , but it

  • has the potential to kill someone. All right. Number six.

  • SARS has the potential to be a deadly virus. Yeah. To be honest the majority

  • of people who got SARS did not die. Some people did

  • unfortunately. So you could has the potential to kill you. But again, that's

  • the way we we're looking at it. From that perspective. Number seven. The fact that

  • this country has nuclear weapons is a deadly threat. Now again maybe the

  • nuclear weapons were never used. Maybe they never will be used. But it's a

  • deadly threat. So again fatal would probably be more

  • likely if something was used and people did die but deadly is talking more about

  • the possibility of it happening. All right. Number eight. That convict

  • was put to death by a lethal injection. Again this is probably our most common

  • one with lethal. All right number nine. They claimed Heath Ledger died from a

  • lethal cocktail. Again this is another one where it talked about the

  • celebrities. I did look it up and then I think they said that it was actually

  • mostly legal drugs that he was taking. But again it was the combination. He

  • wasn't supposed to be taking them all together and somehow it caused him to to

  • die. Okay All right. Let's look and the last one

  • down here. Many claimed that CIA has a lethal weapon that could shoot a dart

  • into somebody to cause a heart attack. Yeah. I've seen, I've seen old clips of

  • this. They have seen them actually in front of Congress talking about it. And supposedly

  • when the dart goes in, it dissolves and it doesn't leave any evidence. So it

  • could just cause a heart attack as a way of .. you know, it's a way of assassinating

  • somebody basically or killing somebody executing somebody that they want to

  • disappear. But anyway that we would use lethal in this sort of situation. Okay.

  • Anyway I hope you got it. Again I hope you could see more clearly when you're

  • more likely to use one of these than the others. Okay. I hope it was informative. All right.

  • Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is this is Tutor Nick P and this is lesson 327. The, the lesson today is the

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英語の家庭教師ニックPのレッスン(327)致命的なもの、致命的なもの、致死的なものと致死的なものの違い (English Tutor Nick P Lesson (327) The Difference Between Fatal, Deadly and Lethal)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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