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So I made a video a couple of weeks ago on intonation patterns in English and it seems
to have gone down pretty well so I thought I'd make a video to expand on that very
broad subject of intonation and talk more specifically about something called rising
and falling intonation patterns in British English.
So if we're talking about intonation, what we're talking about really is pitch and
the use of rhythm in speech. And the pitch and the rhythm start to add feeling and intention,
because the meaning is really revealed in the language that we're using and the construction
of our sentences but the way we feel about what we're saying is indicated through the
use of pitch and the use of rhythm. So I guess we're talking in a musical sense about how
we're using our voice as a musical instrument.
And so a rising intonation pattern would simply be a rise in the human voice; it would be
a change in pitch; a glide in the pitch of our voice upwards. So for instance: ooo. Now
we tend to use this rising intonation pattern when we're asking questions. So the pitch
of our voice tends to go up. So for instance: 'when does the meeting start?', 'when
does the meeting start?', 'start?', can you hear that: ooo, 'start?' it rises,
it comes up in the voice. 'would you like a cup of tea?', 'would you like a cup
of tea?'. So the question is a sort of way of sending out an invitation for some kind
of response from whoever you're speaking to.
I mean we do use this downward inflection, which I'll talk more about in a moment,
for some sorts of questions, but typically speaking we tend to use this upward inflection.
Another instance in which we would use this upward or rising inflection would be on lists:
So if I'm saying, 'I'd like some eggs, some milk, some cheese and some bread.'
And we would use a downward inflection 'bread' to say that we've finished the list but
on the items before that we would use a rising inflection. So I would say, 'eggs', 'milk',
'cheese', 'bread', 'I'd like some eggs, milk, cheese and bread.'
So on lists and most questions we would use this rising intonation pattern.
A falling or downward intonation pattern, would simply mean that the pitch of the voice
drops down. So for instances: ooo, ooo. So I would say, for instance if I'm making
a statement, 'that's wonderful' , 'that's wonderful'. That's one instance in which
I would use a downward inflection.
Commands is another situation so I would say, 'put that down!', 'put that down!'
, 'go over there', 'stand against the wall', yeah, downward inflection, 'put
that over there' downward inflection.
So statements, commands and exclamations, those are the three instances in which we
use this downward inflection. And we also tend to use this downward inflection (as I
said with lists) at the end of our sentences, at the end of our content. So when we're
indicating that we've finished what it is that we want to say, again we tend to use
this downward inflection.
But there is one more, there is something called a Circumflex Inflection. And you don't
need to remember that name, it's a posh name, Circumflex Inflection. It basically
stands for a pitch that rises, falls and then rises at the very end. And it's not often
talked about, and yet, especially in British English, we use it a lot, and we typically
use it when we're in the middle of our content, we're in the middle of what we're saying
and we're indicating to the listener, I just did it, 'the listener', that we haven't
finished what we're saying yet, and then we do. And once we do we use a downward inflection.
So this circumflex Inflection sounds bit like this: ooo, ooo, ooo. So it goes up, down,
up, rise, fall, rise. So if i try to do that now, while I'm talking, what it suggests
to you, is that I haven't quite finished yet, and you'll know when I'm finished,
because I'm going to use this downward inflection, and it falls.
So if you're in the middle of your conversations, and you don't want anyone else to butt in
or interrupt you, then using this circumflex inflection, will be a way to say 'hey there,
I haven't finished what it is that I'm talking about, don't interrupt me yet, but
now I've finished and you can reply'.
So a rising intonation pattern would be: ooo. And we tend to use it for questions or for
lists. A falling intonation, this downward intonation would be: ooo. And we tend to use
that on exclamation, statements and commands and at the end of our sentences.
But there is this extra circumflex inflection: ooo, this rise, fall, rise, that we typically
use when we're in the middle of our conversations and at then end of each phrase, at the end
of each segment, we use this circumflex inflection, to say that we haven't finish yet but when
we do we use a downward inflection and it falls.
So I hope that you found that useful. If you're on my YouTube channel then scroll down, hit
the thumbs up or thumbs down, leave me a comment, let me know what you think of this video.
If you're new to this channel then hit subscribe, I post weekly videos here, so you'll be
kept up-to-date with all sorts of information about British English pronunciation, and articulation,
and speech and intonation. These videos also end up on my website www.englishpronunciationroadmap.com
where there is a whole load of free stuff and loads of goodies, and loads of videos,
there's some free eCourses and free eBooks - you can enter your details and I'll send
those over to you. I hope you enjoyed this video and I hope to see you next week.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

Rising and Falling Intonation

192 タグ追加 保存
chtl 2019 年 4 月 5 日 に公開
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