Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Hi, I'm Anne Marie with Speak Confident English and welcome to your Confident

    こんにちは、Speak Confident EnglishのAnne Marieです。

  • English Wednesday lesson. Today I need to go to the store. Or I have to go to the


  • store. I must go to the store. What do you think? Are all of those sentences the


  • same? Do they mean the same thing with need to, have to, and must? Or are there

    と同じ意味なのでしょうか?need to, have to, and must と同じ意味なのでしょうか?それとも

  • some differences in English?


  • If you're not sure, then be sure to watch today's lesson. We'll talk about how


  • English speakers use these in real life, so that you can use them in the same way.


  • Let's start by looking at need to because it's a little bit special, it's a

    ちょっと特殊なので、まずは need to を見てみましょう。

  • little bit different from have to and must. A few examples using need to

    have to と must とは少し違います。need toを使ったいくつかの例

  • include: I need to get my haircut; it's out of control. Or I need to call my mom


  • on her birthday. She really needs to do well on her exam this week. In each of


  • those examples, when we say need to: I need to,


  • she needs to, it shows that something is important or it's something that we


  • should do. And that is the key. It is something that we should do or it's


  • important to us to do. She needs to do well on her exam this week because it's


  • important for her future. Maybe it's important for her opportunities to go to


  • a good university. I need to call my mom on her birthday because it's important


  • to me and yes, I should do it. It's the polite and loving thing to do to call my


  • mom on her birthday. Now let's look at have to and must


  • because there are many situations where both can be used and they have a lot of


  • similarities. So we'll start with how they are similar and we'll also look at


  • some differences. With have to and must we're expressing that something is an

    いくつかの違いがあります。have to と must を使って、私たちが表現しているのは、何かが

  • obligation, that it's a necessity or responsibility or something that is


  • required. It's not just important, it is required. For example, I have to get to my


  • meeting on time or I must get to my meeting on time. When we

    時間通りに会議をしないと 時間通りに会議に行かないといけません私たちが

  • use those verbs, we're showing that it is an obligation, it is a necessity. Maybe if

    それらの動詞を使うことで それが義務であり 必要であることを示していますもしかしたら

  • I'm late to my meeting, my boss will be angry, maybe I'll get fired from my job


  • and I don't want to take that risk. It is not only important it is a necessity.


  • Another example is: you must have a passport to travel abroad or you have to


  • have a passport to travel abroad. In that situation, it's not only important but it


  • is a requirement. It's the law. You must or have to have a passport to travel to


  • another country. In those examples, must and have to are similar to need to but

    他の国の例を見てみましょう。これらの例では、must と have to は need to に似ていますが

  • they focus more or they have a feeling, a connotation of something that is an


  • obligation, it is a necessity. But we can also use must and have to in some other

    義務、それは必然です。しかし、他にもmustやhave toを使うことができます。

  • similar ways. For example, both can be used to say that something is likely. For


  • example, maybe one day I go to my office, I walk in and I say oh my gosh it's so


  • cold in here! The heater has to be broken or the heater must be broken. In those


  • sentences I'm expressing the likelihood or that I think something is likely. It

    文 私は可能性を表現しているか、何かがありそうだと思っていることを表現しています。それは

  • is likely that the heater is broken. We also use must and have to


  • to show emphasis. Emphasis is when we use stress on a word or a syllable to show


  • its importance, its value. For example, I could say: call me after your exam. I'll

    その重要性、その価値を例えば次のように言うことができます: 試験が終わったら電話してね。私は

  • be really curious to know how it went. Or I could add


  • must or have to to show emphasis. That it's really important to me that you

    しなければならない、あるいはしなければならないことを 強調するためにそれは、私にとって本当に重要なことは

  • call, that I truly am curious. For example, you must call me after your exam. I'm

    電話は、本当に気になっていること例えば 試験が終わったら必ず電話してください私は

  • going to be really curious to know how it went. Or you have to call me after


  • your exam. And finally both must and have to can be used to show that we really

    あなたの試験そして最後に must と have の両方を使うことができます 私たちが本当に

  • desire something or we really want something. For example, I can say I must


  • have pizza on my birthday or I have to have pizza on my birthday. It's not

    誕生日にピザを食べるか 誕生日にピザを食べなければなりませんそれは

  • something I eat very often and I really want it on my birthday; it's something I


  • desire. It's definitely not a requirement. Well, maybe it's a requirement. But it is

    願望です。それは絶対に要件ではありません。まあ 必要条件なのかもしれませんしかし、それは

  • something I desire and when I use must or have to it helps me express that. Now

    私が欲しているものがあり、それを表現するために must や have to を使うと、それを表現するのに役立ちます。さて

  • that we've talked about how must and have to are very similar, let's look at

    これまで話してきた、mustとhave toがどのように似ているかを見てみましょう。

  • a few differences. Generally speaking, must is more formal which means we don't


  • use it as often in spoken situations or conversations. Now I did say generally


  • speaking. That means it's true in general. And there are always exceptions. There


  • are people who have different preferences when they speak, so you will


  • hear it in conversation and other speaking situations, but generally we use


  • have to when we're speaking. And again, generally speaking, I can say that


  • Americans tend to use have to. So if you're learning American English, you're

    アメリカ人はhave toを使う傾向があります。なので、アメリカ英語を勉強している人は

  • traveling to or living in the United States, then you will be more likely to


  • hear have to in conversations. Now we know that must and have to

    を会話の中で聞かなければなりません。今、私たちはそれを知っています must と have to

  • both are used for obligation, necessity, and requirement. But is it


  • something that your boss said you have to do or is it something that you feel


  • you must do? Is it a rule at the university that you have to turn off


  • your phone during an exam or must you turn off your phone when you


  • study because it helps you stay focused? In those questions we're talking about


  • where or who the obligation comes from. Is it something coming from you, your own

    義務はどこから来るのか 誰から来るのかそれはあなた自身から来るものなのでしょうか?

  • personal obligation or is it an outside authority or rule? A university rule, a


  • workplace regulation, something your boss said you have to do. Another general rule -


  • remember general means most of the time but not all the time - must is often used


  • for those personal obligations. I must turn off my phone when I study because


  • it's too distracting. And have to is often used for outside authority or

    を使うと気が散りすぎてしまいます。そして have to は、外部の権威や

  • rules. For example, you have to turn off your phone during exams because it's a


  • university rule or regulation. Okay, let's pause for a moment. How are you


  • doing? This lesson is a big lesson. There's a lot of information to think


  • about, a lot of general rules to remember. So let's pause relax for a moment. If you

    覚えておくべき一般的なルールが たくさんありますだから一時停止してリラックスしましょうもし

  • need to, pause the video, think a little bit about what we've talked about and


  • then we have one final thing to discuss. Okay if you're ready to go, let's go on


  • to the very last part of our video. In all of the examples that we've discussed,


  • we've focused on positive sentences and in positive sentences need to, have to


  • and must are often similar. Must and have to are more similar. But

    と must は似ていることが多いです。must と have to の方が似ていますしかし

  • what happens when we use those in a negative sentence? For example, you


  • mustn't smoke in the building. If I say you don't have to smoke in the building,


  • are those two sentences the same? Do they have the same meaning? You mustn't smoke


  • in the building. You don't have to smoke in the building. No. They definitely do


  • not have the same meaning and that can be tricky. In positive sentences they


  • seem very similar but when we use them in a negative form it completely changes


  • the meaning. When we use must not, it means that something is prohibited. It is

    という意味です。must notを使うと何かが禁止されているという意味になります。それは

  • against the rules or against the law. You cannot do it. But if I use have to or


  • need to in the negative form, for example I don't have to or she doesn't need to,


  • it means it's your choice. There's no obligation.


  • There's no rule. It's up to you. So we can definitely say you mustn't smoke in the


  • building. It's prohibited. It's not allowed; it's unacceptable. Or we could

    建物の中では禁止されています。許可されていません 受け入れられませんあるいは、私たちは

  • also say she mustn't be late again or she'll be fired. She mustn't be late

    遅刻しないようにしないと クビになるとも言っています彼女は遅れてはいけない

  • again or she'll be fired. But for have to or need to I could say, I'm so glad I


  • don't have to get up early on Saturdays or I'm so glad I don't need to get up


  • early on Saturdays. In those sentences I'm saying that it's my choice. There's

    土曜日の早い時間にそれらの文章の中で 私が言っているのは 私の選択ですそこには

  • no time I have to get up. I can get up early if I


  • want. I can get up late if I want. It's my choice. Okay we are finally done with


  • this lesson and you made it to the end. I'm glad that you did. I know that these


  • can be really challenging so now I want you to get some practice so that it


  • becomes easier for you to use these more naturally, in the same ways that native


  • speakers often use them. In the online lesson, I have a few challenge questions


  • for you where I want you to create your own example sentences. Use your real-life


  • using these verbs in some of the situations that I've talked about in


  • this video. So I have four challenge questions for you in the online lesson.


  • Make sure that you take a look at those and then share your comments, your


  • thoughts, practice in the comment section at the bottom of the lesson. It's the


  • best place to join the discussion and get feedback from me every week. Thank


  • you so much for joining me. I look forward to seeing your answers to my


  • challenge questions. And I'll see you next week for your Confident English


  • Wednesday lesson.


Hi, I'm Anne Marie with Speak Confident English and welcome to your Confident

こんにちは、Speak Confident EnglishのAnne Marieです。


動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

A2 初級 日本語 義務 試験 なけれ レッスン 電話 必要

Have to vs. Need to vs. Must - 英語の違いは?

  • 502 79
    Samuel に公開 2018 年 07 月 13 日