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(gentle music)
- Hello everyone, and welcome
back to English with Lucy.

I've missed you guys. (laughs)
I've just come back from
a lovely holiday, well...

Lovely in the sense that
it was nice to get away,

but I did go to Cornwall with my family
and it was very rainy, it was very cloudy,
it was very English. (laughs)
I'm back now with another really exciting
advanced pronunciation video.
This video is gonna show you
how you can speak more quickly,

and it's also gonna help you sound
more like a native speaker,
so it's a really really important one.
Before we get started,
I'd just like to thank

the sponsor of today's video, Lingoda.
This video's gonna help you
with your speaking and your listening,
but if you want to take it a step further,
why not try Lingoda, I've
done a full review video

which you can look at by clicking up here.
But basically it's an
online language academy.

You sign up on a monthly
subscription basis

and you get a mixture of
group and private lessons

all done over video chat
with real native teachers.

It's an excellent service
that I completely endorse,

and it can be much more
efficient and cost-effective

than going to a traditional
language school.

They've given me a special
discount for you guys.

You can get €50 or $50 off
your first month at Lingoda.

All you have to do is click on the link
in the description box and
use the code down there.

All you have to do is
sign up using the code

and the link which is
in the description box.

Right, let's get started
with today's video.

So today, we're going to be
talking about connected speech.

Connected speech.
There are four topics which
we are going to cover,

catenation, intrusion,
elision and assimilation.

Now, that probably sounds
really complicated.

I don't like making
English too theoretical,

but I think it's important
that you recognise these terms.

I'm going to do a brief
summary of each topic

and then some examples
for you to practise with,

and then you can apply them to
your daily speaking practise.

Let's go.
The first one, catenation,
also referred to as linking.

This is when a consonant
sound at the end of one word

is carried over to connect
with the vowel sound

at the beginning of the next word.
In simple words, an apple, 'anapple'.
Catenation is really really important
if you don't want to sound like a robot.
Quite a lot of my
students sound like this,

when they should be sounding like this.
And this is because they're
not using catenation correctly.

Which sounds better,
an apple or 'anapple'?

So as I said before,
the consonant at the end

of the first word is carried over
to connect with the vowel sound
at the beginning of the next word.
'Anapple'.
The N is carried over,
and the two words are squashed together.
Some other examples, it isn't.
I don't say it isn't nice,
I say 'itisn't' nice.

Now it might seem like this takes a lot
of effort to do at first,
but once your brain gets used to it,
it will come to you naturally.
Now, the next topic I want
to talk about is intrusion.

Intrusion.
Now, intrusion is when
an extra sound intrudes

to make it easier to flow
between two vowel sounds.

Now, the three most common sounds
that tend to intrude between vowel sounds
are 'yuh', 'wuh' and 'er'.
Let's talk about 'yuh' first.
Look at this sentence.
We all play out.
'Weyall' play out.
'Ee' and 'ay' vowel sounds
are often followed by the 'yuh' sound.
So, words that end in 'ee' or 'ay'
that are then followed by another word
beginning with a vowel sound
have the 'yuh' intrusion.

'Weyall' play out.
Words that end in 'oh' or 'oo' have the W.
So you can think about it like this.
If your mouth is wide, 'ee',
'ay', it's a 'yuh' sound.

If your mouth is round, 'oo',
'oh', then it's a 'wuh' sound.

I go out to open the window.
Go, 'o', 'gowout'.
'U', two, 'twowobstacles'.
Then we have the last common intrusion
which is the 'er' sound.
Look at these words.
There is.
'Thereris'.
Better, alone.
'Betterralone'.
So British English is non-rhotic,
which means that we
don't pronounce the 'R's

at the end of words.
I do have a video all
about the 'shwa' sound

at the end of words which you can see
by clicking up here.
Media, expert.
'Mediarexpert'.
So intrusion is a really
really important thing

to think about if you
want to speak more quickly

and in a more connected way.
I'd like to invite you
to write in the comments

any sentences that have intrusion in them.
Okay, topic number three, elision.
Elision is the loss of a phoneme, a sound.
Normally it's the 'tuh' or
'duh' sound that is lost,

and normally it's the
last phoneme of a word.

For example, next door.
I would never say I'm going next door.
I would always say I'm going 'nex' door.
So I've missed out the
'tuh' sound, 'nex' door.

Not next door, nex door.
Or most common, 'mos'
common, 'mos' common.

Finally we have number
four, which is assimilation.

Assimilation.
This is similar to elision,
but instead of a phoneme being dropped,
two phonemes come together and change
into a new phoneme, a new sound.
So for example, 'tuh' and 'yuh'
together make a 'ch' sound.

When I'm speaking quickly in conversation,
I wouldn't say I'll meet you there.
I'd say I'll 'meechu' there.
Meechu, so 'tuh' and 'yuh',
meet you becomes 'meechu', 'meechu'.
It's not just two words
coming together either,

it can happen in one word, like picture.
(laughs) We don't say pict-ure
unless we're very posh,

we say 'pichure', 'pichure'.
Or instead of Tuesday,
'Chuesday', 'Chuesday'.

Another example is 'duh' and 'yuh'.
'Duh' and 'yuh' together
make 'juh', 'juh'.

Instead of saying did you, I say 'dijew'.
Right, that's it for the
advanced pronunciation lesson.

If any of these topics
have really interested you

and you'd like a more in-depth lesson,
please do comment below on which topic
is the most interesting
and I'll try and make

a more in-depth video about it.
But in this video,
I kind of just wanted
you to be aware of this,

so you can think about
it whilst you speak.

It's highly likely that connected speech
exists in your language as well,
and there are similar
pronunciation features.

Don't forget to connect with
me on all of my social media,

I've got my Facebook, my
Instagram and my Twitter.

And I will see you soon
for another lesson, mwah.

コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

The 4 Secrets to Speaking Quickly & Fluently - CONNECTED SPEECH #spon

629 タグ追加 保存
Samuel 2018 年 5 月 12 日 に公開
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