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uh...
todays workshop is called taking better lecture notes in just a quick uh... word
about the one next week it's called how to predict test questions
this is the first one of five workshops in a row i think it is that all have
that
terrible "T" word in it which is test or tests
so it's kind of a long series in how to become a great test taker which always
helps so that's uh... what's coming up next week
now i wanted to ask everybody a question before we start and uh... again
participation is welcome in these workshops
we're talking about taking notes while teachers are lecturing today so my
question is
kind of a simple one but i don't know if you've ever thought of this
why is it important or helpful for you to take notes
while a teacher is talking
what's the whole point of even doing that
to remember
yeah uh... one of the things that is the simplist way i can describe it is
you wanna take notes so that you don't have to rely on your memory
later on
you could be a fantastic listener and you can concentrate really well on the
teacher but unless you have an amazing ability to remember that
two or three or four weeks later when you're studying for a test on that
material
uh... it's almost impossible to remember what a teacher said
that's why you want to rely on your notes and if your notes are good and
they're complete and you can
study a lot from them
you should do better as a result
uh... the class that i teach
which is learn eleven a study skills course
my students are required on every test among other things
to do a
short writing probably less than a page where they describe in detail
something that i've taught them in class kind of like their teaching it back to
me
and very often amazingly often especially early in the semester
i get a student who writes as their answer
i don't remember
and how many points do they get for that
uh...
the big zero right and so what they're basically saying is
i was there that day it's like three weeks ago i remember
what you were talking about even remember what you were wearing
but i can't quite remember what you said and they're trying to actually go back
and remember
that's dangerous
so that's why you write it in your notes so that you can go over it and over it and
when the test comes it's still fresh in your mind that's the goal okay
so uh... as i mentioned a few minutes ago i'm gonna give you a handout that
uh... is sort of a a outline of what i'm gonna talk about hopefully i'll be able
to get all the way through this
today there's always a lot that i would love to share
never enough time so
i'll just go ahead and sort of give you a
but you can kind of pass that back
if there are extras back there you can just hold on to them and i'll get 'em at
the end and actually let me put some here
case people show up late
okay so in order to take better lecture notes uh... there are seven things
listed here uh... couple of little sub points so this will hopefully be easy for
you to follow uh...
people who are really good note takers
and there aren't that many of them actually because that's a skill uh...
end up doing almost all or all of these things regularly it's just a habit people
who are not good note takers
don't do any of these or maybe they just do one so if you can learn to do them
you'll be better at note-taking than most people
the first one on the list
has nothing to do with taking notes in class
it just has to do with preparing for lectures
there are two suggestions there
and i don't know if anybody here does
these already or not but
they're actually very simple but very hopeful when the
uh... lecture starts
the first one of these so this is the little sub point under number one
is to review the notes
and what notes are we talking about here
with
right the previous notes from the last time you were in class
most teachers when they lecture when that's their main way of teaching
when they come into the classroom they put everything down they might take role
and then usually they don't review alot they just sort of
hit the ground running right where they left off the time before
if it's been five days if it's been a week since you were in there last time
it's really hard to remember what the teacher was talking about at the end of
class and as a result
it's there's hard to focus at the beginning so if you were to spend five
to ten minutes
before class
right before
or earlier that morning or even the night before just kind of remembering
that it helps and then the other one that's part of that is uh...
previewing the textbook
and so if you have a teacher
who lectures basically from
the textbook
so every time you go there's a chapter covered for you to spend fifteen minutes
before you go to class
and become familiar with the main terms the
summary
all of that
it helps you when the teacher talks to start following them right from the
beginning kind of warming up your brain and so these again
might take a total of twenty or thirty minutes to do number one
but it actually helps alot when the lecture begins
so this is a very basic one
and uh... there's a lot more that i can say about that but i'm gonna go ahead
and move on
the second one
on the list is something that i always explain to my
students early in this semester very early
and that is when in doubt write it down that's my rule for note-taking
um...
are you able to write down everything the teacher says
no unless you are the fastest writer ever so that means all the time while
you're listening to the teacher you have to make choices
should i write that
do i not need to write that and sometimes it's really hard to tell
whether you should write something or not is that important or not
some teachers are really good about telling you
this is really important write it down that's nice
but most teachers don't do that they just talk and so one of the reasons that
you want to do these things
is so that when you get the class
and you listen to the teacher
you already have an idea of what's important in the book or what was made
important last time and then you can make good choices
but the other part of this is
uh... if you're ever in a class and the teachers talking fast and you're trying
to write things down and you're trying to decide
if you get to a point where they're saying something and you hesitated you
think
should i write that or not
what's the best thing to do
write it down
ok uh... it's much better to make a mistake on the side of writing too much
in your notes
rather than not enough and often times in my class i see
students
looking at me
and paying attention to me
and so that's nice to see
but then i make several points in a row
and i look and they just
are sitting there
just like it's a conversation and they're listening to me but they're not writing
any of it down
and that makes me always very nervous because there may be a test
two weeks or three weeks later
and i know that most of them are'nt going to remember anything of what i said
if you write it down and as as i said before you get to go back and review it
later so if you're ever wondering
it's like fifty-fifty should i write that or not go ahead and write it if you're
pretty much sure it's not important go ahead and skip it
but it's better write too much than not at all
okay so that's very simple principle number two
okay now for these next couple gonna slow down a little take a little more
time number three is my my main
uh... advice that i give students about note-taking
and that's to go on a diet
which sounds like a very strange uh... suggestion
anyone want to guess what i mean by that
mmhhh....
yeah that's right we'll uh... when somebody goes on a diet and they lose a
lot of weight what happens to their body
it shrinks right
that's what you're trying to do now i just got through telling you that the
number one mistake that most people make is that they don't write enough
they sit and listen but they don't write enough that's a problem
the second most common problem is this and that is once their hand starts
moving and they start writing
they write way
too many
words and every time you're writing these words the teachers always talking
faster than your writing which means you're falling
further and further behind it is very frustrating especially if your teacher
really is fast like a lot of them are and so
uh... what you should do is learn to go on a diet
there are actually several ways
to do that but i'm gonna show you one and kind of illustrate it and then
give you another one two ideas
the first one so again this is under number three
is to learn how
to use abbreviations a lot when you take notes
most of you who take notes now probably use
a few of those
but i want you to learn how to use even
more and so uh... i want to ask a question before i show you what i have in mind here
uh... some people i ask do you use abbreviations when you take notes and
they say oh no
no no i would never do that
and i ask them why and what do you think there
reason is
yeah they they're they're terrified
and this is a good fear
they're terrified that they're gonna forget what that's an abbreviation of
and then when they go back to their notes they don't even understand them so
that's a problem okay but
i have something in mind for you so let me show you this
um... if you were in
a
history class
and you walked in on the day of the lecture and your teacher said
today in class we're going to talk about the period of history
in our country after
the civil war which was called reconstruction
so that's the whole subject of the lecture
well you're gonna have to write that word reconstruction
a lot
you don't want to write that a lot it's a very very long word
and also and some of you who are
taking more technical classes
if you don't know how to spell the word
that slows you down even more because you're trying to get it right so i wanna
write the word reconstruction here and i know how to spell it so that makes it
faster
but just look you don't have to time it on your watch or anything but look how
long it takes me even if i write fast
to write that word
what is the teacher doing while i'm writing that
yeah talking if you ever get a teacher who says that's a long word i'll wait
while you all write it down
you should almost have a heart attack they never do that they're just talking
ok so while you're writing
they're getting further
and further away from you and so this is a mistake
well one abbreviation that people sometimes think of for this would be
something like this
and that's a lot shorter and even though it doesn't seem like it matters that
much
every second is kind of important when you're racing to stay up with the
teacher
so this would be good
uh... what's wrong with
this abbreviation
yeah this could stand for
lots of things
right and that's what we were talking about before you don't want to get
confused about that
but i'm gonna give you a suggestion and i know this is going to sound like a bad
idea but you just have to sort of hang with me for a minute
my favorite abbreviation of this word is not
this or this
it's this
and that's a real abbreviation that's like a diet down to one letter
now what i'm not saying is that when you abbreviate things that it should always be
one letter
anything you do to make it shorter is good but
this looks like a terrible idea why because that could stand for
thousands of words right and can you imagine
if you wrote notes and you thought of this really good abbreviation
and you used it all over the page and then you looked at it like three weeks
later before the test that you have no idea what r is
thats bad thats really bad
so
this brings me back to the first point that i made
on the uh... outline and that is
to prepare for lectures
one of the things a lot of people do which doesn't take very long and very
smart
is that when they're looking through their notes or their textbook especially
their book
and they happen to notice that there are certain words that keep coming up over
and over again in the book because that's the main subject of the chapter
they realize
when i go to class tomorrow or later today i'm gonna have to write that word
a lot and i don't want to write it
so what they do is they find a sheet of paper
write the word abbreviations at the top and they abbreviate that
and then in this example they would write r equals
and then write the word reconstruction
and then they look in that same chapter and they notice
the president of the united states during most of that time was a man named
andrew johnson
what is a good abbreviation for andrew johnson
yeah a_j_
but all of you have had history classes you know that there are hundreds of
names in there
and so there could be another a_j_ you want to get that mixed up so you go back
to your little page and you write a j equals andrew johnson and maybe just write two
or three more
when you get to class
and you're ready to take notes and i'm
sitting next to you and i haven't even looked at the book i don't even know
what the lectures about at all
as soon as the teacher comes in and says
today we're going to talk about andrew johnson and reconstruction and then they
just are talking really fast
i'm sitting there
re cons
st st struc
tion and i'm going really
slowly and you're writing your abbreviation down and then going fast
and then when you go back later to review your notes
you don't have to remember now what was a
uh... j what was r
because it's on your little key so it takes your memory out of it which is
good so especially when a teacher of yours lectures from the book
you can look ahead of time and try to make a little strategy like this and again it
doesn't take very long
but it helps when the time comes so that's what i mean by abbreviations
and i'm gonna show you a couple more examples in just a little while and then
the other part of this
uh.. number three talking about going on a diet with your notes
is this and i'm going to say this two different ways one is
leave out
unimportant
words
uh...
when you're writing notes in class are your notes supposed to be usually
beautiful full sentences
no and what some people do is they write beautiful sentences all the way
out
and that slows them down because again you're trying to shrink what you do
so what you want to do is make you're no notes
uh... something that an english teacher would have a heart attack
looking at because it's terrible english and all that terrible grammar
and as a result its all choppy
all kinds of words are taken out
and it's just the basic
words that you need again i'm gonna show you how this works in a few minutes
people find this sometimes hard to do at first
because they're thinking all right you want me to use abbreviations
and you want me to leave out un important words
so they're trying to listen to the teacher and write good notes and
remember to use abbreviations and remember what words to take out
it just seems like it's too hard
but if you practice it enough
you start getting really good and really fast at it and again i'm gonna show you
what it looks like
actually in writing in just a little while
so these are the two uh... parts of going on a diet okay now the next one on
the list is number four which is know your instructor
and this could mean a lot of different things
but i have one
uh... specific idea and then a follow up to it
um... the first one
is to
understand
your teachers lecture style
so this is the first part of that
their lecture style
uh... you know that uh... from your experience as a student whether that's a
lot of experience or a little you know that every teacher has a different way
that they
get their material across
how many of you have a teacher this semester who uses the
screen and shows power point or something similar to that
got any
only a few only a few
how about uh... teachers who write on the board
got some of those
okay uh some people uh...
give handouts go off of that ok and then other people other teachers just
stand there and
talk
you have nothing to look at it's just talk talk talk for two or three hours ok
that makes it hard
so what i mean by the lecture style is
what does your teacher want you to write in the notes
ok some teachers are very good about telling you ahead of time
this is what you should write but quick question for you when you see something
on a board that somebody wrote or it's on the screen like on a power point
um... should you
write those things down in your notes
yet the answer to that uh... officially is
uh... not sure it depends on the teacher ok some teachers if you ask them
i noticed that you use the board a lot or that you have the power point am i
supposed to be writing all that down
some teachers you know what they'll say
yes that's why i'm writing it up there
and so you need to write it but there are other teachers who say
you don't have to write all that down
it's all in your book
i'm just giving you
all of that as a visual aid so you can follow me better when i teach
and you can write a little of it but you don't have to sit there writing like
crazy
those of you who have teachers who use power point if you ever had this
teachers don't understand how long it takes for people to write things down
and so they're clicking clicking click into the next one and you almost get a
sore neck trying to write all that down ann sometimes you need to write it but
sometimes you don't
um... so you're trying to understand early in the semester for every teacher
'cause they're all different
what do you want me to write how do you want me to write the notes
and then the other part of this
is this uh...
i'm gonna uh... sort of introduce this first before i write it on the board
there is a habit
that you can get into doing
that i bet nobody here has ever done in your life
that will take you less than five minutes
and it'll help your notes to be much better
after that
and should help you get better grades
so that should sound pretty good it just takes a few minutes of your time
and it helps everything get better and here's what it is
when you show up to most college classes the very first day
what does the teacher usually do the first day
talks about the class so they
they usually give you a syllabus
they explaine what you're gonna be doing the rules usually they don't
lecture very much unless it's a like a three hour class and so they just
kind of introduce the class right then the second time you go
that's usually
the start right so this is the first lecture and unless you've had that
teacher before
which you probably haven't
this is the first experience you've ever had
watching this person teach and listening to them so all new to you right
so here's the little habit
when the first lecture of the semester is over
and the teacher says i'll see you next week
and everybody starts walking out the door
what i want you to do
is
not walk out the door but instead walk up to your teacher and show the teacher
something
what are you gonna show them
yeah your notes
have you ever shown a teacher your notes before
most people say
are you kidding
you know i would never do that because there's sort of embarrassed about them
but this
is one of the best things that you can ever do
um... the reason for that
going to start that with you
the reason for that is this um...
there are a few teachers a few who will not react very well to this but most
teachers will really react well
if you walk up after the first lecture your teacher doesn't really know who you
are yet they're still learning the names
so you would go up to them as they're getting ready to leave the room and
you'd say uh... you'd introduce yourself
and then you'd say i wonder if you could do me a really big favor if you've got
i took notes today
i don't have any idea if these notes are good for what i need in this class or
not
so could you just take a minute or two and look at the notes
and just give me an idea of if whether
i'm on the right track or whether they're way off
every once in awhile a teacher won't help you
but most teachers will be so excited
that you actually care that much
to ask them to look at your notes that they'll be very happy to
and so
here's what will happen the teacher says oh sure that's fine and so you
you give them your notes and they put it on the podium right in front of them i
know that that's a little bit um... scary for you to stand there watching
the teacher
evaluate your notes
but here's what will happen sometimes not very often but sometimes the teacher
will look at your notes
and then they'll say
yeah these are good these are good
and you say really
okay that's good and then how if that's the case if that happens
how are you gonna take notes every time you go to class after that
yeah same way
but is that usually going to happen no
instead here's what's gonna happen you give your notes to the teacher
yeah sure let me look at 'em
and then while you're standing there the teacher starts looking through your
notes
and starts making this sound that only teachers can make
it's like this
tch, tch, tch
and they'll look at you and say
no no these really are not very good
now if they say that to you i know what you want to say back
you want to look at them and say
well if you just talk slower than i can and this is not time to get into
an argument that's bad but what you do is this
and a lot of students have
taken me up on this and have done it they say oh these notes really
aren't that good for this class and they say no they're not
can you show me an example of where i messed up
and so here's what the teacher might do they might look on your notes
and they might say
see right here
you wrote this little
phrase in your notes
and you look at it and say yeah here it is
looks good and i wrote that
and they said i'm glad you wrote that
because i put it on the board
but they'll say i talked about that subject for over ten minutes
and that's all i see on your paper there are no notes about it at all
and so you might say well
the reason i didn't write anything down is that you were just giving examples
and i didn't really think it was that important to write the examples down
and so the teacher might say
in this class whenever i
say the words for example
write the next thing that i say so in other words they're teaching you
how to take notes for them and every teachers different for this
and so if you show them bad notes
and they point out how to make them better
then your notes after that should be better and then your grade should go up
here's what people do all the time which is kind of sad
the go to the first lecture of the semester they take notes and the notes are really bad
they don't know their bad
but they're just bad the next time they come how do they take notes
the same way
same way
bad bad bad bad bad bad and then they gather all their notes they're bad notes
to study for their first test
and
how do they do on the test
bad but if they take notes
bad notes once
and then they fix them from then on because they know what the teacher said
then their notes are better better better and then their grades usually are
better also so the uh... the little section there under know your instructor
would be you can see it this way show the notes
to teacher
uh... early in the semester
for evaluation
is probably the best way to say it
you could do that even now
i know it's the seventh week and it would've been good to do it like the
first or second week
but if you're taking a lot of notes in your class now
and you're not even sure if you're even close to being what you're supposed to
be as a note taker
it wouldn't hurt even now to go up to the teacher afterward and say this is
how i've been taking notes all semester
should i change something or do these look good and then just let the teacher
tell you
and it'll help a lot ok so that's a concept of know your instructor
any questions on any of these four so far we're gonna get to the last couple
which are
important but i wanna
make sure your all ok before i move
we're good ok so um... the number five on the list is use a good note-taking system or
method
uh... there are actually a lot of ways to take notes
and when i ask students this question i almost always get the same answer i say
when you take notes what method do you use
and most people look at me
what method and i say yeah they say well mine
in other words they just sort of write
stuff i kinda made it up
in order to be a good note taker
because every teachers different you need to have more than one way of taking
notes if you have like
three or four different ways that would be good
one of those ways would probably be your favorite one
and it would usually work
but you're gonna get into a class where that just doesn't work and it's good to
have plan b and plan c
well the one that i want to show you some of you may be already familiar with
but
this method of note taking actually works very well for a lot of students it's
not perfect and it doesn't work for everyone equally but
it's always has a good track record so i want to go through this with you for a
couple minutes and teach it to you
and then i'm gonna show you an example of this so that you could really get a
good idea of uh how it uh... looks in practice ok
so this is called the cornell note-taking system and you can always
read the information
these steps later on
but for right now to make this easier
i want you to go ahead and turn to the back side
and look at the little diagram there ok and so what i want to do this is just
uh... kind of a visual aid for you
i want to show you how notes are taken this way and then i'm going to give you
an example and show you why they're helpful for a lot of students ok
so here's what you do
to take notes in the cornell method uh... normally unless you have very
strange notebook paper
your paper has a little margin on the left side right and so what you do to do
this
is you go up to the very top line and you do this ahead of time
and you have to prepare your paper
and it takes five seconds to prepare it so it's about as easy as it gets
you go to the top-line right at the margin you go in about one more inch
and then you draw a line down
you stop about five six lines from the bottom and you draw another line across
and you just do that on every piece of paper that you're going to use so that's
pretty easy
when you do a when you've drawn these two lines
you've divided your notes into three parts
this big part right here which is where you're going to take notes during class
and then this wide margin and this bottom part and you're not going to do
anything with these during the lecture
this is for afterward
and so then when the teacher starts teaching
you're gonna be writing notes in this section and the one difference between
the way you may take notes now and the way this asks you to
is that you're going to be writing some things right here at the margin
and you're gonna be writing other things in further on the page
and so what goes here at the margin
is what is listed
right here and by the way
when you do this with your notes you're not supposed to write the words
main idea and supporting details on the paper it just shows where they go again
it's kind of a diagram
but here's the way this looks
the teacher is going to be a history teacher again and they're gonna teach
you today about the many causes of the civil war so that's the subject of the
the um...the lecture
first thing they say is
the first cause of the civil war in this country was the economic problems in the
country at the time
so that's the first main idea the first subject
you write that here
then they give you details probably more details then you want
all those details get written here
then they say let's go on to the second cause of the civil war which was
slavery
and you go back here write that
you write the details about it
and that's basically the way you take notes during the class again nothing
over here
nothing down here just the notes
and one quick question about this and that is uh...
we talked about um...
the idea of um... try to go on a diet with your notes as much as possible
on which part of these
would you need to go on a diet more
the main ideas or the details
yeah the details and the reason is cuz you wanna make sure you get the main
ideas really clearly down
it's the details that most teachers
fire at you way too fast and that's where you have to abbreviate and leave out
unimportant words
i'll show you an example of this in a little bit
now if you're still taking notes when you get down here near the end of the
uh... class
uh... the bottom of this page is not here
because you're saving this for later it's right there
then you would go to another piece of paper or the back side
and just keep doing what you're doing with those two lines written and that's
how you take notes during the class
k when the class is over
then it's time to
review
and part of the way you review is to fill this out and the other one is to
fill this out and i'm gonna show you examples of that as we go
when you look here at the... diagram
you see that often this left margin it talks about keywords or titles
and then at the bottom it's a summary
so what is that exactly look like
well if we take this as an example let's say that you wrote in your notes
one cause of civil war was economic problems in the country
right across from it after class you would write the same thing that you
wrote here except just
shorter just a few words like a title
so you might write economic problems
and then you'd slide down and read second cause of civil war was
slavery
and you'd write the word slavery here
and then you do that all the way down so that's what these titles look like
and then the last thing you do
is to write a short summary just a couple of sentences
where you name the main ideas again maybe give a couple of details and then
when you're done
that's it it's kind of a package deal
alright now i want to show you an example of how this works
and then i gonna
give you uh... sort of an explanation of why this tends to help a lot
uh... so let me go ahead and
give you the this
this should look at least sort of familiar to you
okay because it's the same form as what i just explained but this is what it
looks like again actually having been taken
take it
so uh... this is a these are notes from a lecture in a biology class they
all deal with poisonous animals as you can see there
and so uh...the person who took these notes
wrote
uh... the main ideas which were the animals that were being discussed and
then all kinds of details about each one
went back out to the margin details back out et cetera same form all of
this on the left all of this on the bottom again was not touched during
class at all
um... i want to have you take a look at all of this and i know that you haven't
actually heard this lecture but i just want to show you a few things
um... i talked about uh... leaving out unimportant words abbreviating if
you look at the very top of the page where it says arrow poison frog
the very first fact listed there
even though you've never heard this before i bet you can figure out what it
says what does it say
rainforest
and whats the other part
see this is hard going backwards from not having heard it right
what this first uh...
phrase was
in the lecture was
the this animal the aero poison frog lives in the rain forests of south and central
america
that's what that means
and there are forty types
they're all less than two inches long
et cetera et cetera okay
so rather than writing they live in the rainforest of south and central america
which would take you forever you try to figure out a way to shorten words to
abbreviate
and just right at like a skeleton without any meat on it that's the way i
describe the notes
and again if you gave this to an english teacher they would have a heart attack looking
at it cause it's all terrible
no correct spelling grammar it doesn't matter ok as long as you understand what it
means that's the important thing also you remember i said a little while ago that
doing a little research ahead of time
and figuring out some abbreviations you're going to use is very helpful well
if you look in the upper corner of the page you see where it says p equals
poison
this person knew that this lecture was going to be about poisonous animals and
they thought
i'm gonna have to write the word poison poisonous poisoned all the time i don't
wanna right that it takes too long
so they came up with a little key
that every time they have to write any of those words they're going to just put
a capital p_ and if you look down the list you see a lot of capital p's and
that saved precious seconds that they could use them to keep up with the
teacher again it's like a race that you are trying to keep up um... so this is the way
that notes actually look and then there's a summary at the bottom
which mentions the names of the three animals again and gives a few little
details about each one ok now uh... everything that you see here should look
familiar based on what i taught you about this and even though i went
through it quickly
there's one thing though on here that should not look familiar
because i didn't say anything about it
what is that
yeah besides the summary yeah is the numbers
okay i didn't say anything about number so what is that well i'm gonna show you that in a
second turn to the back side if you would
these notes are exactly the same as these everything is the same front and back
except one big thing
which is
all these little words out to the side
so if you take a quick look back at your outline for this workshop you
see number six there which says review your notes interactively
now how do you think most people review their notes
when they go back to study them what do you think they do with them
or what do you do with your notes
yeah how do you review 'em
yeah what most people do is they try
to read 'em figure out what they wrote and then if they have time after that
what do they do
read 'em again
and then if they have time to read 'em again
and they just hope that if they look at it enough that somehow it'll get in
their brain and they'll remember it for the test
well that's studying your notes reviewing 'em but it's not the best way to do it
the best way to do it is interactively and what that means is
this i'll show you this example
uh... we take this that's already been taken in the cornell method and take a
blank sheet of paper or your hand or a book or whatever
and you cover up the entire page except for that left column
and then you read the first title out loud to yourself and then what's the
next thing you do
yeah you
test yourself right so you say okay
and that's what these numbers are i'm supposed to know seven things about
the a arrow poison frog what are they
and you actually test
yourself and then when you're done you go back and say okay i got that one i
got that one i got that one wrong so you make a little note i
forgot that one completely and so that's what interactive means it's that your
testing yourself not just staring at them
but testing yourself and when you cover up the majority of the page
what is this page
more like now as a study tool
what do you have what what do you use as a study tool that has two sides to it
yeah flashcards right so you test yourself and learn what's on the back well
you don't even have to do that with these because they're actually
already in that form you have one side and the second side
and then even better than that even though it's not necessary or required
when we go to the other side
uh... it's a lot easier to test yourself when you have these little words that
prompt your memory
because if you're on the front side you're just saying okay
i know i'm supposed to know seven things about the arrow poison frog what
are they and you're trying to remember here you're actually able to say okay where
where do they live
how many types are there what's the size and it makes you learn the
material faster
and so you always know if your notes are good
if you're able to go back to them later and test yourself from them
to get ready for the test
and if you can't really test yourself on them at all all you can do is just look
at 'em they're not very helpful so this format the reason i like this format a
lot
is because then you're able to fill things out on the left and then cover up
and test yourself
and see what you know and what you don't know
and then keep testing yourself till you know it all and then when the test comes
the real one
you should do very well okay so that's the meaning behind
uh... and studying the notes or reviewing it interactively ok and then
of the last thing
that i wanted to share with you just for a couple minutes
uh... has to do with number seven which is type or rewrite your notes and by
the way i should say one more thing about this uh cornell method that's kind of
important and that is uh...
this method of note-taking does not work equally well with every teacher
the kind of teacher that this works the best with is a very organized teacher
who seems to be following some kind of an outline when they teach
all of you i think have had teachers like that where everything is just step
to step to step
but all of you have probably also had at least a few teachers
they didn't teach that way at all it seemed like they were making it up as
they went along and they are just all over the place
it's really hard to take notes in this method
when the teacher talks about one thing
and then a second thing
and then they say more things about the first thing and they are just all over
so if you have an organized teacher
this works great if your teachers not like that at all
then you may need to figure out another way to do it but this is a something
that's kind of important for you to know so as far as number seven goes
and uh... by the way is this did the sign-in sheet make it back
ok just want to make sure that's right somebody brought it up
i want to take a look at these before i
have you go um...
type or rewrite your notes
uh... do you think if you took time to type up your notes
on your computer or rewrite them on paper that they would be better than the
notes you took originally
you know the chances are really good the answer is yes okay but
and so everybody kind of understands that but then i say okay so why don't you do that
with your notes
and everybody says
you want me to rewrite it
you want me to type 'em up you know it's seems like i don't have time for
that it takes a lot of effort and i understand that
uh... i've even had a few people say so you think it's important to
type up your notes or rewrite and i said yes it's very helpful and they actually
handed me their notes and they say could you do that for me
and i said
no first of all i'm really busy but second of all
that misses the whole point and so what i wanted you to be aware of for this is
when your
sitting there at your computer
and you're reading your notes
and you're trying to figure out how to
say them better
or you have paper and you're trying to rewrite them you're not just copying
everything that you tried to re-do them
what are you doing
basically while you're re writing or typing 'em
yeah you're reading 'em over and you're thinking about'em which means you're
reviewing 'em
which is really good and so the act of doing that of typing or re-writing your
notes is review its study
and then when you're done you have notes that are better than the ones who took
in class and so you may not be able to do this with every class you have
but if you have one class in particular
where the teacher talks really fast or gives a huge amount of information one
of the best things you could do later that day or that night while it's
still sort of fresh
is to go back over your notes and type them up or rewrite on and then the notes
are better
you've studied while you were doing it
it's all good so i know it seems like a hassle like it takes time
but there's a lot of benefit to doing it so i would definitely recommend that
okay
uh... let me take a quick look here and always want to make sure i can read
these uh... michelle
michelle okay
just wanna make sure i got uh... the names right okay good
alright so i'll email all these teachers later today
uh... remember next week is the workshop on how to predict test questions i think
that's kind of a helpful things so i'd love to see you back for that one and
thanks for coming today
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LBCC - Taking Better Lecture Notes

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Hsin Wei 2013 年 8 月 11 日 に公開
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