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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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Despite efforts to clean up society,... Korea remains beset by corruption.
Collusion between politicians and the wealthy is rampant.
Personal ties, kickbacks and lobbying for tax breaks are also deeply embedded in the
Korean society.
In recent months... high profile corruption cases involving Korea's largest conglomerates
have rocked the nation bringing the issue of corruption... once again... firmly under
the spotlight.
President Park Geun-hye has vowed to root out corruption in order to create a fair and
clean society. To walk us through how Korea is trying to tackle corruption... we have
our Ji Myung-kil joining us this evening. Good evening to you, Myung-kil... so it sounds
bad... but is this country that corrupt?
Well, most people do agree that Korea needs to make a serious effort to tackle the problem.
According to an international survey this year... Korea is the most corrupt developed
country in Asia. This was based on a survey on 2-thousand foreign businessmen living on
the continent.
Hong Kong-based firm... Political and Economic Risk Consultancy ranked Korea the tenth most
corrupt out of 17 countries in Asia. The corruption index was just shy of seven this year... the
worst in 10-years. Now this is twice as corrupt as Singapore
and worse than Malaysia and Thailand. Let's hear what Koreans think about corruption
in Korea.

"Corruption in Korea is very serious... I think it'll never go away in my lifetime."
"Korea should quickly enact an anti-corruption bill to eradicate corruption."
Title: Korea's corruption problem
What are the main causes of corruption in Korea?
Well, experts say the main issue is collusion between government officials and Korea's big
conglomerates.
Since conglomerates exert a great deal of power over Korea's economy... tax evasion,
embezzling slush funds, and asking for favors in exchange for bribes have become prevalent
in Korean society. Also, light punishment for those convicted
of corruption is a major contributing factor.
"If we committed crimes... I'm sure we would
have to spend the rest of our lives in prison. Money talks too much in Korea. Presidential
pardons should not be allowed... everybody should be equal infront of the law... whether
they are wealthy or not."
The expert said another cause of corruption is that Korea does not protect whistle-blowers.
According to a survey by the non-governmental agency... Transparency International Korea
in June... 4 out of 10 young Koreans said they would not report corruption to the authorities
out of skepticism of the law's effectiveness or for the fear of reprisal.
Fifty-five percent said they would report
irregularities, 33 percent said it depends on each case, 8 percent said they would never
report it. Of the respondents, only 4 percent said they
had reported a case of corruption before.
Title: Korea's corruption problem
It's often said that corruption undermines economic development.
Myung-kil, explain to us why that is the case.
Bribery and corruption hinder fair competition and sap economic vitality out of a country.
Experts say its not just an ethical moral issue, they say its directly connected with
the people's livelihoods.
"Nigeria produces a lot of oil. If the government
was not corrupt, the country could share the wealth from the oil and the people could live
affluent lives. But as we can see, a few people control all the wealth through corrupt activities."
Kim also added if the corruption perception index drops by one point... the gross domestic
product or GDP per capita rises by 2-point-6 percent... and he pointed out that Singapore's
economic growth miracle was made possible by its no-nonsense approach to tackling corruption.
Title: Korea's corruption problem
What is the Korean government trying to do to stamp out corruption?
Well the Cabinet last week approved Korea's first anti-corruption bill in order to strengthen
punishment for government officials involved in irregularities as part of efforts to root
out corruption in the public sector.

"We believe the anti-corruption bill will prevent public officials from accepting illegal
favors, kickbacks and carrying out duties related to their personal interests. The bill
will help raise the Korean government's integrity."
If officials receive bribes related to work then they could face criminal charges but
if the bribes are out of their work duties they could face fines of up to five times
the kickbacks received. The legislation will be submitted to the National
Assembly for a vote this month.
Hopefully this administration will be successful in carrying out its campaign pledge of rooting
out corruption in this country, once and for all.
All right. Thank-you Myung-kil for that in-depth report on Korea's drive to tackle corruption.
Sure.
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Korea's corruption problem 한국의 부정부패

1825 タグ追加 保存
姚易辰 2013 年 8 月 10 日 に公開
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