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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
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Imagine if there were an alternative to smoking
cigarettes.

Imagine this alternative could help millions
of people quit smoking and came with only

a fraction of the harmful chemicals that cigarettes
do.

Well, you don’t have to imagine it.
It exists.
E-cigarettes are the most innovative and promising
smoking-cessation product yet invented.

So, public health officials and anti-tobacco
activists are all in favor of this

life-saving innovation, right?
Actually, they’re almost all totally against
it.

Why?
Because, incredibly, they make no substantial
distinction between e-cigarettes and real

cigarettes -- even though they are completely
different products.

To begin with, e-cigarettes aren’t cigarettes.
They contain no tobacco.
Instead, a liquid containing nicotine derived
from tobacco leaves is vaporized,

and users of e-cigarettes inhale that vapor.
Vapor, mind-you – not smoke.
This is significant because the real harm
from tobacco comes from the combustion process,

which releases hundreds of toxic compounds
known as tar.

Since e-cigarettes have no tobacco and no
combustion, they release no tar.

This makes them, according to Britain’s
Department of Health, at least 95% less harmful

than tobacco cigarettes.
E-cigarettes do contain nicotine, an addictive
drug.

However, there is little evidence that nicotine
alone is bad for you, making it similar to, say,

caffeine -- a drug used every day by millions
of people.

Brad Rodu, an oral cancer specialist at the
University of Louisville, put it this way:

“I love coffee, and I’m sure I could get
caffeine if I smoked my coffee beans…

but I would be paying a much different price in
overall health [if I did].”

In other words, when it comes to addictive
substances like caffeine or nicotine,

it isn’t the addictive substance that’s harmful;
it’s how it’s delivered.

As South African psychiatrist Mike Russell
said about cigarettes: “[People] smoke for

[the] nicotine, but they die from the tar.”
And again, there’s no tar in e-cigarettes.
Does this all mean e-cigarettes are completely
safe?

Of course not. Nothing is completely safe.
E-cigarettes are a relatively new innovation
so more research is needed,

especially on long-term effects.
There’s also a place for sensible regulation
to ensure consumer safety.

But unlike normal everyday products, any potential
risk posed by e-cigarettes is far outweighed

by a real – not potential – good: saving
lives by providing the nicotine that smokers

enjoy without delivering the deadly toxins
that can kill them.

Many former smokers have successfully used
e-cigarettes to help them

kick their nicotine addiction altogether.
A recent study in an Oxford Journal peer-reviewed
publication, Nicotine and Tobacco Research,

said that e-cigarettes could reduce smoking-related
deaths by 21 percent.

That’s thousands of lives every year.
John Britton, an epidemiologist and director
of the University of Nottingham’s Center

for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, is even more
optimistic:

“[E-cigarettes are] the first genuinely
new way of helping people stop smoking that

has come along in decades…[They] have the
potential to help half or more of all smokers

get off cigarettes.”
So, again, you’d think public health officials
and anti-tobacco groups would be doing everything

they could to encourage smokers to switch
to e-cigarettes.

Instead, they push for laws and rules that
equate the two products: cigarettes are bad,

so e-cigarettes must also be bad.
As of August 2016, the US Food and Drug Administration
has ruled that all e-cigarettes must go through

a long and expensive application process.
This process could end up costing as much
as $1 million per new product.

While some of the biggest manufacturers will
be able to shoulder the costs and navigate

the regulatory mess, most small e-cigarette
companies will be forced out of business.

With less competition, e-cigarettes will become
more expensive, and many people

will go right back to smoking.
E-cigarette prohibitionists may think they’re
using a “better-safe-than-sorry” approach

to save consumers from some yet-to-be-discovered
danger, but they’re not.

They’re actually endangering millions of
smokers who would make the switch if the e-cigarette

market were allowed to flourish.
As Joe Nocera, a New York Times columnist,
wrote:

“Equating smoking cigarettes with inhaling
e-cigarettes...is a huge disservice to public health.

On the scale of potential harms, e-cigarettes
aren’t even in the same ballpark

as combustible cigarettes.
They have the potential to save millions of
lives.”

The government needs to develop a new paradigm
for dealing with e-cigarettes – one that ensures

basic standards but recognizes their relative
safety and immense benefit to public health.

If they don’t, more people will die.
Imagine that.
I’m Caroline Kitchens of the R Street Institute
for Prager University.

コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

電子タバコにも問題がある?(What's Wrong with E-Cigarettes?)

695 タグ追加 保存
Danny Wang 2017 年 10 月 20 日 に公開
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