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  • Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this vocabulary lesson is about the topic of crime.

  • Okay?

  • Let's start by looking at a few headlines.

  • All right, the first one:

  • "Banker charged with embezzlement."

  • Next one:

  • "Celebrity arrested for shoplifting."

  • Last one:

  • "Man jailed for manslaughter."

  • Okay? Now, there are three vocabulary words there that have to do with crimes:

  • "embezzlement", "shoplifting", "manslaughter".

  • If you don't know what they mean, by the end of this lesson, you will. Okay?

  • So let's get started.

  • So, let's look at five words that have to do with crime. What I've done this time is

  • I've written the meaning on the board, and what I'd like you to do is to think, because

  • in... It's possible that you know the word; some of them are fairly common, and some are

  • not so common. Okay? So try to think what it is, and work with me.

  • So the first word refers to the act of setting fire to a building, or a shop, or something

  • on purpose; intentionally. Do you know what that word is in English?

  • It starts with an "a", and it is

  • "arson". Okay? That's the act of setting fire to a building on purpose.

  • Maybe the person is trying to get some insurance money, or something like that. It's called

  • "arson", and the person who does that is called an "arsonist".

  • Next: What is the word for the crime of forcing sex on someone, or forcing someone to have sex?

  • That one starts with an "r", and it's called "rape".

  • Okay? The person who does that is called a "rapist".

  • Next: What's the word for the act of killing someone on purpose, with a plan?

  • It starts with "m", most people are familiar, unfortunately, with this word,

  • which is "murder". The person is called a "murderer",

  • so you add another "er" at the end.

  • This one is the act of threatening to reveal secrets, and demanding money in order to keep

  • quiet about those secrets. Sometimes... Or very often this is in connection with someone

  • who is famous, a politician, or something like that. Okay? Do you know what that is?

  • It starts with a "b" and it's called

  • "blackmail". Okay? To blackmail someone, to threaten to reveal secrets.

  • Next, killing someone accidentally or through negligence.

  • What's that? Here, we said killing

  • someone on purpose, which is murder, but this crime is called

  • "manslaughter". Okay? Manslaughter.

  • Killing someone accidentally or through negligence. "Negligence" means not paying enough attention

  • to something you were supposed to be paying attention to. For example, if something happens

  • to a child or something like that. Okay? So, these are the first five. We have five more

  • which we're going to look at next.

  • Okay, the next five words all have something to do with stealing, but different kinds of

  • stealing, so we have different words for the different crimes. All right? Let's see if

  • you know what they are. So, the first word refers to stealing in general. "Stealing",

  • by itself, first of all, in case you're not sure, means taking something without permission,

  • without paying for it. All right? Or from a place that's not your own place, etc.

  • Something that's not yours.

  • So, what is the general word for stealing in English? It starts with a "t". The word is

  • "theft". Okay? The word is "theft", the person who does it is called a "thief".

  • Next, stealing from a bank or shop with force or violence. With a gun, perhaps, things like that.

  • What's that? It's kind of stealing, again, but it has a different word. It's called...

  • It starts with an "r".

  • "Robbery". Okay? And the person is a

  • "robber". Might be a bank robber. It doesn't have to be only a bank robber.

  • It could also be a robber of this in a store. All right?

  • Next one, breaking into a home to steal. What is that crime called?

  • This one starts with a "b". Okay? Do you know what it is? It's called

  • "burglary". Okay? Now, I know you may

  • not be able to see these words very well, and also what I'm saying about the people,

  • like this one who is called a "burglar", but there will be a resource on our website about

  • this vocabulary. So you'll have the crimes, as well as the criminals, so you can always

  • check there if you want to know exactly what the words are, how to spell them, and so on.

  • Next one, stealing money in your care. What I mean by that is this is a word to refer

  • to the crime of... It's sometimes called a white-collar crime, someone who is in a...

  • A position of responsibility, and is responsible for a lot of money, steals. Over time, usually.

  • Not maybe at one time. What is this called? Any idea? It's kind of a long word that starts

  • with an "e", and it's called

  • "embezzlement". The person is called an "embezzler",

  • and the act "embezzlement". Okay?

  • The last one, stealing goods from a shop. Could be something small, could be something

  • expensive, inexpensive, anything. Stealing something from a shop. We have a special word

  • for that, yes, in English. That's called

  • "shoplifting". The person is called a "shoplifter". Okay?

  • So we see that there is a lot of very specific... There are a lot of very specific words to

  • refer to different kinds of crime. Let's review them for a minute. So what's the word for

  • someone who forces sex on another person?

  • That person is a rapist, the crime is rape.

  • Okay? Let's say, what's the word for someone who goes into a store with a gun and demands

  • money, or steals money?

  • That crime is robbery. Okay? What's the general word for stealing?

  • Theft. Okay. There's two kinds of words... Or two words that are on the board for

  • killing someone; one is on purpose and one is by accident.

  • So, the one on purpose is called murder;

  • the one by accident, manslaughter.

  • Do you remember what arson is?

  • What does an arsonist do?

  • Sets fire to a building, a store, or something on purpose. All right?

  • What is a burglar?

  • A burglar is someone who breaks into a house in order to steal.

  • So, again, quite specific, these words.

  • If you want to do a quiz on this, please go to our website: www.engvid.com.

  • And as I mentioned, we'll also have a resource with all of this

  • vocabulary on our website. And, of course, these are just 10 words for 10 crimes. Unfortunately,

  • there are many, many more crimes, and if you'd like to know some of this vocabulary,

  • send me your comments and if we get enough comments, I'll be happy to record some more lessons

  • for you and give you some more vocabulary. Okay?

  • All the best with your English. Bye for now.

Hi. I'm Rebecca from engVid, and this vocabulary lesson is about the topic of crime.

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A2 初級

英語の語彙.犯罪と犯罪者 (English Vocabulary: Crime & Criminals)

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    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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