B1 中級 29364 タグ追加 保存
動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
When French mathematician Laurent Schwartz was in high school,
he started to worry that he wasn't smart enough to solve math problems.
Maybe you know a similar feeling.
You sit down to take a math test,
and you feel your heart beat faster
and your palms start to sweat.
You get butterflies in your stomach, and you can't concentrate.
This phenomenon is called math anxiety,
and if it happens to you, you're not alone.
Researchers think about 20% of the population suffers from it.
Some psychologists even consider it a diagnosable condition.
But having mathematical anxiety doesn't necessarily mean you're bad at math -
not even close.
Laurent Schwartz went on to win the Fields Medal,
the highest award in mathematics.
People might think that they're anxious about math because they're bad at it,
but it's often the other way around.
They're doing poorly in math because they're anxious about it.
Some psychologists think that's because
math anxiety decreases a cognitive resource
called working memory.
That's the short-term memory system
that helps you organize the information you need to complete a task.
Worrying about being able to solve math problems,
or not doing well on a test,
eats up working memory,
leaving less of it available to tackle the math itself.
People can suddenly struggle with even basic math skills,
like arithmetic, that they've otherwise mastered.
Academic anxiety certainly isn't limited to math,
but it does seem to happen much more frequently,
and cause more harm in that subject.
So why would that be?
Researchers aren't yet sure,
but some studies suggest
that the way children are exposed to math by their parents and teachers
play a large part.
If parents talk about math like something challenging and unfamiliar,
children can internalize that.
Teachers with math anxiety are also likely to spread it to their students.
Pressure to solve problems quickly dials up stress even more.
And in some cultures, being good at math is a sign of being smart in general.
When the stakes are that high,
it's not surprising that students are anxious.
Even Maryam Mirzakhani, an influential mathematician
who was the first woman to win the Fields Medal,
felt unconfident and lost interest in mathematics
because her math teacher in middle school didn't think she was talented.
So if you experience mathematical anxiety,
what can you do?
Relaxation techniques, like short breathing exercises,
have improved test performance in students with math anxiety.
Writing down your worries can also help.
This strategy may give you a chance to reevaluate a stressful experience,
freeing up working memory.
And if you have the chance,
physical activity, like a brisk walk, deepens breathing
and helps relieve muscle tension,
preventing anxiety from building.
You can also use your knowledge about the brain
to change your mindset.
The brain is flexible,
and the areas involved in math skills can always grow and develop.
This is a psychological principle called the growth mindset.
Thinking of yourself as someone who can grow and improve
can actually help you grow and improve.
If you're a teacher or parent of young children,
try being playful with math and focusing on the creative aspects.
That can build the numerical skills
that help students approach math with confidence later on.
Importantly, you should give children the time and space
to work through their answers.
And if you're an administrator,
make sure your teachers have the positive attitudes
and mathematical confidence necessary
to inspire confidence in all of their students.
Also, don't let anyone spread the myth
that boys are innately better than girls at math.
That is completely false.
If you experience math anxiety,
it may not help to just know that math anxiety exists.
Or perhaps it's reassuring to put a name to the problem.
Regardless, if you take a look around yourself,
the odds are good that you'll see someone experiencing the same thing as you.
Just remember that the anxiety is not a reflection of your ability,
but it is something you can conquer with time and awareness.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

読み込み中…

【TED-Ed】「数学恐怖症」って本当にあった!?しかも克服こともできる? (Why do people get so anxious about math? - Orly Rubinsten)

29364 タグ追加 保存
Anita Lin 2017 年 4 月 26 日 に公開    Tomomi Shima 翻訳    VoiceTube Japan チェック
お勧め動画
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

    右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

  2. 2. リピート機能

    クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能!

  3. 3. ショートカット

    キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

    日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

    コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます!

  6. 6. 全画面再生

    左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

  1. クイズ付き動画

    リスニングクイズに挑戦!

  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔