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  • Now more in line with infection control,

  • I think it's important for us to talk about skin diseases and disorders.

  • Skin diseases, disorders and conditions include persons with boils,

  • infected wounds, open sores, abrasions,

  • or weeping dermatological lesions. We should avoid working where there is a

  • likelihood

  • they could contaminate healthcare supplies, body art equipment, or working

  • surfaces.

  • Workers skin should be free of rash or an infection

  • and health care workers, tattoo artists, and caregivers should cover any sores

  • with bandages

  • to avoid the potential spread of disease. Let's talk a little bit about the skin

  • anatomy.

  • See, the skin is the largest organ of the body. And it contains blood vessels, sentry

  • receptors, nerves, and sweat glands.

  • It's made about the epidermis and the dermis.

  • And it varies in thickness from one and a half to about four millimeters or more.

  • Skin as the first-line defense against infection

  • as long as it's intact. It's made up of the epidermis,

  • the thick outer layer of the tissue that's strong and tough as long as it's intact.

  • The dermis, which is the strong flexible second layer

  • of connective tissue. That dermis is filled with blood vessels and

  • any unclean tattoo or body art is it a high-risk activity for blood borne

  • pathogens,

  • because it involves multiple punctures of the skin

  • to instill that pigment into the dermis. The hypo-dermis is just below the

  • skin.

  • And it's the fatty layer, also called the subcutaneous layer.

  • Let's take a look at some commonly spread skin diseases.

  • They include several types, but the first was going to be in the bacteria group.

  • The first one is staphylococcus aureus,

  • Otherwise known as staph. It's a bacterium commonly found on the skin

  • and in the nose of some individuals.

  • Most the time staph really doesn't cause any harm. The infections can look like

  • little tiny pimples or boils or other skin conditions,

  • and most are able to be treated. MRSA,

  • the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection can look a lot like

  • ordinary skin wounds

  • or a boil or an infected sore. However the sore doesn't really seem to ever

  • heal, and in fact sometimes it even looks like it gets worse.

  • People contract MRSA by touching infected mucous membranes, skin,

  • or other contaminated objects. And in the community most MRSA

  • infections are limited to skin. More severe or potentially life-threatening

  • MRSA infections occur most frequently among patients in health care settings.

  • Now let's look at viruses. The most common is herpes

  • simplex. It's generally found in the face, especially the lips,

  • but it can also be seen on the scalp, or the arms, the neck, and upper chest

  • Small round blisters when broken may secrete

  • a little clear or yellowish fluid, and that fluid is highly contagious.

  • People contracted herpes by touching infected saliva

  • and those other mucous membranes or the skin. And then fungus

  • the most common of these has several different names for about the same

  • type of fungus. And that's athletes foot,

  • jock itch, and ringworm. It causes red, patchy, flaky, itchy areas.

  • It's contagious and is easily spread from one person to another.

  • It spreads when infected area on another person or contaminated surface, like a

  • shower or the floor of the shower

  • is touched. Affected areas need to be kept clean and dry

  • and there can be medications to help get rid of that infection

  • once and for all. Some people with the following conditions are more prone to

  • skin disorders.

  • Healing may especially adversely be affected by receiving tattoos

  • or body art. A history of hepatitis B or hepatitis C,

  • HIV and AIDS, diabetes,

  • history of hemophilia, or any other blood disorder,

  • history of skin diseases or skin lesions,

  • a history of allergies or adverse reactions to pigments, dyes, latex,

  • etc., or an immune disorder.

Now more in line with infection control,


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B2 中上級

皮膚疾患と障害 (Skin Diseases and Disorders)

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    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日