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  • - [Voiceover] This is a mummy of a young man

  • named Herakleides.

  • He died in Egypt in the first century A.D.

  • when he was about 20 years old.

  • Mummification was developed by the ancient Egyptians

  • to preserve the body for the afterlife.

  • Typically, all internal organs were removed

  • before mummification with the exception of the heart.

  • But in this case the heart was removed

  • and the lungs were left intact.

  • Next, the body was covered with salt

  • and left for about 40 days,

  • until all moisture was eliminated.

  • Perfumed oils and plant resins were rubbed on the body.

  • Thick layers of resin were applied to glue the strips of

  • linen that were wrapped around the body.

  • The mummy was placed on a wooden board

  • and more wrappings bound them together.

  • A mysterious pouch, perhaps of religious significance

  • was placed on the chest.

  • A mummified ibis, a wading bird with a slender,

  • down curved bill, was placed on the abdomen.

  • Ibis mummies commonly served as votive offerings

  • to the gods, but this is an unusual case

  • of a bird being mummified with a deceased human.

  • Long linen strips further secured the wrappings.

  • A portrait panel of Herakleides was placed over the face.

  • A large linen cloth was wrapped around the mummy.

  • The shroud was painted red with an imported

  • lead-based pigment.

  • This treatment is rare,

  • very few red shroud mummies are known to exist.

  • Egyptian symbols of protection and rebirth

  • were painted on the outer cloth with pigments and gold.

  • Finally, Herakleides name was written in Greek at the feet.

  • Thanks to this remarkable mummification process,

  • Herakleides body is with us today.

- [Voiceover] This is a mummy of a young man

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B2 中上級

ミイラ化のプロセス (The Mummification Process)

  • 243 17
    April Lu に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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