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  • 10 Jobs That Robots Will Dominate Within 20 years

  • 10. Service Clerks

  • The jobs that are already starting to disappear are the minimum-wage service clerks: cashiers,

  • bank tellers, even librarians. Today, you can withdraw, deposit, and check your bank

  • balance through an ATM, and speaking to a real live bank teller has become a rare event.

  • Self-checkouts are available at retail stores across the country, greatly reducing the need

  • for human cashiers. Retail employment hasn’t increased by much in recent years despite

  • sales performing strongly. It’s estimated that over $1 trillion will be transacted through

  • self-service machines in 2014. It’s not hard to imagine a giant retailer like Wal-Mart

  • or Target developing a completely automated store within the next few years. The technology

  • is there, and in the case of self-checkout lines it has already proved to save them a

  • lot of money.

  • 9. Waiters

  • Next time you go to Applebee’s or Chili’s, check out the tablet computers they now have

  • on each table. Although both restaurants still employ waiters, food and drinks can now be

  • ordered through the computers themselves, without ever talking to your server. More

  • and more restaurants are encouraging their customers to use tablets to order food and

  • pay their bill. This saves the restaurant money on staff, and customers actually end

  • up spending more when theyre ordering from a tablet.

  • One restaurant in Shandong, China has completely done away with human waiters in order to boost

  • efficiency, and robots that cook and prepare gourmet food at a rapid rate have also been

  • developed. (LINK 7) It won’t be much longer before large chain restaurants make the move

  • to entirely robot-run establishments.

  • 8. Telemarketers & Technical Support

  • Telemarketers and technical support workers already sound like robots, so it’s not difficult

  • to see how easily their jobs can be replaced by them. In some cases, these jobs have already

  • been taken over. One example is a telemarketer named Samantha West. An insurance company

  • in Florida employs the human-sounding robotic operator in order to gather information from

  • callers before passing them onto a live human to finalize the sale.

  • But how much longer until even the human closer is completely automated? Enter IBM’s Watson.

  • After dominating the popular trivia show Jeopardy!, Watson’s next mission is to become a sales

  • and customer support genius. Seriously. There’s a ton of money in sales and customer service,

  • and IBM believes they can teach Watson to accurately respond to difficult off-script

  • questions that sometimes confuse telemarketers and customer support technicians. IBM has

  • actually created a machine that sells itself. They currently use Watson to sell Watsons

  • to other companies.

  • 7. Real Estate Agents

  • The least glamorous aspect of being a real estate agent is spending hours each week showing

  • off homes to prospective buyers. You make a plate of cookies, brew a pot of coffee,

  • maintain the cleanliness of the home, and give the same mundane tour over and over.

  • This entire task is on its way to being completely automated. MIT is developinghighly expressive

  • humanoidsthat move and interact with humans in a natural way. They can learn from people,

  • and one robot named Rea has been trained to answer questions about property.

  • There’s also no longer a need for the home owners to even clean their propertythey

  • can just buy a robot. A company called Robomow has come out with a machine that will vacuum

  • your house, go outside and mow the lawn, and then hop in your pool and give that a clean

  • too. Weve come a long way from those first vacuuming Roombas.

  • 6. Journalists

  • Even supposedly creative career fields, such as journalism, will be replaced with machines.

  • One expert predicts that over 90% of news articles will be written solely by computers

  • within 15 years. It’s not hard to see why. News articles do little more than report the

  • facts in an easy-to-read way. It shouldn’t be too much of a problem to train a computer

  • to ingest data and spit out a finished news story.

  • And apparently, it’s not. Narrative Sciences is the leader in machine-generated content.

  • Their company produces stories completely untouched by humans. And these aren’t just

  • test articles spit out at some university somewhere. Youve probably read some robot

  • written articles already and been none the wiser. The Big Ten Network uses Narrative

  • Sciencesmachine to produce sports stories, and even Forbes magazine employs robot journalists

  • to write and publish company earnings reports.

  • 5. Pharmacists robot-pharmicist

  • Replacement of pharmacists with robots has already begun, as the UCSF Medical Center

  • has built an entirely automated hospital pharmacy run by intelligent machines. The robots at

  • UCSF process, prepare, and track medications. Everything is done without any human input,

  • and the result is improved safety for patients. Experts believe that pharmacists will be the

  • first highly skilled workers that will lose their careers to robots. The pharmacy bots

  • of today label vials, count pills, bill insurance companies, and look up patient records. The

  • best robot pharmacists used today are already faster and commit far less errors than their

  • human counterparts.

  • 4. Drivers

  • Everyone has heard of Google’s self-driving car program. These Google cars have autonomously

  • driven over half a million miles with no accidents at all while under the control of the machines.

  • It’s only a matter of time before these self driving machines spread, and millions

  • of people are out of jobs. Bus drivers, truck drivers, taxi drivers, airline pilots, even

  • the pizza delivery guy will be put out of work.

  • In Australia, there’s already a large mining facility that has replaced all of its human

  • drivers with 45 massive robot-controlled mining trucks. Trucks that drive themselves would

  • save businesses a ton of money. These things can drive constantly, and there’s no need

  • to pull over to sleep for eight hours or even stop for food. Replacing human drivers with

  • robots will massively increase productivity. Unfortunately, this may be one of the largest

  • groups of people left without jobs when autonomous vehicles are available on a massive scale.

  • 3. Soldiers

  • This is where it gets scary. Robotic Drones have already been in use by the CIA for years,

  • and over 2,000 people in Pakistan have been killed by drones in the last decade. Weve

  • all seen videos of those four-legged pack-mule bots carting army equipment around, but how

  • much longer until robot warriors are employed on a massive scale? General Robert Cone believes

  • that by the middle of the century, US Army soldiers will be fighting alongside robo-squadmates.

  • The Army is already planning on reducing the size of its combat teams from 4,000 human

  • soldiers to 3,000, with robots and drones filling the gap.

  • On the one hand it may seem a relief to have machines doing the dirty work of war for us,

  • but on the other hand this could have terrifying consequences. The International Committee

  • for Robot Arms Control was formed in 2009 to warn us of the disastrous consequences

  • building robotic kill-machines could lead to. A future war scenario as outlined in the

  • Terminator movies doesn’t seem that far fetched anymore.

  • 2. Teachers

  • Even teachers are at risk for losing their jobs in the next two decades. Computer scientists

  • are developing super-sophisticated machines that interact with people in a natural way

  • to teach them basic skills. This includes vocabulary and mathematics. Machines such

  • as these are currently used to teach autistic children how to play and interact with other

  • people. In Korea, human teachers have already been largely replaced by robots in some classrooms.

  • Engkey, a popular English teaching robot, is in use in several schools in a new program

  • launched by the South Korean government. The Engkey bots are still supported by a human

  • teacher who appears on a video screen once problems arise. But, how much longer until

  • even this human is replaced by a Watson-like super-intelligent machine?

  • 1. Doctors

  • Yes, even doctors are threatened by the rapid increase in machine intelligence. Even today

  • when you go in for surgery, chances are you will be operated on with the help of a robot.

  • Most large hospitals, and even many of the smaller ones, have huge octopus-armed machines

  • that assist the doctors with performing surgeries. The robots are more precise and faster in

  • many ways, and they even allow surgeons to work remotely. Imagine surgeons of the future

  • lounging around in their underwear at home, eating cereal, watching Netflix, and at the

  • same time remotely directing a robot surgery machine somewhere across the country. (LINK

  • 25)

  • Some predict that four out of five doctors will eventually be replaced with computers.

  • In India and Brazil, machines have already begun to practice primary care, and in some

  • ways they perform much more accurately than human doctors. (LINK 26) And with the news

  • of Apple’s Healthbook, it’s not difficult to imagine annual physicals becoming a thing

  • of the past. When your phone has the ability to constantly monitor your blood sugar, heart

  • rate, body weight, hydration, and perform other health tests, is there any reason to

  • get a follow up from a human doctor?

10 Jobs That Robots Will Dominate Within 20 years

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20年以内にロボットが支配する仕事トップ10 - TopTenzNet (Top 10 Jobs That Robots Will Dominate Within 20 Years — TopTenzNet)

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    richardwang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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