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  • Hi. My name's Ronnie. I'm going to teach you a little secret. It's not really a secret,

  • but it's something that's kind of interesting and really helpful when you're studying grammar,

  • and more importantly, speaking English. It's more magic than a secret. It's a crazy little

  • magic that I'd like to teach you. I'm going to do some magic tricks.

  • The magic trick is how to make a noun and/or a verb into an adjective. So, how we make

  • adjectives, or how adjectives are born. Ah, the birth of an adjective. So, I'm going to

  • go through some examples sentences that have a noun. We're going to change the noun-dunh,

  • dunh, dunh, dunh-and going to use the sentence as a verb, and then magically, we're going

  • to change this into an adjective. Are you ready? Are you excited? Not real-... Not real...?

  • Not really? Come on, it's magic. I'm telling you, it'll be... Okay, yeah, let's go.

  • So, if you look at my first sentence, okay? "There is a tear in my paper." So, "shwi",

  • my paper. [Fake cries] "There's a tear in my paper." We're going to know that this word

  • is a noun with some very simple tricks. Because we have the word "a", a's an article, so:

  • "There is a tear in my paper." We know that this is a noun.

  • The next one: "There is a stain on my pants." What were you doing? And the se-...

  • Or the next one: "There are holes in my jeans." Now, we have to change this, because "holes"

  • are plural, we have to use "are". We can't say: "There is a holes." because "a" is only

  • for singular. But when we have plural, for example, "holes" or "pieces", we have to use

  • "are" because "are" is plural. Let's just write that down here.

  • So: "There are holes in my jeans." And, uh oh: "There are pieces"-again, this is plural-"missing

  • from my teeth". True story. I have pieces missing from my teeth. It's a long story.

  • I'm not going to get into it when we're doing the magic.

  • So, what we're going to do is we're going to take our sentence, we're going to take

  • our noun-do, do, do, do-and we're going to change it into a verb. The way that we do

  • this is we're going to change the noun into actually the past tense of the verb. For example:

  • "There is a tear in my paper." The verb is "tear" or "tore". So: "I tore my paper."

  • Next one: "There is a stain on my pants." What we're going to do is we're going to take

  • the word "stain" and make it past tense. We're going to say: "I stained my pants." Just curious

  • as to how you stained your pants, but that's fine.

  • "There are holes in my jeans." Now, we can't say: "I holeded my jeans", because "holes"

  • we cannot change into a verb. We're going to use the verb "ripped", so you can say:

  • "I ripped my jeans." Rip.

  • And: "There are pieces missing from my teeth." We can't say: "There are pieceded", but we

  • can say: "I chipped my teeth." So, "chipped" means there's a piece missing.

  • So what we've done, very simply, is we've taken our noun, and we've used it as a verb.

  • This is where the magic happens. This is where the adjective happens. To make a verb into

  • an adjective, we're going to use what's called the past participle, or as I like to say,

  • the PP of the verb. So, we have the infinitive or the base form, we have the past form, and

  • then the third form or the past participle (the PP) of the verb. So all we're going to

  • do is we're going to change the verb "tore" to "torn".

  • So we're going to say: "My paper is torn."

  • We know that this is an adjective because we used the verb "to be".

  • Next one: "I stained my pants." The adjective of "stained", because it's an "ed" verb is

  • going to stay the same. We're going to say: "My pants are stained."

  • Next one, uh oh: "I ripped my jeans." We're going to say: "My jeans are ripped."

  • And last one, uh oh: "I chipped my teeth."

  • You're going to say instead: "My teeth are chipped."

  • The magic happens when we take the verb, and we change it into the past participle. This

  • is how we make a lot of adjectives in English. You take a verb, you change it to the past

  • participle. It's difficult to remember all of the past participles, but there are ones

  • that we normally use more than others, and especially when describing things.

  • Another example would be: "I broke my arm." Oh no! So "broke" is the past tense of "break".

  • "I broke my arm." To make it an adjective, do you know the past participle of "break"?

  • Break, bro... Broken! Broken. So, you're going to say: "My arm is broken."

  • And all we've done, here, is we've changed the verb into-dunh, dunh, dunh-dunh-an adjective.

  • And that's the end of the magic show.

  • Enjoy your grammar.

Hi. My name's Ronnie. I'm going to teach you a little secret. It's not really a secret,

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A2 初級

NOUNSとVERBSをADJECTIVESに変えよう (Turn NOUNS & VERBS into ADJECTIVES!)

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    Jenny Lan に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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