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  • In November 1989, the Berlin Wall separating East and West Germany began to be demolished, signaling an end to a divided Germany.

  • But despite the country slowly equalizing in the last quarter of a century,

  • considerable differences still remain between the two halves.

  • So, how is Germany still divided?

  • Well, after World War Two, Germany was split in two by Allied forces.

  • The eastern half went to the Soviet Union to be run as a communist state, while the western half went to the European capitalist community.

  • From 1945 to 1989, West Germany flourished while East Germany faltered.

  • When the Berlin Wall fell, West Germany effectively encapsulated their weaker counterpart,

  • leading to a number of lasting differences in both society and economy.

  • Today, unemployment in the East is about three and a half percent higher than in the West.

  • In fact, following the unification, East Germany's unemployment rate went from zero percent to nearly twenty percent by 1997, and only began to decline in 2005.

  • This is because East Germany was forced to compete with an already robust West German economy and currency,

  • leading to many failing businesses, and a rapid brain drain to the west.

  • To help, West Germany has spent nearly 3 trillion dollars on economic aid,

  • which Germans have been paying through an additional income tax. This aid is expected to continue until 2019.

  • The transition also caused a large number of East Germans to move West, abandoning a number of cities, turning them into ghost towns.

  • Although three quarters of former East Germans considered the reunification a success, only half of former West Germans agreed.

  • In fact, poor conditions in the East only intensified after 1989.

  • From 1990 to 1994, the birth rate fell by about 50%, and the suicide rate heavily increased.

  • Right wing groups, including neo-Nazis have also found more popularity in former East Germany,

  • which some have attributed to a disdain for the region's historically left-leaning communist ideology.

  • The differences between the two halves are even visible from space,

  • with the Eastern half lit by yellow light, and the West by greener light.

  • This is the lingering result of the West's foray into environmentally friendly energy,

  • while the East was extremely reliant on coal.

  • Other superficial differences remain, even two and a half decades later.

  • But the strongest reason for their continued separation is that West Germany had a big head start during reunification.

  • Young people in Germany have predominantly chosen to live in the Western half,

  • where the quality of life and employment opportunities are considerably better.

  • This self-perpetuating cycle has kept East Germany from effectively competing with the West.

  • Unfortunately, there is no reason for this cycle to stop, and it is likely that East and West Germany will continue to be divided for generations to come.

  • Germany might still be divided, but the country's economy is now dominating the European Union.

  • Watch this video to find out more.

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In November 1989, the Berlin Wall separating East and West Germany began to be demolished, signaling an end to a divided Germany.


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ドイツはいまだに東西に分断されているのか (How Germany Is Still Divided By East and West)

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    gotony5614.me97 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日