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  • Shalom and welcome to the Satellite Bible Atlas video #6: Map 1-4.

  • The focus of Map 1-4 is The Jezreel Valley and Lower Galilee.

  • The general location of the terrain of Map 1-4 is situated in the North Central area

  • of the Land of Israel.

  • We described in Video #3 how the Jezreel Valley is a wide, flat plain between the Central

  • Hill Country to the south and mountainous Galilee to the north.

  • This makes the Jezreel Valley a hub of international routes that crisscross Israel --

  • a kind of Grand Central Station.

  • Before we take a closer look at the Jezreel Valley

  • and the routes that come in and out of it from all directions...

  • lets first see the regions that surround the Jezreel Valley.

  • To the west is Mt. Carmel, including the Shephelah,

  • or foothills of Carmel.

  • Northwest is the Plain of Asher,

  • which spreads out from the modern Sea port city of Haifa on the slope of Mt. Carmel,

  • to Acco/Ptolemais in the north.

  • North of the Jezreel Valley is Lower Galilee,

  • a series of east to west running mountain ranges that are bisected by wide plains.

  • Note the town of Nazareth on mountainous ridge just north of the Jezreel Valley.

  • On the east note Eastern Lower Galilee, and to the

  • southeast Mt. Gilboa.

  • Between Eastern Lower Galilee and Mt. Gilboa is the

  • wide Harod Valley, which serves as a route to and from the east.

  • Finally, note the Jordan Rift Valley,

  • including the Sea of Galilee and the Lower Jordan River plain.

  • From a high spot on Mt. Carmel, let's get a view

  • of the Jezreel Valley from West to East.

  • Note the agricultural productivity of the Jezreel Valley.

  • The Name Jezreel, means "God will plant". Looking across the Valley, some 10 to 15 miles

  • away, are the Nazareth Ridge,

  • Mt. Tabor, and the Hill of Moreh.

  • Turning just a bit to the south -- Here's the Hill of Moreh,

  • the Harod Valley, and Mt. Gilboa.

  • Now let's take a closer look at the routes and site locations

  • associated with the Jezreel Valley. One Bible geographer called the Jezreel Valley

  • a stage with entrances and exits that lead to and from other nations.

  • The southwest entrance - exit of the Jezreel Valley leads to the Coastal Plain and ultimately

  • to Egypt. These gates are called the Mt. Carmel Passes.

  • They follow valleys that pass through Mt. Carmel. Where the passes enter

  • the Jezreel Valley, one pass is guarded by the city of Megiddo,

  • the other by Jokneam. Above Jokneam on Mt. Carmel is the traditional location

  • of Elijah's contest with the prophets of the Phonecian god, Baal.

  • We are on Mt Carmel where Elija contested with the prophets of Baal

  • showing that Baal is nothing and Yahweh is the true God.

  • Here is an aerial photo of the ruins of Megiddo, well situated to

  • oversee activity in the Jezreel Valley.

  • Most importantly , Megiddo supervised the important pass connecting

  • the Jezreel Valley with the coastal Sharon Plain.

  • The modern highway runs through the Megiddo Pass.

  • Map 2-5 shows a campaign of Pharoah Thutmose III. This Pharoah

  • may be the one who caused Moses to flee to Midian

  • Thutmoses III made multiple campaigns into Canaan in an effort to secure control of trade

  • routes in the plains On one of those campaigns

  • Thutmose boasted of attacking Megiddo via the narrow Megiddo pass, giving a pep talk

  • to his troops, he declared: "Capturing Megiddo is like capturing 1000

  • cities!"

  • The Northwest gate of the Jezreel Valley is the Kishon Pass

  • All of the Jezreel Valley is drained by the Kishon River which

  • exits the Valley along the foot of Mt. Carmel to the northwest, ending at the Mediterranean

  • Sea. The route follows the river along Mt. Carmel

  • to the Plain of Asher.

  • This Google Earth photo shows Mt. Carmel and the Kishon Pass

  • The photo is oriented to the west. North is to the right. Here's the tip

  • of the Jezreel Valley. Here is Mount Carmel, and the

  • Kishon Pass that connects the Jezreel Valley to the Plain of Asher and the Mediterranean

  • Sea. Also visible are the Jokneam Pass through Mt. Carmel and Tel Jokneam

  • where the route joins the Jezreel Valley.

  • As Map 6-3 shows, The Israel-Phoenicia alliance in the days of

  • Ahab and Jezebel utilized the Kishon Pass in the transfer of materials, culture and

  • religion between these two nations.

  • The North gate to the Jezreel Valley is the Shimron Pass. The Shimron Pass

  • uses a valley to join with an important east-west route that connects Acco with the Sea of Galilee.

  • More remote in the hills above this region is the village of Nazareth,

  • where Jesus grew up.

  • Behind us is a Nazareth a town where Jesus grew up.

  • We are here in the town of Nazareth and this is the hometown of Jesus.

  • Where He was teaching in His Galileean ministries. And the reactions from people there was so

  • strong that they wanted to take Him up to the hill (and to kill Him.)

  • In the same hilly region near Nazareth, only two miles away is

  • Gath-hepher, the hometown of the prophet Jonah. Also nearby is

  • Sepphoris, an important Roman town, the regional capital

  • of Galilee when Jesus was a youth. To the north, across the wide Bet Netofa

  • plain is Jotapata, where the Jewish general and historian Josephus Flavius was captured

  • by the Romans, and Cana, where Jesus performed His first

  • miracle.

  • Hi. We are here in the city of Sepphoris near Nazareth.

  • And Behind me across the valley is the ruin of Cana where Jesus did His first miracle

  • turning water into wine.

  • Archaeological excavations at Cana have exposed a late First century AD building,

  • likely a synagogue , including this base and pillar.

  • The Northeast gate exits the Jezreel Valley between the

  • Hill of Moreh, and Mt. Tabor. Therefore we call this gate

  • the Tabor pass.

  • Right now we are at a ridge near Nazareth and to my

  • right you can see Mt. Tabor also the valley of Jezreel

  • where Barak and Deborah fought a battle against Sisera of Hazor and Jabin and the Lord gave

  • them a great victory. Also

  • behind me is Mt. Moreh where a city known as Nain sits on the ridge

  • where the Lord Jesus Christ raised a son of a poor widow from the dead.

  • The Tabor Pass is a part of the Great International route

  • that connects with nations further north. Note the Wadi Arbel where the route drops

  • down to the Plain of Genessaret along the Sea of

  • Galilee.

  • This photo shows the Wadi Arbel region. The International route

  • comes along the northwestern side of the Sea of Galilee, then north.

  • On Map 1-3, note the continuation of the Great International route, from the

  • Jezreel Valley to the Sea of Galilee, the route climbs north to the city of Hazor

  • in the Hulah Valley. The route continues north

  • in the Hulah Valley to the region around Dan, where it branches to Lebanon or Damascus of

  • Syria, and beyond to Mesopotamia.

  • The east Gate of the Jezreel Valley is the Harod Valley Route, connecting the cities

  • of Jezreel and Beth-shan. The Jezreel Valley

  • is shaped like an arrowhead. The Harod Valley is the shaft of the arrow, running along the

  • north side of Mt. Gilboa.

  • On Map 1-3, note how the gateway to the east, the Harod Valley, intersects

  • with the important route in the Jordan Rift Valley at the city of Beth-shan.

  • From here there is access up into Gilead. One route intersects with the Transjordan

  • International highway, or the Way to Bashan, at the city of Ramot-Gilead.

  • Here is a beautiful aerial photograph from the Pictorial Library of Bible Lands collection.

  • We are looking at Mt. Gilboa and the Harod Valley from West to east.

  • Here is the modern kibutz, and ancient Tel Jezreel.

  • Mt Gilboa. The Harod Valley.

  • The modern route in the Harod Valley, maneuvering past irrigation and fish ponds to Beth-shan.

  • A portion of The Rift Valley, and off to the east, the Hills of Gilead

  • .

  • There are many Biblical events that show the Harod Valley was an important route.

  • As marked on Map 4-6, the Lord chose three hundred men in the days of Gideon at the

  • Harod Spring, near the city of Jezreel at the base of Mt.

  • Gilboa. The Midianites

  • were across the Harod Valley at the foot of the Hill of Moreh.

  • When Gideon blew the trumpet, the Midianites panicked and fled down the Harod Valley,

  • crossed the Jordan River and tried to escape further east through Gilead.

  • We are at the Spring of Harod where the LORD chose 300 men in the days of

  • Gideon to conquer the Medianites.

  • In Saul's final days the Philistines encamped at

  • Shunem near the Hill of Moreh. They were in position to not only compete

  • for control of the important routes in the Jezreel Valley,

  • but also to drive a wedge between Israelite northern and southern tribes.

  • King Saul gathered his forces at Jezreel, and then snuck

  • around the Philistines to get counsel from a witch at En Dor. To no avail.

  • The next day Saul was wounded, retreated and died on Mt. Gilboa.

  • The Philisitines found his body and hung it on the walls of Beth-shan.

  • We are at Beth-Shan. We are standing on a Roman street.

  • And behind us is the Caanaites-Israleites mound where the Philistines dragged Saul's

  • body and hung it up.

  • Ahab, the Baal worshipping king of Israel, killed Naboth of Jezreel and confiscated Naboth's

  • land. Not long afterwards Ahab convinced Jehoshaphat of Judah to go up to Ramoth-gilead

  • to battle with the Aramens. Ahab was killed

  • at Ramot-gilead by a stray arrow.

  • The Harod Valley to Gilead connection is illustrated by the wild

  • chariot ride of Jehu, who was anointed to

  • wipe out Baal worship in Israel.

  • We are at the city of Jezreel. Behind us is the Harod valley

  • and Jehu rode his chariot wildly up the valley and came here to the city and killing both

  • the king of Judah and king of Israel and having Jezebel thrown out the window.

  • Very good. That's it.

  • And finally, the southern gate of the Jezreel Valley the Bible calls

  • the Ascent of Gur.

  • The continuation of this route is shown on Map 1-

  • It ascends into the Hills of Samaria at Ibleam, and just

  • before Dothan splits. One branch toward the city of Samaria,

  • the other toward Tirzah. The routes rejoin

  • at Shechem, where it continues south on the Watershed route, the Road of the Patriarchs.

  • So these are the gates in and out of the Jezreel Valley.

  • The Mt. Carmel Passes to the Coastal plain and Egypt.

  • The Kishon pass to the the Plain of Asher and the Mediterranean sea.

  • The Shimron pass beyond the Nazareth Ridge. The Tabor pass, a continuation of the great

  • International route to the Northeast, the Harod Valley route with connections to

  • the Jordan Rift Valley and Gilead, and the Ascent of Gur into Samaria.

  • This video was written by Professor William Schlegel

  • Translated by Dr. Simon Liu and Miss Anny Zhang

  • And edited by Dr. Joseph Kim Please visit www.logos101.org for more information.

  • Again please visit Dr. Joseph Kim's website, www.logos101.org for more information.

  • Thank you.

Shalom and welcome to the Satellite Bible Atlas video #6: Map 1-4.

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衛星聖書地図コレクションビデオ6 - エズリエルの谷とガリラヤ下層の谷 英語・中国語 (衛星聖經地圖集 视频 6 - 耶斯列谷和下加利利 Eng-Chinese)

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