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{ Difference between 'Some' and 'Any' }
Hello friends, Welcome back to new lesson, I am Niharika
and in today's lesson we are gonna look at the words
'Some' and 'Any', now in English when do we use these words?
well, when we are unable to specify
an exact number or an exact amount
that's when we end up using the words - Some
and Any, for example: We say
I saw three elephants at the zoo today
so here when you say - I saw three elephants, you are specifically mentioning
the number of elephants that you saw at the zoo.
but, if you just say that I saw
some elephants, Well! The 'some' word specifies
that you might have seen three or four
or few elephants. And then
the word 'Any'- I didn't see any elephants at the zoo today
so 'Any'- Well! that tells you that you didn't see
any elephants. Right?
So, let's understand when do we use the words
'Some' & 'Any' and how correctly it should be used in English.
So, we have examples here, well the first rule
The word 'Some' - along with the words like somebody
Something, Someone, Somewhere
or words like
Anybody, Anyone, Anywhere
and so on.... So, we gonna learn
to use these words as well, So, now the word
'some' along with the words like somebody, somewhere, someone
these words are always use in positive sentences
okay, whereas the word 'Any'
along with the words like anybody, anyone, anywhere
are used in negative sentences.
So, here I have two examples for you with positive sentences
using the word 'some' - Eg. We got some flowers
So, here I am saying that - We bought some flowers
Okay, Now of course you are not mentioning, how many flowers did you buy
you were saying that - We bought some flowers
and if you look at the example here
We didn't buy any flowers.
Okay, this is negative, this is positive
So, the word 'some' is used in a positive sentence
whereas the word 'any' is used in a negative sentence
let's look at another example - He is busy,
he has got some work to do. Wow! hard working guy, right?
So, He is busy , he has got some work to do
you have used the word 'Some' well! because it's a
positive sentence, but if you look at example
at the example over here- He is lazy,
He never does any work. So, never
that means, it's a negative sentence, right? He's lazy, he never does any work
well that's why we have used the word 'any'
okay, so this first rule that you need to keep in mind - that we use the word 'Some'
along with these words
in positive sentences, whereas we use the word "any'
along with these words like anybody, anyone, anywhere
it negative sentences. Now let's learn some more about these words
Okay, So, here's another rule
for using the word 'some'
So, we do use the word 'Some' and of course
words like somebody, somewhere, something
to ask a question and specifically when we
we want to offer something or when we are
requesting for something, okay, that's when we use
the words some, somebody, something
somewhere okay, for example :
Would you like something to eat. Say, you have guests at home
and you wanna offer them something to eat
so, would you like something to eat? or would you like to have some more tea?
would you like to have some more juice? okay, so this is the way you are
offering something, right? So to offer
something you would always end up using the word
'some' or words like 'something', 'somebody'
'someone' okay, then another one
over here - this is when you are asking or requesting for something
Could I have some milk , please? okay you're out of milk
and you want to make some coffee for yourself
So, you go to your neighbor's house and you say - Okay,
you know I'm out of milk, So could I have some milk, please?
So, you are asking for something, you're requesting for something.
So, again you end up using the word 'Some'
okay, now another rule for using the word 'Any'
and of course along with that words like
anything, anybody, anywhere
So, you use these words when... with the meaning, when it doesn't matter
okay, it's used in a positive way
that's the difference you know, well! we learned that
the word 'any' is always used in negative sentences
but again it's English
so when you are trying to tell someone something
in a positive way but the meaning
of that sentences is that it doesn't matter
okay, it doesn't matter that is when you end up using words
like any, anybody, anything, anywhere
to understand this better let's look at the examples here -
Which book shall I read ? okay, someone asks you
why don't you go through my library? and just pick up a book
whatever you want to read. So, your friend would ask a
hey! which book shall I read? So, Well!
Anyone it's up to you. So, when you end up saying -
Anyone, it means - It doesn't matter
Okay, So you are being positive here but you also using the word
anyone, but it doesn't matter
in relation to that meaning you are using this , right?
So, that's the correct way to say it. Another one
Let's go somewhere, where shall we go?
Anywhere, I just want to chill, So, again here you are saying
anywhere because it doesn't matter to you, you just want to step out, you just wanna have
a good time, you just wanna chill so, it doesn't matter
so that's exactly the reason why you end up using the word
'anywhere' okay, so you use these words when
with the meaning that it doesn't matter, got it? Now let's have a look at another rule
Okay, So here is another point that you need to keep in mind when you're
learning these words
Now, words like somebody, someone
Anybody, Anyone, well! these are singular words
however, we do use words like them
they, their after we use these words
Okay, so to understand this, let's look at the example
Someone has forgotten their phone - Now, you would say....
Well! you just mentioned - Someone is a singular word, right?
then why have you ended up using the word 'their'
So let me explain this to you, Now probably you are
in a classroom, okay, and....
the class is of 20 kids and out of these
20 kids, Well! this phone belongs to
one kid, right? and you don't know who he or she is
right? so, when you end up saying someone
okay, so you know that the phone belongs to one person that's why you are saying
has forgotten their phone. So,
the word 'their' Well! this word is used to talk about the whole group
okay and that's why we have ended up using this
word right? well let's look at the second sentence
so that you get this better - If anyone is interested to participate
in the competition, they can contact the front desk.
so again if anyone, okay
well probably there's a competition and you know that there are several people
out there who would like to participate
but you don't know specifically who that person would be
So, you end up using the word 'anyone'
If anyone's interested to participate
in the competition, they can contact the front desk
So, the word 'they', well! this is used to talk about
the whole bunch of people
whoever wants to participate in the competition, okay
so the whole bunch of people that you are talking to, right? and that's why you
end up using these
plural words with the singular words like somebody, someone
anybody or anyone okay, This brings me
to the end of this lesson, just a quick review for you
words like some, somebody, somewhere someone...
are used in positive sentences. Words like
any, anybody, anywhere, anything are used in negative sentences
okay, and of course the word 'some'
or the rest of the words are used to
to offer.... are used in questions to offer
or to request, where as words like any
and the other words of course are
used with a meaning where it 'doesn't matter which'
okay, so hope this is clear to you, if any questions do write into us
I'll be happy to reply to your questions
and I'll be back with a new lesson soon, till then
you take care and have a great day!



英文法レッスン-トリッキーな「Some」対「Any」 (英会話を学ぶ)

45745 タグ追加 保存
Chamber 2015 年 7 月 28 日 に公開
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