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  • Inductive versus Deductive Reasoning, a la Shmoop.

  • As you may have heard, there is more than one way to skin a cat.

  • Although none of them are endorsed by PETA.

  • In the same vein, there is more than one way to... apply reason.

  • For example, you may decide that it wouldn't be a good idea for you to skin a cat...

  • ...because all living things are precious, and you may be incurring the wrath of God

  • by so callously torturing one of his creatures.

  • Or, you might just realize that you've got too much homework to do tonight.

  • Either way, there's a cat out there somewhere sighing a huge meow of relief.

  • When it comes to reasoning, there are two main ways to do it...

  • using inductive reasoning...

  • ...or by using deductive reasoning.

  • Deductive reasoning, otherwise known as the "top down" approach...

  • ...starts with a general statement, theory or hypothesis...

  • ...and then works its way down to a specific conclusion by examining various pieces of evidence.

  • For example, if you hypothesize that Dr. Seuss hates cats...

  • ...and you provide examples from The Cat in the Hat that you feel support that hypothesis...

  • can deduce that Dr. Seuss does, in fact, hate cats.

  • And let's not even get started on how he feels about Thing 1 and Thing 2.

  • Of course, it's a little more complicated when applied to an essay, because there are

  • many more pieces of evidence to consider, but you get the idea.

  • Inductive reasoning, or the "bottom up" approach...

  • ...starts with a small observation or question...

  • ...and works its way to a theory by examining the related issues.

  • It's a bit more exploratory by nature than deductive reasoning.

  • Like... "How does Dr. Seuss feel about cats?"

  • "Well, he has this cat do some really dumb stuff... and he keeps getting in trouble...

  • and the kids get angry at him... and he looks weird.

  • So yeah... Dr. Seuss doesn't seem like a big cat fan."

  • So... how to apply these tools when writing an essay?

  • If writing a deductive essay, you'll want to make your big statement right up front...

  • ...and then spend the rest of the paper providing evidence that supports your statement.

  • In your conclusion, you can restate your premise, and then remind the reader how fabulously

  • you just proved your point. When writing an inductive essay, your intro

  • will be a little more mysterious...

  •'re going to start with the facts, and gradually string together a conclusion...

  • ...which will end your essay with a bang.

  • You could also try using seductive reasoning,

  • but you'd better look good in a nightie.

Inductive versus Deductive Reasoning, a la Shmoop.


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Shmoopによる帰納的推論VS演繹的推論 (Inductive VS Deductive Reasoning by Shmoop)

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    VoiceTube に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日