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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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Neil: Hello, welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil
and with me in the studio is Harry. Hello, Harry.
Harry: Hello.
Neil: Now, Harry, do you have many passwords?
Harry: Passwords - you mean the set of words and
numbers which I keep secret and allow me to access information? Yes, I do actually.
I've got a few for my computer and the different websites I use, and then there are my cards
– credit card, debit card. And there's one for my ID here at the BBC and then there is...
Neil: OK. I get the idea. There are too many
aren't there?
Harry: Oh, yes! Sometimes I struggle to remember them all.
And we are advised to learn them by heart, in other words, to have them memorized
and not written down.
Neil: It's for security reasons. If you write them
down and lose the paper you wrote them on, then they won't be secret anymore, will they?
Now, how would you like to have access to things with no need for passwords or cards?
Harry: Yeah, that would be brilliant!
Neil: In this programme, I'm going to tell you about
a futuristic commercial building in Stockholm, Sweden, where you don't have to remember any passwords,
you don't have to carry ID cards and in some cases, you don't even need to
carry money to pay for your coffee.
Harry: How does it all work then - by magic?
Neil: No, by inserting a microchip under the skin
of your hand! A microchip is a very small device with an electronic circuit which can
do particular things. In this case, the microchip we're talking about can identify you.
Harry: Wow! I'm not sure I'd want a microchip inserted under my skin.
Neil: No, me neither. It's interesting though, isn't it?
Before I tell you about this experiment, let's go for our quiz question. And, of course,
it's all about passwords. Security firm SplashData publishes an annual report about the weakest
passwords people use. Well, which was the most common password used in 2014. Was it:
a) abc123 b) the numbers 123456
c) the words 'trustno' followed by the number 1
Harry I'm going to go for C, 'trustno' followed by the 1
because actually it's the only one I hadn't heard of, even though it's very obvious.
Neil: Well, all will be revealed at the end of the programme.
Now we are talking about the increasing need for ID in a society which works more
and more with computers - and you'll learn some related vocabulary.
Harry: Tell us more about this building in Sweden,
Neil. You have this microchip put under your skin - and what does it allow you to do inside the building?
Neil: Let's listen to the BBC technology reporter
Rory Cellan-Jones. He went there for a visit. He uses an expression to say that the technology
is not working perfectly yet because it is brand new. What is that expression?
Rory Cellan-Jones: The new offices will soon host a shifting
population of 700 entrepreneurs and employees and they'll all be offered the chance to 'get
chipped' if they wish. As well as opening doors that will allow them to use the photocopiers
and eventually to log on to computers or pay for food in the cafe. The technology is still
having teething problems – I found it quite a struggle to activate the photocopier! And
amongst the people working here I found some enthusiasm but also caution.
Harry: The expression is 'having teething problems'.
When a new project or device doesn't work perfectly we say it 'has teething problems'.
Neil: Yes, the microchip allowed Rory to make the
photocopier work just by swiping his hand over a console. But it didn't work straight away.
Harry: And he tells us that some of the workers are
reacting with caution to the idea of having a microchip put under their skin. 'Caution'
means being careful to avoid something dangerous or risky.
Neil: It might be risky but we might all be using
it one day - who knows? The group running this scheme thinks this might be a good thing.
Hannes Sjobland from a Swedish bio-hacking group seems to believe that linking biology
and electronic devices can make our daily lives better - but he is concerned about people's
freedom. And what if a government or a big corporation wants to use this technology in
the future? What does Hannes Sjobland want to be able to do if it happens? A tip, the word is a verb...
Hannes Sjoband: We are early adopters of this technology,
we experiment with it, we learn it, how it works, because I think that there might be
a day when the taxman or the big corporates ... they will come and say 'hey, try this
chip, try this implant', and then we will be able to question their proposals.
Harry: He wants to question their proposals; it means
to express doubts about their proposals and intentions. You know what, Neil? I'd rather have my passwords!
Neil: Well, talking about passwords, let's go back
to my quiz question. I asked you what the weakest passwords people use is, according
to the 2014 report by the online security firm SplashData. The options were: abc123,
the numbers 123456 and the words 'trustno' followed by the number 1.
Harry: And I said the third one, 'trustno1'.
Neil: And you were ... wrong I'm afraid Harry.
The correct answer is B. The password '123456' has been named as the worst password of 2014.
The other two were also in the list. Before we go, can you remind us of the words we heard today, Harry.
Harry: The words were: password, by heart, microchip,
having teething problems, caution, to question
Neil: Thank you. Well, that's it for this programme.
Go to www.bbclearningenglish.com to find more 6 Minute English programmes. Until next time. Goodbye!
Harry: Bye!
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BBC 6 Minute English_March 19, 2015 - Human Microchips

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Adam Huang 2015 年 3 月 19 日 に公開
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