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  • Hi. This is Rebecca. In today's English In the News lesson, we're going to talk about

    こんにちは、レベッカです。今日のEnglish In the Newsのレッスンでは、次のことについてお話しします。

  • cyber theft. So what does "cyber theft" mean? The word "cyber" has to do with computers.

    サイバー窃盗では、"cyber theft"とは何を意味するのでしょうか?言葉の"cyber"は、コンピュータと関係があります。

  • And the word "theft" has to do with stealing. All right? So let's look at three headlines


  • that were in the news recently regarding this subject of cyber theft. You'll also learn


  • lots of other vocabulary related to the same theme.


  • So the first headline said, "Target data theft affects 70 million". "Target", you should

    だから最初の見出しは、"Target data theft affects 70 million"と言った。

  • know, is the name of a very large retail store in the United States and Canada and some other


  • places, perhaps. I know they are in Canada and the U.S. "target payment card heist."

    場所、おそらく。私は彼らがカナダと米国にあることを知っている "ターゲットペイメントカードheist.&quot.

  • "Target security breach." Okay? These were three different headlines in three different

    "Target security breach."Okay?これらは3つの異なる見出しで、3つの異なる

  • newspapers about the same situation, the same story. Let's see what words they chose to


  • use. So here, we have "Target data theft." So that means data -- or "data" -- was stolen, and

    を使用しています。つまり、ここでは、"Target data theft."ということは、データ -- または "data" -- が盗まれたということです。

  • it affected 70 million people. Here, they said "Target payment card heist". So what's

    それは7000万人に影響を与えました。ここで、彼らは"Target payment card heist"と言いました。で、何が

  • a "heist"? "Heist" is another word which means "robbery" or "stealing". Another way is "Target

    a "heist" ? "Heist"は、"robbery"または"stealing"を意味する別の単語です。もう一つの方法は、"Target

  • security breach." So what's a "breach of security"? A "breach" is a kind of violation, when somebody

    security breach."だから、何が"bre breach of security"なの?A " breach" is a kind of violation, when somebody

  • does something illegally that they are not allowed to do. They go over some limit that


  • they were not allowed to pass; that's a "breach". And in this case, it was a breach of -- or


  • violation of -- security. All right? So you have three different ways that they refer


  • to it already. "Data theft", "payment card heist", "security breach". See how you can

    既にそれに。 "Data theft"、"payment card heist"、"security breach"。どのようにすることができます参照してください。

  • pick up these expressions -- all right? -- to improve your English?

    これらの表現を拾って -- いいですか?-- 英語を上達させるために?

  • Let's look out at a paragraph about that story. I'll just read it for you first. "Retail giant

    Let's look out at a paragraph about that story.私はちょうどあなたのために最初にそれを読んでみましょう。

  • Target confirmed a pre-Christmas cyber attack at over 1700 U.S. stores, resulting in payment


  • card and identity theft of over 70 million customers." Okay. A lot of information. A


  • lot of journalistic writing -- packs in a lot of information, especially in the first


  • paragraph. They're supposed to tell you who, what, when, where, why -- if they can -- or


  • how in that one paragraph because in case you don't have time to read the rest, at least


  • you've got the main information.


  • So let's see if we can figure out what that information was. So who were the victims here?


  • Who was affected by this crime? Well, "Retail giant Target" -- Target store was affected,

    この犯罪の影響を受けたのは誰か?さて、"小売大手のTarget" -- Target storeが被害を受けました。

  • and as a result, their customers were affected. These were the victims of this attack, this

    その結果 彼らの顧客が影響を受けましたこれらはこの攻撃の犠牲者でした この

  • cyber attack.


  • Who were the criminals? Well, those who did the cyber attack. They're sometimes known


  • as cyber thieves; they're known as cyber hackers. But you'll see this term "cyber" because they're

    彼らはサイバーハッカーとして知られています。しかし、あなたはこの用語を見ることになるでしょう"cyber" なぜなら彼らは

  • not just regular thieves. They steal through the means of the computer. Okay?


  • What was the crime? You've now learned many expressions to describe this crime. But let's


  • see what we've found here. We have also found here "cyber attack", "payment card theft",


  • "identity theft", along with what we had up here, "data theft", "heist", and "breach".

    "identity theft" , along with what we had up here, "data theft" , "heist" and " breach".

  • Right? "Security breach." So what is "identity theft"? What does it mean to steal somebody's

    Right? "Security breach." So what is "identity theft"?誰かを盗むとはどういうことでしょうか?

  • identity? Well, it means to take all of their personal and private information -- their

    アイデンティティ?彼らの個人情報と個人情報をすべて 奪うということだ

  • name, perhaps their email address, their credit card information, their address, things like


  • that, phone number. And then, they might try to use your credit card and give your information

    それと電話番号そして、あなたのクレジットカードを 使って、あなたの情報を 伝えようとするかもしれません。

  • in an illegal way. So that's called "identity theft", stealing somebody's identity, pretending

    in an illegal way.だから、それは"identity theft"と呼ばれる、誰かのアイデンティティを盗んで、ふりをする。

  • to be that person, to do a fraudulent or illegal kind of transaction. Okay?

    その人になりすまして 詐欺や違法な取引をするためにいいですか?

  • And when did this happen? Okay. Did you find the information in this paragraph to tell


  • you when it happened? It said "pre-Christmas cyber attack." Pre-Christmas" means "before

    あなたはそれが起こったときに?それは言った "pre-Christmasサイバー攻撃." Pre-Christmas" means " before

  • Christmas". Okay.


  • And where did it happen? Which places were affected by it? Here. 1700 U.S. stores.


  • All right? We can say the number like that, "seventeen hundred". You can also say "one thousand seven

    いいですか?そのような数字を、"seventeen hundred"と言うこともできます。また、"one thousand seven

  • hundred". All right?


  • So here, if you continue to read the story, you would find more vocabulary that you could


  • pick up. So here are three things that Target did after that -- after this happened -- and


  • three things that they asked the customers to do. So let's look at vocabulary they used here.


  • So Target confirmed the unauthorized access. They confirmed; they said, "Yes. It really


  • did happen." Some people accessed or gained illegal -- they managed to reach illegally

    did happen." 何人かの人々がアクセスしたり、違法に得た - 彼らは違法に到達することができました。

  • information that was not supposed to be theirs." "Unauthorized" -- it wasn't allowed. Okay.


  • Then, Target alerted the authorities. They warned the police, let's say. They got in


  • touch with the police. They investigated the incident. They probed further; they tried


  • to find out more information about what happened. "Incident" is any kind of occurrence, anything


  • that happens. Then, they asked their customers to do certain things. They asked them to monitor


  • their account information. "To monitor" something means to pay attention to what's happening


  • to it, to -- it's sort of -- yeah. Watch, watch what's happening. All right? "To remain


  • vigilant for fraud" -- look at all the vocabulary here. Not necessarily beginner vocabulary.

    vigilant for fraud" -- ここにあるすべての語彙を見てください。必ずしも初心者向けの語彙ではありません。

  • Quite advanced in some cases. "To remain vigilant" means to be on the lookout for, to watch out


  • for, to pay attention to what's happening. And what is "fraud"? "Fraud" is any kind of


  • cheating or lying or somebody gains a benefit through that. So somebody lied or cheated

    騙したり嘘をついたり 誰かがそれによって利益を得ていますだから誰かが嘘をついたり 騙したりしたのです

  • in order to get something for themselves. That is "fraud". And here, we see another


  • form of the word "fraud". The customers are also told to report fraudulent activity. "Fraudulent"

    の形で、"fraudulent"と表現しています。また、顧客は詐欺行為を報告するように言われています。 "Fraudulent"。

  • is the adjective from the word "fraud". Any kind of improper activity. Okay?


  • So look at all the different kinds of vocabulary that you've got just from this one news story.


  • So remember; the news -- whether it's something you watch, whether it's something you read


  • or something you listen to -- is a great way to improve your English vocabulary. You'll


  • have a chance to review this vocabulary and listen to it again and read it again. And

    はこの語彙を復習して もう一度聞いて読み直す機会がありますそして、その上で

  • you can pick up that vocabulary. Try to use some of this after this lesson. Try to write


  • out some sentences of your own regarding something else. And you could say -- you can use the

    何か他のことについて 自分の文章を書き出してみましょうそして、あなたは言うことができます...

  • same vocabulary. You don't always have the use it for the same purpose. For example,


  • here, they confirmed the unauthorized access. But you might want to confirm a reservation,


  • right? You can confirm many things. You can alert the authorities. You can alert the police.


  • You can investigate an incident. You can investigate an accident. You can monitor account information,


  • or you can monitor your children when they're playing outside. Okay? Keep an eye on them.

    子供たちが外で遊んでいる時に 監視することができますいいですか?目を離さないで

  • You can remain vigilant for fraud. You can remain vigilant for any kind of suspicious


  • behavior on anybody's part. And you can report fraudulent activity, or you could report a


  • crime or an accident, right? So you can use these verbs for all kinds of purposes.


  • If you'd like to do a quiz on this, please go to our website, You could


  • also subscribe to my YouTube channel and get lots more English lessons. Okay?


  • So all the best with your English. Bye, for now.


Hi. This is Rebecca. In today's English In the News lesson, we're going to talk about

こんにちは、レベッカです。今日のEnglish In the Newsのレッスンでは、次のことについてお話しします。


動画の操作 ここで「動画」の調整と「字幕」の表示を設定することができます

B1 中級 日本語 サイバー 情報 ターゲット 攻撃 犯罪 違法


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    Sam に公開 2015 年 03 月 11 日