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  • Your brain is constantly making calls about what's right and what's wrong,

  • and though you may not think twice about these everyday moral decisions.

  • Calculations behind them can be pretty complicated as you're about to see in this next experiment.

  • Imagine you're walking through the park one afternoon.

  • When you see someone fall down,

  • would you lend a hand?

  • We've enlisted the help with an actress and set up a hidden-camera experiment to see what strangers will do in this exact scenario.

  • How do you think people react once our actress hits the pavement?

  • I think she may have hurt herself.

  • That didn't take long.

  • Within seconds, a crowd quickly gathers around ready and willing to help.

  • We run this experiment over and over,

  • and every time people responded to help her up in less than ten seconds.

  • Are you okay?

  • I'm okay.

  • It seems people lend a helping hand to someone lying on the ground

  • makes you feel good about humanity, right?

  • But is there anything we can do to make passersby turn a blind eye to the same person?

  • What happens when we change nothing but the way our actress looks?

  • Would you help someone up who looks so down and out?

  • How would people react now?

  • How long would it take for someone to help?

  • Thirty seconds have gone by, and no one has come close to help her.

  • They just keep walking.

  • More than a minute has passed, and no one has helped.

  • She's been on the ground for 15 minutes.

  • Before you judge any of these people too harshly,

  • ask yourself, what would you do in this situation?

  • It seems people's brains are having a hard time seeing this woman in need.

  • It is if she were invisible even to this couple sitting just ten feet away.

  • Why did so many people start to help this woman but not this woman?

  • Why does our actress's appearance make such a huge difference?

  • Empathy is an important motivational state for determining whether or not you will help someone in need.

  • But what triggers our sense of empathy for others?

  • Psychologists have long noted that we automatically categorize other people as members of our in group or out group.

  • Humans are a vaulting groups where our individual survival depended on the survival of others,

  • so it makes evolutionary sense to help people in our own groups.

Your brain is constantly making calls about what's right and what's wrong,

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A2 初級

手を貸してくれないか? (你是否會伸出援手?Helping Hands)

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    王妍心 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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