字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Tensions are high in France in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo attacks and retaliatory violence and threats against the Muslim community have already been made. There have been numerous instances in which Mosques were defaced, shot at or bombed. The question is, are these isolated incidents or does France an issue with Islam? Unfortunately, France does have a somewhat antagonistic relationship with it’s Muslim population. France is a secular nation with strict laws designed to separate church and state. Some French policy-makers have used these secular beliefs to make things more difficult for France’s Muslim population. Practicing Islam demands physical expressions of belief from most of its followers. This includes wearing a hijab, or headscarf. In 2004, French policy- makers were able to legally ban hijabs and other religious head coverings from public schools. Politicians responsible for the legislation said conspicuous religious symbols in public schools conflicted with the secular policies, or what the french call, “laïcite.” Later, in 2011, veils that cover the face were officially outlawed from public places on the grounds of public safety. Lawmakers touted the ruling as a win for feminism and freedom of expression, but some Muslim women argue the opposite point. Muslim women who choose to express their religious beliefs freely by wearing a veil are now unable to access public places without either being fined or jeopardizing their beliefs. If they followed the letter of the law they would be essentially trapped in their homes. And trapping woman in their homes is the opposite of feminism. The French Collective Against Islamophobia also says that since the new law, there has been “an explosion” in physical attacks against veiled women. Adding to all of this is the fact that, one of the leading right-wing politicians, Marine Le Pen who obtained 18 percent of the votes in the first round of the 2012 presidential elections, is unabashedly anti-Islam. Her National Front party wants to drastically cut down on immigration into the country. According to her Muslims "are advancing in the neighborhoods. They are putting pressure on the population. They are recruiting young boys [to train for jihad].” In April 2014, Le Pen also announced that in towns won by National Front candidates, there would no longer be pork-free lunch alternatives in some public schools, which obviously affects both Muslim and Jewish children. All of these things contribute to some news organizations labeling France as Islamophobic. And it’s hard to ignore the signs of disturbing intolerance in the region. Since the Charlie Hebdo shootings, there have reportedly been more than 50 separate attacks on the Muslim community. If you found this video interesting, subscribe to TestTube! And check out this other video about the rise of Nazism in Germany. Thanks for watching.