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  • North Korea and China have sustained a close relationship for more than half a century.

  • In

  • 1949, they first recognized each other diplomatically and in 1950, China helped North Korea

  • out militarily. They share a border that runs over 1,400km and are frequent trade partners.

  • So,

  • exactly how strong is the current relationship between China and North Korea?

  • Well, in 1961, both nations signed theSino-North Korean Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation

  • and Mutual Assistance”, which made them official allies. This treaty has since been

  • extended,

  • once in 1981 and again in 2001. As it stands now, The Treaty of Friendship won’t expire

  • until

  • the year 2021. And both nations have a history of taking this treaty seriously. China, who

  • sits on

  • the UN Security Council, has a history of vetoing any UN activity that would negatively

  • impact

  • North Korea.

  • The two countries also share a strong trade relationship. About 67% of all of North Korea’s

  • exports go to China and over 61% of all its imports come from China. These numbers soar

  • above their next two closest trade partners, South Korea and India. At times, China has

  • also

  • been the chief provider of food and energy to North Korea. Obviously, North Korea appears

  • to

  • be benefiting more from this relationship than China. So, what does China get out of

  • all this?

  • Well, for one, they get a buffer zone between them and U.S.-allied South Korea, where tens

  • of thousands of American military soldiers are stationed. Plus, China is already dealing

  • with a

  • North Korean refugee problem. In fact, they had to put up a barbed wire fence in 2006

  • to stem

  • the tide of refugees. The fear now is that if North Korea were to collapse, China would

  • have to

  • deal with a large wave of refugees, so it’s in their best interest to keep North Korea

  • going.

  • But there are major signs that this relationship is changing, most of which involve North

  • Korea’s nuclear weapons program. After North Korea conducted its third nuclear test, China

  • publically condemned their actions. China also allowed a UN resolution against the North

  • Korean tests, refusing to use their veto power on North Korea’s behalf. According to some

  • experts, this marks a significant rupture in China’s alliance with North Korea. And

  • since then,

  • both countries have sent more military to their shared border. North Korea reportedly

  • sent tanks,

  • armored infantry, sharpshooters and rocket launchers.

  • Even with the tensions, many think China will always bail out and support North Korea, but

  • leaked documents may show that isn’t necessarily the case. The documents outline a plan for

  • dealing with North Korean leaders, military, and civilians after the fall of their country.

  • Add to this

  • a planned fourth North Korean nuclear test and their decades long friendship may finally

  • come

  • to an end.

  • Push to North Korea-South Korea reunification episode And please subscribe.

  • Thanks for watching.

North Korea and China have sustained a close relationship for more than half a century.


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B2 中上級

中国が北朝鮮を支持する理由 (Why China Supports North Korea)

  • 231 15
    Cheng-Hong Liu に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日